Chapter 8: State Indicators

Research and Development Outputs

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Table 8-33

Academic article output per $1 million of academic R&D, by state: 1993, 1998, and 2003

 
  Academic article output Academic R&D ($ millions) Academic articles/ $1 million academic R&D
State 1993 1998 2003 1993 1998 2003 1993 1998 2003
 
United States 142,134 144,980 156,373 19,438 25,317 39,369 7.31 5.73 3.97
Alabama 1,787 1,882 1,903 288 442 558 6.21 4.26 3.41
Alaska 169 160 196 67 76 141 2.53 2.10 1.39
Arizona 2,249 2,069 2,251 311 406 618 7.24 5.10 3.64
Arkansas 562 597 704 79 117 183 7.09 5.11 3.84
California 18,013 17,789 19,533 2,445 3,390 5,363 7.37 5.25 3.64
Colorado 2,355 2,563 2,736 335 489 695 7.02 5.24 3.94
Connecticut 2,723 2,924 2,897 367 407 595 7.41 7.19 4.87
Delaware 530 519 611 54 73 105 9.84 7.13 5.84
District of Columbia 1,187 1,260 1,225 152 233 263 7.82 5.41 4.65
Florida 4,146 4,299 4,831 492 713 1,205 8.42 6.03 4.01
Georgia 2,880 3,248 3,851 558 804 1,176 5.16 4.04 3.28
Hawaii 585 559 606 74 148 185 7.91 3.78 3.28
Idaho 297 283 320 50 72 105 5.89 3.91 3.05
Illinois 7,103 6,863 7,428 776 1,031 1,614 9.15 6.66 4.60
Indiana 3,077 3,122 3,243 304 426 726 10.12 7.32 4.47
Iowa 2,292 2,306 2,371 300 359 499 7.65 6.43 4.75
Kansas 1,244 1,169 1,308 155 213 310 8.04 5.49 4.22
Kentucky 1,310 1,311 1,505 128 242 378 10.26 5.43 3.99
Louisiana 1,787 1,887 1,845 264 353 524 6.77 5.34 3.52
Maine 245 259 281 26 35 75 9.41 7.34 3.74
Maryland 4,303 4,549 5,099 702 887 1,423 6.13 5.13 3.58
Massachusetts 8,624 9,226 9,974 1,121 1,348 1,822 7.69 6.84 5.47
Michigan 4,892 4,865 5,396 705 882 1,388 6.93 5.51 3.89
Minnesota 2,491 2,405 2,421 337 368 517 7.39 6.54 4.68
Mississippi 507 642 747 111 153 324 4.57 4.20 2.30
Missouri 2,946 3,158 3,251 352 485 807 8.37 6.52 4.03
Montana 265 313 371 50 77 141 5.26 4.08 2.63
Nebraska 1,067 1,048 1,040 137 186 301 7.78 5.62 3.46
Nevada 375 381 513 79 84 155 4.74 4.54 3.32
New Hampshire 586 621 653 99 117 252 5.89 5.29 2.59
New Jersey 2,898 2,952 3,300 375 485 747 7.74 6.09 4.41
New Mexico 734 771 829 187 229 307 3.92 3.37 2.70
New York 12,779 12,581 12,904 1,597 1,925 3,090 8.00 6.53 4.18
North Carolina 4,676 5,006 5,579 634 902 1,397 7.38 5.55 3.99
North Dakota 281 273 322 54 57 134 5.19 4.79 2.41
Ohio 5,216 5,139 5,385 597 810 1,269 8.73 6.34 4.24
Oklahoma 892 919 996 175 209 295 5.10 4.40 3.38
Oregon 1,574 1,577 1,713 227 314 437 6.93 5.02 3.92
Pennsylvania 7,784 8,203 8,718 1,029 1,348 2,013 7.56 6.08 4.33
Rhode Island 872 839 904 103 112 187 8.45 7.49 4.83
South Carolina 1,137 1,227 1,478 185 248 435 6.13 4.94 3.40
South Dakota 140 141 168 23 25 50 6.20 5.54 3.36
Tennessee 2,082 2,306 2,463 280 346 600 7.44 6.66 4.11
Texas 8,670 8,717 9,777 1,422 1,697 2,766 6.10 5.14 3.54
Utah 1,508 1,590 1,631 195 249 385 7.75 6.38 4.23
Vermont 393 370 398 51 59 107 7.76 6.32 3.73
Virginia 3,042 3,100 3,254 409 494 773 7.45 6.28 4.21
Washington 2,988 3,184 3,557 435 542 870 6.87 5.87 4.09
West Virginia 395 410 385 55 63 121 7.15 6.46 3.19
Wisconsin 3,258 3,201 3,287 453 536 881 7.19 5.98 3.73
Wyoming 218 197 215 33 49 60 6.70 4.06 3.58
 
Puerto Rico 168 192 214 48 88 78 3.51 2.19 2.73
 

NOTES: In 1998 and 2003, academic R&D was reported for all institutions. In 1993, academic R&D was reported for doctorate-granting institutions only.

SOURCES: Thomson ISI, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index; ipIQ, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Academic Research and Development Expenditures, various years.

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