Notes

[10] About 17% of 2001 and 2002 S&E bachelor's degree recipients had previously earned an associate's degree (NSF 2006a).

[11] Data for racial/ethnic groups are for U.S. citizens and permanent residents only.

[12] See the NSF report series Science and Engineering Degrees (http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/degrees/) for longer degree trends and Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2007 (http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/women/) for more detail on enrollments and degrees by sex and by race/ethnicity.

[13] Data for racial/ethnic groups are for U.S. citizens and permanent residents only.

[14] Data for racial/ethnic groups are for U.S. citizens and permanent residents only.

[15] Data on doctorates comes from the NSF Survey of Earned Doctorates, which collects data on research doctorates only (i.e., doctorates that require original research and typically entail writing a dissertation). The survey does not collect data on professional degrees (e.g., M.D., D.D.S., J.D., Psy.D., and D.Min.). For the most recent data available, including data by detailed field and data on math and science education doctorates, see http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/doctorates/.

[16] See the NSF report series Science and Engineering Degrees (http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/degrees/) for longer degree trends and Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2007 (http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/women/) for more detail on enrollments and degrees by sex and by race/ethnicity.

[17] The number of doctoral S&E degrees earned by students in Chinese universities continued to increase throughout this period, from 125 in 1985 to 14,858 in 2004.

[18] For more information about the distribution of postdoc positions according to sex, see Women, Minorities, and Persons with Disabilities in Science and Engineering: 2007 at http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/wmpd.