Chapter 8: State Indicators

Financial Research and Development Inputs

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Table 8-30

Academic R&D per $1,000 of gross state product, by state: 1993, 1998, and 2003

 
  Academic R&D ($ thousands) GSP ($ millions) Academic R&D/ $1,000 GSP ($)
State 1993 1998 2003 1993 1998 2003 1993 1998 2003
 
United States 19,438,022 25,316,788 39,368,880 5,857,335 7,659,648 10,407,146 3.01 2.92 3.60
Alabama 287,849 442,088 557,859 75,293 97,941 125,567 3.45 4.16 4.27
Alaska 66,855 76,358 140,641 22,164 26,083 29,708 2.91 3.29 4.44
Arizona 310,721 405,999 617,978 72,263 113,138 171,781 3.65 2.96 3.37
Arkansas 79,299 116,778 183,183 40,950 56,455 71,929 1.70 1.90 2.46
California 2,445,089 3,389,742 5,362,683 801,193 958,476 1,367,785 2.93 3.12 3.73
Colorado 335,475 489,419 694,862 78,624 116,045 179,410 3.63 3.41 3.69
Connecticut 367,466 406,618 594,541 100,229 126,744 165,744 3.46 2.80 3.42
Delaware 53,889 72,779 104,650 21,925 28,885 47,150 2.28 1.97 2.07
District of Columbia 151,808 232,922 263,342 41,806 47,560 66,440 3.32 4.50 3.73
Florida 492,317 712,704 1,204,592 267,851 362,950 520,500 1.63 1.71 2.18
Georgia 558,188 804,151 1,175,852 146,334 215,128 305,829 3.30 3.15 3.66
Hawaii 73,961 148,007 184,602 33,579 36,959 43,998 2.06 3.93 3.96
Idaho 50,404 72,395 105,039 18,601 28,152 38,558 2.22 2.42 2.60
Illinois 776,412 1,030,819 1,613,691 286,582 377,271 486,139 2.45 2.43 3.23
Indiana 304,140 426,328 725,752 113,831 155,512 204,946 2.33 2.39 3.40
Iowa 299,528 358,613 498,669 57,677 77,244 98,232 4.78 4.28 4.87
Kansas 154,655 213,096 310,052 53,345 67,965 89,508 2.67 2.79 3.32
Kentucky 127,742 241,520 377,635 70,536 94,987 122,282 1.59 2.20 2.94
Louisiana 263,960 353,261 524,262 94,298 114,967 131,584 2.83 2.98 3.63
Maine 26,025 35,265 75,092 23,398 28,636 39,039 1.04 1.10 1.84
Maryland 701,637 887,473 1,423,186 116,226 142,910 201,879 5.62 5.49 6.68
Massachusetts 1,121,126 1,348,220 1,821,817 160,193 208,288 288,088 6.47 5.69 6.13
Michigan 705,430 882,141 1,388,284 194,253 263,871 351,287 3.19 2.86 3.86
Minnesota 336,954 367,779 517,346 103,791 141,664 200,061 2.93 2.21 2.46
Mississippi 110,963 152,683 324,298 40,839 55,997 69,136 2.38 2.53 4.51
Missouri 351,845 484,502 806,907 109,548 145,044 187,543 2.97 2.97 4.16
Montana 50,420 76,655 141,220 14,057 17,998 23,773 3.13 3.86 5.52
Nebraska 137,194 186,320 300,540 35,619 48,317 60,962 3.51 3.57 4.60
Nevada 79,124 83,888 154,515 33,599 54,085 81,182 1.98 1.31 1.72
New Hampshire 99,475 117,323 252,210 24,778 34,823 46,448 3.60 3.01 5.23
New Jersey 374,583 484,942 747,481 221,678 281,806 380,169 1.54 1.55 1.90
New Mexico 187,108 228,740 306,623 30,454 43,658 53,515 5.12 4.98 5.37
New York 1,596,699 1,925,264 3,089,988 508,889 630,003 792,058 2.91 2.81 3.69
North Carolina 633,916 901,995 1,397,371 146,502 201,329 300,216 3.79 3.71 4.43
North Dakota 54,175 56,945 133,615 11,664 16,075 19,780 4.20 3.27 6.19
Ohio 597,195 810,225 1,268,784 234,736 305,413 388,224 2.31 2.32 3.18
Oklahoma 174,981 208,873 295,098 59,468 74,936 95,126 2.69 2.62 2.92
Oregon 227,246 314,355 436,958 60,078 91,166 115,138 3.29 3.11 3.64
Pennsylvania 1,029,195 1,348,265 2,013,453 258,127 325,515 428,950 3.61 3.72 4.54
Rhode Island 103,194 111,979 187,131 21,607 26,665 36,988 4.37 3.79 4.75
South Carolina 185,431 248,474 435,328 68,380 89,260 122,354 2.46 2.40 3.40
South Dakota 22,565 25,474 49,977 13,832 19,073 25,003 1.41 1.22 1.83
Tennessee 279,896 346,466 599,723 101,378 141,335 190,122 2.35 2.16 2.95
Texas 1,422,062 1,697,344 2,765,634 398,935 550,014 773,455 3.17 2.70 3.36
Utah 194,685 249,147 385,158 33,691 51,442 72,974 5.07 4.13 5.02
Vermont 50,627 58,585 106,581 11,722 14,632 19,604 3.87 3.69 5.19
Virginia 408,527 494,005 773,200 152,673 196,638 287,589 2.42 2.18 2.54
Washington 434,885 542,411 869,695 122,657 161,760 232,940 3.13 2.78 3.55
West Virginia 55,282 63,446 120,514 29,352 37,346 45,518 1.71 1.60 2.58
Wisconsin 453,263 535,507 881,214 104,859 141,755 190,650 3.79 3.34 4.45
Wyoming 32,556 48,500 60,054 13,271 15,732 20,285 2.34 3.24 2.70
 
Puerto Rico 47,848 87,592 78,410 36,923 54,086 74,362 1.30 1.62 1.05
 

GSP = gross state product

NOTES: In 1998 and 2003, academic R&D was reported for all institutions. In 1993, it was reported for doctorate-granting institutions only. For Maryland, academic R&D excludes R&D performed by Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. GSP is reported in current dollars.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures, various years; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross State Product data; and Government of Puerto Rico, Office of the Governor.

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