Chapter 8: State Indicators


Select Indicator:

Quartiles | Findings | Description

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2003

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2003

Individuals in S&E Occupations as Share of Workforce: 2003.


Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2003*

1st Quartile
2nd Quartile
3rd Quartile
4th Quartile
California Alaska Alabama Arkansas
Colorado Arizona Florida Iowa
Connecticut Georgia Hawaii Kentucky
Delaware Idaho Indiana Louisiana
District of Columbia Illinois Missouri Maine
Maryland Kansas Montana Mississippi
Massachusetts Michigan Nebraska Nevada
Minnesota New Hampshire New York North Dakota
New Jersey North Carolina Ohio South Dakota
New Mexico Oregon Oklahoma Tennessee
Utah Rhode Island Pennsylvania West Virginia
Virginia Texas South Carolina Wyoming
Washington Vermont Wisconsin
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See table 8-21.

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  • In 2003, 3.6% of the U.S. workforce, or about 5 million people, worked in occupations classified as S&E.

  • In individual states in 2003, the percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 1.77% to 5.79%.

  • The District of Columbia was an outlier at 19.84%, reflecting the many S&E jobs it provides for individuals who work there but live in neighboring states.

  • States located in the Northeast, Southwest, and West Coast tended to be in the top two quartiles on this indicator, signifying a high concentration of S&E jobs.

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This indicator shows the extent to which a state’s workforce is college educated and employed in science and engineering occupations. A high value for this indicator shows that a state’s economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by 77 standard occupational codes that encompass mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these S&E fields. People with job titles such as manager are excluded.

The location of S&E occupations primarily reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. Civilian workforce data are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

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National Science Board.