Chapter 8: State Indicators

Research and Development Outputs

Select Indicator:

Quartiles | Findings | Description

Academic article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2003

Academic article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2003

Academic Article Output per 1,000 S&E Doctorate Holders in Academia: 2003.


Academic article output per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders in academia: 2003*

1st Quartile
2nd Quartile
3rd Quartile
4th Quartile
Arizona Alabama Colorado Alaska
California Florida Kentucky Arkansas
Connecticut Georgia Minnesota Hawaii
Delaware Indiana Nevada Idaho
District of Columbia Kansas New Hampshire Maine
Illinois Louisiana New Jersey Mississippi
Iowa Missouri North Dakota Montana
Maryland Nebraska Ohio New Mexico
Massachusetts North Carolina Oregon Oklahoma
Michigan Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Dakota
New York South Carolina Tennessee Vermont
Texas Utah Virginia West Virginia
Wisconsin Washington Wyoming
*States in alphabetical order, not data order.

SOURCES: Thomson ISI, Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index; ipIQ, Inc.; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients. See table 8-32.

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  • Between 1997 and 2003, the number of scientific and technical articles increased by 8%, and the number of S&E doctorate holders increased by the same percentage, causing the value of this indicator to remain almost unchanged for the United States.

  • The publication rate for academic S&E doctorate holders in states in the top quartile of this indicator was approximately twice as high as for states in the bottom quartile.

  • States with the greatest volatility on this indicator frequently had larger changes in academic employment than in number of publications.

  • In 2003, the states with the highest values for this indicator were distributed across the nation.

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The volume of peer-reviewed articles per 1,000 academic science and engineering doctorate holders is an approximate measure of their contribution to scientific knowledge. Publications are only one measure of academic productivity, which includes trained personnel, patents, and other outputs. A high value on this indicator shows that the S&E faculty in a state’s academic institutions are generating a high volume of publications relative to other states.

Publication counts are based on the number of articles appearing in a set of journals listed in Thomson ISI’s Science Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index. The number of journals in this set was 5,029 in 1997, 5,255 in 2001, and 5,315 in 2003. Articles with authors in different institutions were counted fractionally. For a publication with N authors, each author’s institution was credited with 1/N articles.

S&E doctorates include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Medical doctorates and S&E doctorates from foreign institutions are excluded.

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National Science Board.