Acronyms and Abbreviations

AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
ACS American Community Survey
AP Advanced Placement
ATP Advanced Technology Program
AUTM Association of University Technology Managers
BEA U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
BLS U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
CATI-MERIT Cooperative Agreements and Technology Indicators database, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology
CCD Common Core of Data
CDC U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CORE Cooperative Research (database)
CPS Current Population Survey
CRADA cooperative research and development agreement
DHS U.S. Department of Homeland Security
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOC U.S. Department of Commerce
DOD U.S. Department of Defense
DOE U.S. Department of Energy
DOI U.S. Department of the Interior
DVR digital video recorder
EDP electronic data processing
ELS Education Longitudinal Study
EPO European Patent Office
EPSCoR Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research
ESP extrasensory perception
EU European Union
FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration
FDI foreign direct investment
FDIUS Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
FFRDC federally funded research and development center
FS&T federal science and technology
FY fiscal year
G-7 Group of Seven
G-8 Group of Eight
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GDP gross domestic product
GED General Educational Development
GM genetically modified
GPA grade point average
GSP gross state product
GSS General Social Survey
GUF general university fund
HHS U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
HS&B High School and Beyond Study
IB International Baccalaureate
ICT information and communications technologies
IOF involuntary out of the field
IPR intellectual property right
IRI Industrial Research Institute
IRS Internal Revenue Service
ISI Institute for Scientific Information
ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification
IT information technology
MER market exchange rate
MMR measles, mumps, and rubella
MNC multinational corporation
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress
NAGB National Assessment Governing Board
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASF net assignable square feet
NCES National Center for Education Statistics
NCLB No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
NCRA National Cooperative Research Act
NCRPA National Cooperative Research and Production Act
NELS National Education Longitudinal Study
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIOEM National Industry-Occupation Employment Matrix
NIPA national income and product account
NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
NITRD Networking and Information Technology Research and Development
NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative
NRC National Research Council
NS&E natural sciences and engineering
NSB National Science Board
NSCG National Survey of College Graduates
NSF National Science Foundation
NTU National Technological University
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OMB U.S. Office of Management and Budget
PBS Public Broadcasting Service
PCT Patent Cooperation Treaty
PDA personal data assistant
PhRMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
PISA Programme for International Student Assessment
PPP purchasing power parity
PRO public research organization
PTO U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
PUMS Public Use Microdata Sample
R&D research and development
R&E research and experimentation
RA research assistantship
S&E science and engineering
S&T science and technology
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
SCI Science Citation Index
SESTAT Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
SFAS Statement of Financial Accounting Standards
SNA System of National Accounts
SRS Division of Science Resources Statistics
SSCI Social Sciences Citation Index
STEP Science, Technology and Economic Policy Board
STTR Small Business Technology Transfer Program
TA teaching assistantship
TIMMS Trends in International Math and Science Study
UFO unidentified flying object
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USDIA Survey of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
VCU Virginia Commonwealth University
WebCASPAR Integrated Science and Engineering Resources Data System
YSD years since highest degree
National Science Board.