Chapter 8: State Indicators

Financial Research and Development Inputs

Select Indicator:

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Table 8-26

R&D as share of gross state product, by state: 1998, 2000, and 2002

 
  R&D performed ($ thousands) GSP ($ millions) R&D performed/ GSP (%)
State 1998 2000 2002 1998 2000 2002 1998 2000 2002
 
United States 161,560,028 214,751,949 255,707,431 6,513,028 8,679,660 10,407,146 2.48 2.47 2.46
Alabama 1,967,533 1,926,127 2,323,165 84,497 107,825 125,567 2.33 1.79 1.85
Alaska 129,211 NA 307,812 23,014 22,942 29,708 0.56 NA 1.04
Arizona 1,607,378 2,317,552 4,096,021 85,483 137,457 171,781 1.88 1.69 2.38
Arkansas 301,143 283,161 427,127 47,188 61,759 71,929 0.64 0.46 0.59
California 33,721,294 43,919,295 51,388,310 847,879 1,090,979 1,367,785 3.98 4.03 3.76
Colorado 2,864,058 4,565,357 4,217,633 93,588 142,701 179,410 3.06 3.20 2.35
Connecticut 2,808,827 3,558,775 6,774,167 107,924 143,232 165,744 2.60 2.48 4.09
Delaware 1,248,672 2,555,543 1,318,622 23,827 36,993 47,150 5.24 6.91 2.80
District of Columbia 2,543,172 2,606,128 2,705,839 46,596 51,364 66,440 5.46 5.07 4.07
Florida 3,525,284 4,773,060 5,497,618 305,036 416,598 520,500 1.16 1.15 1.06
Georgia 1,577,360 2,491,906 3,934,608 172,220 254,453 305,829 0.92 0.98 1.29
Hawaii 380,150 241,560 455,679 36,308 37,568 43,998 1.05 0.64 1.04
Idaho 477,563 1,126,774 1,370,496 22,758 29,895 38,558 2.10 3.77 3.55
Illinois 6,777,207 8,830,457 10,190,059 317,248 425,049 486,139 2.14 2.08 2.10
Indiana 2,560,252 3,088,634 4,326,337 131,485 179,458 204,946 1.95 1.72 2.11
Iowa 902,050 1,053,690 1,346,336 62,764 84,499 98,232 1.44 1.25 1.37
Kansas 463,570 1,518,063 1,865,261 58,380 76,220 89,508 0.79 1.99 2.08
Kentucky 428,684 645,079 1,128,308 80,882 110,731 122,282 0.53 0.58 0.92
Louisiana 469,705 542,408 857,637 95,587 116,412 131,584 0.49 0.47 0.65
Maine 113,937 159,268 428,771 25,358 31,722 39,039 0.45 0.50 1.10
Maryland 7,530,401 8,018,944 9,030,106 126,442 161,485 201,879 5.96 4.97 4.47
Massachusetts 9,497,975 13,382,495 14,316,139 175,729 236,347 288,088 5.40 5.66 4.97
Michigan 10,777,535 13,655,250 15,082,389 222,886 310,004 351,287 4.84 4.40 4.29
Minnesota 2,922,121 3,817,731 5,247,399 115,420 166,146 200,061 2.53 2.30 2.62
Mississippi 324,189 366,465 691,444 47,384 61,065 69,136 0.68 0.60 1.00
Missouri 1,788,896 1,867,905 2,478,355 119,680 162,666 187,543 1.49 1.15 1.32
Montana 90,438 190,675 236,144 16,151 20,004 23,773 0.56 0.95 0.99
Nebraska 294,531 314,645 663,135 38,665 52,152 60,962 0.76 0.60 1.09
Nevada 218,503 570,509 524,417 39,929 63,826 81,182 0.55 0.89 0.65
New Hampshire 438,620 1,339,951 1,435,074 27,507 38,818 46,448 1.59 3.45 3.09
New Jersey 9,180,997 11,368,389 13,020,435 246,727 314,604 380,169 3.72 3.61 3.42
New Mexico 2,751,608 3,031,678 4,689,090 37,110 45,972 53,515 7.41 6.59 8.76
New York 10,973,876 13,730,588 13,354,226 551,161 679,189 792,058 1.99 2.02 1.69
North Carolina 2,745,087 4,559,996 5,135,001 168,830 241,095 300,216 1.63 1.89 1.71
North Dakota 91,534 119,450 294,630 12,855 17,268 19,780 0.71 0.69 1.49
Ohio 6,397,650 6,969,763 8,309,769 260,891 349,611 388,224 2.45 1.99 2.14
Oklahoma 533,398 512,899 793,412 65,035 80,141 95,126 0.82 0.64 0.83
Oregon 773,855 1,910,443 2,891,509 69,810 101,092 115,138 1.11 1.89 2.51
Pennsylvania 8,277,907 8,761,617 9,763,237 288,154 365,343 428,950 2.87 2.40 2.28
Rhode Island 484,236 1,677,063 1,638,666 23,627 29,620 36,988 2.05 5.66 4.43
South Carolina 713,450 989,452 1,668,245 75,955 103,422 122,354 0.94 0.96 1.36
South Dakota 58,634 59,766 110,632 16,261 20,721 25,003 0.36 0.29 0.44
Tennessee 1,212,807 2,502,826 2,568,240 119,758 161,653 190,122 1.01 1.55 1.35
Texas 6,965,939 10,774,067 14,222,536 452,649 628,415 773,455 1.54 1.71 1.84
Utah 751,165 1,494,808 1,571,691 38,395 59,996 72,974 1.96 2.49 2.15
Vermont 342,809 175,486 398,291 13,154 16,014 19,604 2.61 1.10 2.03
Virginia 2,938,617 4,933,647 5,894,686 170,754 223,638 287,589 1.72 2.21 2.05
Washington 5,421,959 8,465,553 10,511,415 138,225 194,566 232,940 3.92 4.35 4.51
West Virginia 279,583 420,704 542,120 32,240 40,497 45,518 0.87 1.04 1.19
Wisconsin 1,851,751 2,501,029 3,585,099 119,508 161,261 190,650 1.55 1.55 1.88
Wyoming 62,907 65,318 80,093 14,114 15,172 20,285 0.45 0.43 0.39
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA 36,923 54,086 71,306 NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

GSP = gross state product

NOTES: Total R&D includes R&D performed by federal agencies, industry, universities, and other nonprofit organizations. Total R&D and GSP are reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources, various years; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product data; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.

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