Chapter 8: State Indicators


Select Indicator:

Quartiles | Findings | Description

S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2003

S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2003

S&E Doctorate Holders as Share of Workforce: 2003.


S&E doctorate holders as share of workforce: 2003*

1st Quartile
2nd Quartile
3rd Quartile
4th Quartile
California Idaho Alaska Alabama
Colorado Illinois Arizona Arkansas
Connecticut Michigan Georgia Florida
Delaware Minnesota Indiana Kentucky
District of Columbia Montana Iowa Louisiana
Hawaii New Hampshire Kansas Mississippi
Maryland New York Maine Nevada
Massachusetts North Carolina Missouri Oklahoma
New Jersey Ohio Nebraska South Carolina
New Mexico Oregon North Dakota South Dakota
Rhode Island Pennsylvania Tennessee West Virginia
Virginia Utah Texas Wyoming
Washington Vermont Wisconsin
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients; and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See table 8-22.

Top of page.Top of page


  • The number of S&E doctorate holders in the United States rose from 503,000 in 1997 to 568,000 in 2003, an increase of nearly 13%.

  • For the United States, the value of this indicator climbed from 0.38% to 0.41% of the workforce because the number of S&E doctorate holders increased more rapidly than the size of the workforce during this period.

  • In 2003, the values for this indicator in individual states ranged from 0.17% to 0.98% of the state's workforce; the District of Columbia was an outlier at 2.35%, reflecting a high concentration of S&E doctorate holders who work there but live in neighboring states.

  • States in the top quartile tend to be home to major research laboratories, research universities, or research-intensive industries.

Top of page.Top of page


This indicator shows a state’s tendency to attract and retain highly trained scientists and engineers. These individuals often conduct research and development, manage R&D activities, or are otherwise engaged in knowledge-intensive activities. A high value for this indicator in a state suggests employment opportunities for individuals with highly advanced training in science and engineering.

S&E fields include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. S&E doctorate holders exclude those with doctorates from foreign institutions. The location of the doctorate holders primarily reflects the state in which the individuals work. Civilian workforce data are Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates from the Current Population Survey, which bases location on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Top of page.Top of page
National Science Board.