Chapter 8: State Indicators

Research and Development Outputs

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Table 8-31

S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders, by state: 1997, 2001, and 2003

 
  S&E doctorates conferred S&E doctorate holders S&E doctorates/ 1,000 doctorate holders
State 1997 2001 2003 1997 2001 2003 1997 2001 2003
 
United States 26,789 25,342 25,151 503,290 555,360 567,690 53.2 45.6 44.3
Alabama 327 287 314 6,440 5,170 5,500 50.8 55.5 57.1
Alaska 20 26 36 1,110 1,160 1,050 18.0 22.4 34.3
Arizona 486 403 451 6,130 6,800 7,110 79.3 59.3 63.4
Arkansas 68 62 82 2,250 2,460 2,670 30.2 25.2 30.7
California 3,415 3,334 3,405 68,390 78,020 83,150 49.9 42.7 41.0
Colorado 566 485 533 10,350 11,450 12,180 54.7 42.4 43.8
Connecticut 395 370 385 8,470 9,340 10,140 46.6 39.6 38.0
Delaware 130 128 102 3,520 3,470 2,600 36.9 36.9 39.2
District of Columbia 319 291 313 11,580 13,840 6,490 27.5 21.0 48.2
Florida 828 781 818 12,820 15,040 15,590 64.6 51.9 52.5
Georgia 543 608 620 9,640 11,710 12,060 56.3 51.9 51.4
Hawaii 130 107 92 2,420 2,570 2,960 53.7 41.6 31.1
Idaho 57 51 70 1,990 2,160 2,480 28.6 23.6 28.2
Illinois 1,347 1,323 1,262 21,020 21,670 21,410 64.1 61.1 58.9
Indiana 681 667 655 7,460 9,490 8,980 91.3 70.3 72.9
Iowa 401 376 299 4,030 4,280 4,450 99.5 87.9 67.2
Kansas 284 264 269 3,720 3,890 4,050 76.3 67.9 66.4
Kentucky 214 172 185 3,980 4,380 4,740 53.8 39.3 39.0
Louisiana 318 334 287 5,210 5,000 5,180 61.0 66.8 55.4
Maine 41 30 37 2,140 1,940 2,000 19.2 15.5 18.5
Maryland 676 664 634 20,660 22,090 27,050 32.7 30.1 23.4
Massachusetts 1,478 1,448 1,363 22,960 28,390 28,950 64.4 51.0 47.1
Michigan 970 906 954 14,750 16,940 16,280 65.8 53.5 58.6
Minnesota 471 455 425 9,660 11,070 10,770 48.8 41.1 39.5
Mississippi 152 129 140 2,970 3,120 3,080 51.2 41.3 45.5
Missouri 474 439 435 9,300 8,860 8,730 51.0 49.5 49.8
Montana 59 42 51 1,580 1,330 1,660 37.3 31.6 30.7
Nebraska 179 164 184 2,930 2,840 2,730 61.1 57.7 67.4
Nevada 24 52 77 1,620 2,010 1,820 14.8 25.9 42.3
New Hampshire 94 76 100 2,190 2,320 2,710 42.9 32.8 36.9
New Jersey 619 621 584 19,970 22,130 21,900 31.0 28.1 26.7
New Mexico 142 147 163 7,120 7,370 7,640 19.9 19.9 21.3
New York 2,302 2,128 2,131 38,830 42,570 40,510 59.3 50.0 52.6
North Carolina 726 726 723 13,470 16,250 17,130 53.9 44.7 42.2
North Dakota 50 43 66 1,330 1,080 1,110 37.6 39.8 59.5
Ohio 1,210 1,061 989 18,200 19,270 20,130 66.5 55.1 49.1
Oklahoma 237 238 190 4,430 4,110 4,160 53.5 57.9 45.7
Oregon 291 262 256 5,980 6,900 7,280 48.7 38.0 35.2
Pennsylvania 1,376 1,247 1,219 23,110 25,520 26,900 59.5 48.9 45.3
Rhode Island 161 162 142 2,400 2,600 3,060 67.1 62.3 46.4
South Carolina 222 216 181 4,620 5,030 4,810 48.1 42.9 37.6
South Dakota 36 34 33 1,000 970 940 36.0 35.1 35.1
Tennessee 391 377 340 8,350 8,570 8,680 46.8 44.0 39.2
Texas 1,633 1,598 1,548 27,990 31,710 32,430 58.3 50.4 47.7
Utah 196 236 239 4,670 4,720 4,160 42.0 50.0 57.5
Vermont 42 52 29 1,750 1,630 1,660 24.0 31.9 17.5
Virginia 702 628 620 14,860 16,880 20,890 47.2 37.2 29.7
Washington 482 457 441 12,860 14,270 14,960 37.5 32.0 29.5
West Virginia 78 67 101 1,930 1,840 2,040 40.4 36.4 49.5
Wisconsin 681 530 535 8,320 8,290 8,060 81.9 63.9 66.4
Wyoming 65 38 43 810 840 670 80.2 45.2 64.2
 
Puerto Rico 58 97 80 650 1,400 1,610 89.2 69.3 49.7
 

NOTES: Survey of Doctorate Recipients sample design does not include geography. Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders are classified by employment location. Thus, reliability of data for areas with smaller populations is lower than for more populous states. Reliability of estimates by state for S&E doctorate holders may be poor for some states because of small sample size.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates; and Survey of Doctorate Recipients.

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