Chapter 8: State Indicators

Workforce

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Table 8-22

S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce, by state: 1997, 2001, and 2003

 
  S&E doctorate holders Employed workforce S&E doctorate holders in workforce (%)
State 1997 2001 2003 1997 2001 2003 1997 2001 2003
 
United States 503,290 555,360 567,690 130,988,267 137,107,740 137,406,413 0.38 0.41 0.41
Alabama 6,440 5,170 5,500 2,035,156 2,033,230 2,009,039 0.32 0.25 0.27
Alaska 1,110 1,160 1,050 289,963 300,917 305,063 0.38 0.39 0.34
Arizona 6,130 6,800 7,110 2,196,901 2,453,066 2,553,169 0.28 0.28 0.28
Arkansas 2,250 2,460 2,670 1,177,143 1,193,249 1,204,539 0.19 0.21 0.22
California 68,390 78,020 83,150 14,780,791 16,217,495 16,223,451 0.46 0.48 0.51
Colorado 10,350 11,450 12,180 2,154,294 2,301,155 2,325,210 0.48 0.50 0.52
Connecticut 8,470 9,340 10,140 1,674,937 1,698,274 1,706,170 0.51 0.55 0.59
Delaware 3,520 3,470 2,600 378,117 405,111 403,759 0.93 0.86 0.64
District of Columbia 11,580 13,840 6,490 262,789 287,552 276,595 4.41 4.81 2.35
Florida 12,820 15,040 15,590 7,040,660 7,633,728 7,763,860 0.18 0.20 0.20
Georgia 9,640 11,710 12,060 3,751,699 4,107,109 4,134,525 0.26 0.29 0.29
Hawaii 2,420 2,570 2,960 566,766 586,754 588,637 0.43 0.44 0.50
Idaho 1,990 2,160 2,480 598,004 642,908 654,222 0.33 0.34 0.38
Illinois 21,020 21,670 21,410 5,988,296 6,121,940 5,934,131 0.35 0.35 0.36
Indiana 7,460 9,490 8,980 3,014,499 3,020,287 3,000,784 0.25 0.31 0.30
Iowa 4,030 4,280 4,450 1,555,837 1,569,541 1,548,215 0.26 0.27 0.29
Kansas 3,720 3,890 4,050 1,329,797 1,348,506 1,366,061 0.28 0.29 0.30
Kentucky 3,980 4,380 4,740 1,809,785 1,854,296 1,856,204 0.22 0.24 0.26
Louisiana 5,210 5,000 5,180 1,890,102 1,921,056 1,914,550 0.28 0.26 0.27
Maine 2,140 1,940 2,000 624,410 649,955 659,579 0.34 0.30 0.30
Maryland 20,660 22,090 27,050 2,646,200 2,719,498 2,751,455 0.78 0.81 0.98
Massachusetts 22,960 28,390 28,950 3,158,851 3,274,561 3,215,624 0.73 0.87 0.90
Michigan 14,750 16,940 16,280 4,748,691 4,864,600 4,695,148 0.31 0.35 0.35
Minnesota 9,660 11,070 10,770 2,605,673 2,764,353 2,786,091 0.37 0.40 0.39
Mississippi 2,970 3,120 3,080 1,200,845 1,229,964 1,237,198 0.25 0.25 0.25
Missouri 9,300 8,860 8,730 2,780,185 2,856,402 2,845,802 0.33 0.31 0.31
Montana 1,580 1,330 1,660 427,504 447,213 452,493 0.37 0.30 0.37
Nebraska 2,930 2,840 2,730 904,492 926,926 936,736 0.32 0.31 0.29
Nevada 1,620 2,010 1,820 895,258 1,043,911 1,089,709 0.18 0.19 0.17
New Hampshire 2,190 2,320 2,710 635,469 680,587 685,366 0.34 0.34 0.40
New Jersey 19,970 22,130 21,900 4,031,022 4,111,546 4,115,123 0.50 0.54 0.53
New Mexico 7,120 7,370 7,640 768,596 819,413 840,858 0.93 0.90 0.91
New York 38,830 42,570 40,510 8,416,544 8,729,849 8,705,319 0.46 0.49 0.47
North Carolina 13,470 16,250 17,130 3,809,601 3,948,692 3,957,077 0.35 0.41 0.43
North Dakota 1,330 1,080 1,110 335,854 336,939 338,809 0.40 0.32 0.33
Ohio 18,200 19,270 20,130 5,448,161 5,570,389 5,506,038 0.33 0.35 0.37
Oklahoma 4,430 4,110 4,160 1,543,105 1,615,033 1,614,418 0.29 0.25 0.26
Oregon 5,980 6,900 7,280 1,652,997 1,708,957 1,701,577 0.36 0.40 0.43
Pennsylvania 23,110 25,520 26,900 5,775,178 5,870,495 5,835,076 0.40 0.43 0.46
Rhode Island 2,400 2,600 3,060 504,147 520,008 537,873 0.48 0.50 0.57
South Carolina 4,620 5,030 4,810 1,819,508 1,850,436 1,878,397 0.25 0.27 0.26
South Dakota 1,000 970 940 383,216 400,574 408,805 0.26 0.24 0.23
Tennessee 8,350 8,570 8,680 2,640,005 2,728,496 2,742,225 0.32 0.31 0.32
Texas 27,990 31,710 32,430 9,395,279 10,003,723 10,195,950 0.30 0.32 0.32
Utah 4,670 4,720 4,160 1,034,429 1,103,028 1,121,088 0.45 0.43 0.37
Vermont 1,750 1,630 1,660 315,806 329,460 335,823 0.55 0.49 0.49
Virginia 14,860 16,880 20,890 3,323,266 3,524,335 3,612,229 0.45 0.48 0.58
Washington 12,860 14,270 14,960 2,822,223 2,861,417 2,926,836 0.46 0.50 0.51
West Virginia 1,930 1,840 2,040 746,442 762,107 747,637 0.26 0.24 0.27
Wisconsin 8,320 8,290 8,060 2,855,830 2,898,949 2,896,670 0.29 0.29 0.28
Wyoming 810 840 670 243,944 259,750 265,200 0.33 0.32 0.25
 
Puerto Rico 650 1,400 1,610 1,132,658 1,133,988 1,200,322 0.06 0.12 0.13
 

NOTES: Survey of Doctorate Recipients sample design does not include geography. Data on S&E doctorate holders are classified by employment location, and workforce data are based on respondents' residence. Thus, the reliability of data for areas with smaller populations is lower than for more populous states. Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and is reported as annual data, not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

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