Table 4-2
Top 10 states in R&D performance, by sector and intensity: 2004
 
 
    All R&Da   Sector ranking   R&D intensity (R&D/GDP ratio)
Rank     State     Amount
(current
$millions)
    Industry     U&C     Federal
intramural and
FFRDCb
    State     R&D/
GDP
(%)
    GDP
(current
$billions)
 
1   California   59,607   California   California   Maryland   New Mexico   8.01   63.9
2   Michigan   16,722   Michigan   New York   California   Maryland   6.26   229.2
3   Massachusetts   15,987   Massachusetts   Texas   New Mexico   Massachusetts   5.17   309.5
4   Maryland   14,341   New Jersey   Maryland   Virginia   Michigan   4.60   363.4
5   Texas   14,266   Texas   Pennsylvania   District of Columbia   Rhode Island   4.36   42.2
6   New York   13,113   Washington   Massachusetts   Massachusetts   Washington   4.33   252.4
7   New Jersey   12,460   New York   Illinois   Illinois   Connecticut   4.29   183.9
8   Illinois   11,300   Illinois   North Carolina   Washington   California   3.93   1,515.5
9   Washington   10,936   Pennsylvania   Michigan   Alabama   New Hampshire   3.22   51.7
10   Pennsylvania   10,813   Connecticut   Ohio   Tennessee   District of Columbia   3.06   77.8
 

FFRDC = federally funded research and development center; GDP = gross domestic product; U&C = universities and colleges

aIncludes in-state total R&D performance of industry, universities, federal agencies, FFRDCs, and federally financed nonprofit R&D.
bIncludes costs associated with administration of intramural and extramural programs by federal personnel and actual intramural R&D performance.

NOTE: Rankings do not account for margin of error of estimates from sample surveys.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, National Patterns of R&D Resources (annual series); and Bureau of Economic Analysis, Gross Domestic Product by State (2006), http://www.bea.gov/regional/gsp, accessed 25 August 2007.
Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008