Elementary and Secondary Education

Fourth Grade Mathematics Performance: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (247–242)
  • 2nd quartile
    (241–239)
  • 3rd quartile
    (238–233)
  • 4th quartile
    (232–211)

Quartiles

Fourth grade mathematics performance: 2005
 
1st Quartile
(247–242)
2nd Quartile
(241–239)
3rd Quartile
(238–233)
4th Quartile
(232–211)
 
Connecticut Colorado Alaska Alabama
Idaho Delaware Arkansas Arizona
Kansas Florida Georgia California
Massachusetts Indiana Illinois District of Columbia
Minnesota Iowa Maryland Hawaii
New Hampshire Maine Michigan Kentucky
New Jersey Montana Missouri Louisiana
North Dakota North Carolina Nebraska Mississippi
Ohio Pennsylvania New York Nevada
South Dakota Utah Oklahoma New Mexico
Texas Virginia Oregon Tennessee
Vermont Wisconsin Rhode Island West Virginia
Washington   South Carolina  
Wyoming      
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 237, a significant increase from 224 in 2000.
  • For the 41 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2005 mathematics assessments, the average score for public school fourth graders showed a statistically significant increase between 2000 and 2005. Only the District of Columbia reported a 2005 average score below the 2000 national average of 224.
  • The entire fourth grade student sample, including students performing at the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles, demonstrated statistically significant gains in mathematics scores between 2000 and 2005.
  • The gaps in mathematics scores between white fourth graders and black or Hispanic fourth graders narrowed between 2000 and 2005. The fourth grade gender gap in mathematics scores, although much smaller, decreased slightly between 2000 and 2005.

Description

This indicator reports each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. High scores indicate that fourth graders are demonstrating a solid foundation for adult mathematics competency. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized assessment of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2005. Student performance is described in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500.

Several recent changes to the NAEP methodology affect yearly comparisons. Beginning in 2002, NAEP obtained a national sample by aggregating the samples from each state rather than by selecting it independently; the increased national sample size makes smaller differences statistically significant. In 2005, NAEP included in the definition of the national sample all international Department of Defense schools.

NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-1
Fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
(Score)
 
State 2000 2003 2005
 
United States 224 234 237
Alabama 217 223 225
Alaska NA 233 236
Arizona 219 229 230
Arkansas 216 229 236
California 213 227 230
Colorado NA 235 239
Connecticut 234 241 242
Delaware NA 236 240
District of Columbia 192 205 211
Florida NA 234 239
Georgia 219 230 234
Hawaii 216 227 230
Idaho 224 235 242
Illinois 223 233 233
Indiana 233 238 240
Iowa 231 238 240
Kansas 232 242 246
Kentucky 219 229 231
Louisiana 218 226 230
Maine 230 238 241
Maryland 222 233 238
Massachusetts 233 242 247
Michigan 229 236 238
Minnesota 234 242 246
Mississippi 211 223 227
Missouri 228 235 235
Montana 228 236 241
Nebraska 225 236 238
Nevada 220 228 230
New Hampshire NA 243 246
New Jersey NA 239 244
New Mexico 213 223 224
New York 225 236 238
North Carolina 230 242 241
North Dakota 230 238 243
Ohio 230 238 242
Oklahoma 224 229 234
Oregon 224 236 238
Pennsylvania NA 236 241
Rhode Island 224 230 233
South Carolina 220 236 238
South Dakota NA 237 242
Tennessee 220 228 232
Texas 231 237 242
Utah 227 235 239
Vermont 232 242 244
Virginia 230 239 240
Washington NA 238 242
West Virginia 223 231 231
Wisconsin NA 237 241
Wyoming 229 241 243
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (247–242)
  • 2nd quartile
    (241–239)
  • 3rd quartile
    (238–233)
  • 4th quartile
    (232–211)

Quartiles

Fourth grade mathematics performance: 2005
 
1st Quartile
(247–242)
2nd Quartile
(241–239)
3rd Quartile
(238–233)
4th Quartile
(232–211)
 
Connecticut Colorado Alaska Alabama
Idaho Delaware Arkansas Arizona
Kansas Florida Georgia California
Massachusetts Indiana Illinois District of Columbia
Minnesota Iowa Maryland Hawaii
New Hampshire Maine Michigan Kentucky
New Jersey Montana Missouri Louisiana
North Dakota North Carolina Nebraska Mississippi
Ohio Pennsylvania New York Nevada
South Dakota Utah Oklahoma New Mexico
Texas Virginia Oregon Tennessee
Vermont Wisconsin Rhode Island West Virginia
Washington   South Carolina  
Wyoming      
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 237, a significant increase from 224 in 2000.
  • For the 41 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2005 mathematics assessments, the average score for public school fourth graders showed a statistically significant increase between 2000 and 2005. Only the District of Columbia reported a 2005 average score below the 2000 national average of 224.
  • The entire fourth grade student sample, including students performing at the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles, demonstrated statistically significant gains in mathematics scores between 2000 and 2005.
  • The gaps in mathematics scores between white fourth graders and black or Hispanic fourth graders narrowed between 2000 and 2005. The fourth grade gender gap in mathematics scores, although much smaller, decreased slightly between 2000 and 2005.

Description

This indicator reports each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. High scores indicate that fourth graders are demonstrating a solid foundation for adult mathematics competency. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized assessment of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2005. Student performance is described in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500.

Several recent changes to the NAEP methodology affect yearly comparisons. Beginning in 2002, NAEP obtained a national sample by aggregating the samples from each state rather than by selecting it independently; the increased national sample size makes smaller differences statistically significant. In 2005, NAEP included in the definition of the national sample all international Department of Defense schools.

NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-1
Fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
(Score)
 
State 2000 2003 2005
 
United States 224 234 237
Alabama 217 223 225
Alaska NA 233 236
Arizona 219 229 230
Arkansas 216 229 236
California 213 227 230
Colorado NA 235 239
Connecticut 234 241 242
Delaware NA 236 240
District of Columbia 192 205 211
Florida NA 234 239
Georgia 219 230 234
Hawaii 216 227 230
Idaho 224 235 242
Illinois 223 233 233
Indiana 233 238 240
Iowa 231 238 240
Kansas 232 242 246
Kentucky 219 229 231
Louisiana 218 226 230
Maine 230 238 241
Maryland 222 233 238
Massachusetts 233 242 247
Michigan 229 236 238
Minnesota 234 242 246
Mississippi 211 223 227
Missouri 228 235 235
Montana 228 236 241
Nebraska 225 236 238
Nevada 220 228 230
New Hampshire NA 243 246
New Jersey NA 239 244
New Mexico 213 223 224
New York 225 236 238
North Carolina 230 242 241
North Dakota 230 238 243
Ohio 230 238 242
Oklahoma 224 229 234
Oregon 224 236 238
Pennsylvania NA 236 241
Rhode Island 224 230 233
South Carolina 220 236 238
South Dakota NA 237 242
Tennessee 220 228 232
Texas 231 237 242
Utah 227 235 239
Vermont 232 242 244
Virginia 230 239 240
Washington NA 238 242
West Virginia 223 231 231
Wisconsin NA 237 241
Wyoming 229 241 243
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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