EU = European Union
NOTES: Technology level of manufacturing industries classified by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development on basis of R&D intensity of output. Value-added revenue excludes purchases of domestic and imported materials and inputs. EU excludes Cyprus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovenia. Asia includes China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, and Thailand. China includes Hong Kong.
SOURCE: Global Insight, Inc., World Industry Service database, special tabulations (15 April 2007). See appendix tables 6-12 and 6-13.
Science and Engineering Indicators 2008