Table 3-16
Labor market rates for recent doctorate recipients 1–3 years after receiving doctorate, by field: 2001, 2003, and 2006
(Percent)
 
  Unemployment rate   Involuntary out-of-field rate
Field   2001   2003   2006   2001   2003   2006
 
All S&E   1.3   2.3   1.3   3.4   3.3   1.3
Engineering   1.8   2.3   1.9   1.7   3.0   1.5
Chemical   1.6   2.1   0.7   2.0   8.9   9.8
Electrical   0.9   2.3   0.3   1.5   0.8   1.0
Mechanical   3.2   5.8   3.0   1.7   2.6   0.0
Life sciences   1.1   2.5   0.9   2.5   1.5   0.3
Agriculture   0.3   3.1   0.0   4.1   2.9   1.7
Biological sciences   1.0   2.6   1.0   2.4   1.3   0.2
Mathematics/computer sciences   0.3   4.2   0.7   2.4   3.6   2.2
Computer sciences   0.4   4.4   1.7   2.3   1.4   2.3
Mathematics   0.3   4.0   0.0   2.4   5.6   2.1
Physical sciences   1.3   0.9   1.6   5.0   3.6   2.3
Chemistry   0.8   1.2   1.9   3.2   4.3   0.9
Geosciences   1.9   1.5   1.9   3.0   0.0   0.0
Physics/astronomy   1.9   0.0   1.0   8.2   4.3   5.9
Social sciences   1.3   2.5   1.2   5.1   5.0   1.5
Economics   2.2   0.3   0.0   2.1   1.9   0.0
Political science   0.8   0.0   0.0   8.7   9.0   0.6
Psychology   1.4   2.8   1.2   3.8   5.2   1.3
Sociology/anthropology   1.2   5.0   2.4   6.3   4.5   4.8
 

NOTES: Two-year institutions not included. Doctorate recipients in health fields included in life sciences for consistency with prior years. Rates of 0.0, like other rates in this table, are rounded estimates and do not preclude possibility that some individuals in that field may be unemployed or working involuntarily out of field.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 2001, 2003, and 2006 (preliminary data for 2006).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008