Chapter 8: State Indicators

Financial Research and Development Inputs

Select Indicator:

Quartiles | Findings | Description

Federal R&D obligations per civilian worker: 2002

Federal R&D obligations per civilian worker: 2002

Federal R&D Obligations per Civilian Worker: 2002.


Federal R&D obligations per civilian worker: 2002*

1st Quartile
2nd Quartile
3rd Quartile
4th Quartile
Alabama Georgia Florida Arkansas
Alaska Hawaii Idaho Delaware
Arizona Maine Illinois Indiana
California Minnesota Iowa Kansas
Colorado Mississippi Michigan Kentucky
Connecticut Missouri Montana Louisiana
District of Columbia New Hampshire Nevada Nebraska
Maryland New Jersey North Carolina Oklahoma
Massachusetts New York North Dakota South Carolina
New Mexico Ohio Oregon South Dakota
Rhode Island Pennsylvania Tennessee Wisconsin
Virginia Utah Texas Wyoming
Washington Vermont West Virginia
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development; and U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See table 8-27.

Top of page.Top of page


  • Federal R&D obligations rose from $64 billion in 1992 to $84 billion in 2002, an increase of 31%.

  • The increase in federal R&D obligations (unadjusted for inflation) was greater than the increase in the civilian workforce, and the value of this indicator rose from $536 per worker in 1992 to $612 per worker in 2002.

  • Federal R&D obligations in 2002 varied greatly among the states, ranging from $117 to $3,318 per worker. Higher values were found in the states surrounding the District of Columbia and in sparsely populated states with national laboratories.

  • The District of Columbia was an outlier with $10,166 per worker, possibly because many federal employees work there but live in neighboring states.

Top of page.Top of page


This indicator shows how federal research and development funding is disbursed geographically relative to the size of states’ civilian workforces. Because the Department of Defense is the primary source for federal R&D obligations, much of this funding is used for development, but it also may provide direct and indirect benefits to a state’s economy and may stimulate the conduct of basic research. A high value may indicate the existence of major federally funded R&D facilities in the state.

Federal R&D dollars are attributed to the states in which the recipients of federal obligations are located. The size of a state’s civilian workforce is estimated based on the Bureau of Labor Statistics Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of these differences and the sample-based nature of the population data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Top of page.Top of page
National Science Board.