Chapter 8: State Indicators

Workforce

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Table 8-20

Bachelor's degree holders as share of workforce, by state: 1994, 1999, and 2004

 
  Bachelor's degree holders (thousands) Employed workforce Bachelor's degree holders in workforce (%)
State 1994 1999 2004 1994 1999 2004 1994 1999 2004
 
United States 36,538 43,812 51,751 123,901,653 135,145,914 139,253,285 29.5 32.4 37.2
Alabama 402 610 645 1,909,881 2,070,210 2,029,314 21.0 29.5 31.8
Alaska 86 95 99 278,198 297,019 307,704 30.9 32.0 32.2
Arizona 508 715 983 1,976,722 2,355,357 2,636,773 25.7 30.4 37.3
Arkansas 190 276 331 1,148,393 1,198,016 1,232,126 16.5 23.0 26.9
California 4,803 5,593 7,004 13,953,855 15,566,900 16,459,862 34.4 35.9 42.6
Colorado 657 1,008 1,014 1,953,111 2,269,668 2,382,873 33.6 44.4 42.6
Connecticut 579 738 778 1,670,083 1,695,174 1,709,836 34.7 43.5 45.5
Delaware 99 119 144 360,866 387,808 405,669 27.4 30.7 35.5
District of Columbia 141 150 181 285,207 288,016 274,465 49.4 52.1 65.9
Florida 1,943 2,162 2,987 6,502,124 7,401,659 7,997,077 29.9 29.2 37.4
Georgia 1,085 1,048 1,525 3,412,606 3,951,684 4,188,271 31.8 26.5 36.4
Hawaii 188 199 219 555,749 576,314 595,772 33.8 34.5 36.8
Idaho 147 155 203 552,354 620,962 669,728 26.6 25.0 30.3
Illinois 1,749 1,939 2,217 5,766,671 6,143,130 6,000,140 30.3 31.6 36.9
Indiana 526 691 846 2,911,781 3,046,922 3,005,247 18.1 22.7 28.2
Iowa 339 394 467 1,510,253 1,560,848 1,545,412 22.4 25.2 30.2
Kansas 353 443 515 1,279,098 1,359,908 1,383,654 27.6 32.6 37.2
Kentucky 400 501 578 1,729,483 1,854,270 1,870,249 23.1 27.0 30.9
Louisiana 439 556 618 1,785,654 1,926,732 1,940,315 24.6 28.9 31.9
Maine 166 199 213 589,073 641,351 667,223 28.2 31.0 31.9
Maryland 872 1,209 1,270 2,545,413 2,687,843 2,761,015 34.3 45.0 46.0
Massachusetts 1,205 1,253 1,594 2,989,123 3,245,761 3,219,487 40.3 38.6 49.5
Michigan 1,144 1,313 1,572 4,508,900 4,897,144 4,719,343 25.4 26.8 33.3
Minnesota 737 954 1,085 2,471,516 2,686,942 2,813,831 29.8 35.5 38.6
Mississippi 310 329 359 1,159,959 1,223,725 1,248,056 26.7 26.9 28.8
Missouri 711 821 1,039 2,622,286 2,819,853 2,858,897 27.1 29.1 36.3
Montana 131 134 159 410,957 440,646 461,746 31.9 30.4 34.4
Nebraska 209 214 274 862,659 916,270 947,882 24.2 23.4 28.9
Nevada 161 238 359 764,451 978,969 1,126,346 21.1 24.3 31.9
New Hampshire 192 212 293 594,935 666,066 695,739 32.3 31.8 42.1
New Jersey 1,472 1,604 1,957 3,789,960 4,092,714 4,176,230 38.8 39.2 46.9
New Mexico 242 268 296 725,387 793,052 859,962 33.4 33.8 34.4
New York 2,996 3,205 3,827 8,080,243 8,657,431 8,811,784 37.1 37.0 43.4
North Carolina 852 1,173 1,243 3,511,339 3,921,244 4,020,788 24.3 29.9 30.9
North Dakota 76 89 104 327,377 336,481 342,221 23.2 26.5 30.4
Ohio 1,396 1,850 1,811 5,254,199 5,534,376 5,523,037 26.6 33.4 32.8
Oklahoma 415 514 496 1,469,487 1,590,838 1,627,828 28.2 32.3 30.5
Oregon 492 585 629 1,546,552 1,697,288 1,718,504 31.8 34.5 36.6
Pennsylvania 1,545 1,887 2,093 5,529,551 5,809,824 5,926,978 27.9 32.5 35.3
Rhode Island 156 176 193 480,669 518,848 533,313 32.5 33.9 36.2
South Carolina 412 537 656 1,729,363 1,876,895 1,906,572 23.8 28.6 34.4
South Dakota 75 111 117 364,452 394,898 413,121 20.6 28.1 28.3
Tennessee 535 626 965 2,511,085 2,722,124 2,751,755 21.3 23.0 35.1
Texas 2,294 2,965 3,272 8,778,660 9,766,299 10,362,982 26.1 30.4 31.6
Utah 228 316 398 945,389 1,080,441 1,140,498 24.1 29.2 34.9
Vermont 107 112 142 301,836 325,581 340,374 35.4 34.4 41.7
Virginia 1,074 1,383 1,610 3,265,139 3,441,589 3,674,434 32.9 40.2 43.8
Washington 848 1,068 1,205 2,566,663 2,917,577 3,032,299 33.0 36.6 39.7
West Virginia 138 215 189 712,664 762,395 746,542 19.4 28.2 25.3
Wisconsin 665 791 906 2,713,392 2,879,024 2,919,201 24.5 27.5 31.0
Wyoming 48 69 71 236,885 251,828 270,810 20.3 27.4 26.2
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA 1,032,283 1,142,466 1,226,251 NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: Bachelor's degree holders include those who have completed a bachelor's or higher degree. Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and is reported as annual data, not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, Education and Social Stratification Branch, Educational Attainment in the United States, various years; and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

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