Elementary and Secondary Education

Share of Public High School Students Taking Advanced Placement Exams: 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (36.4%–27.2%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (27.0%–19.4%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (19.2%–15.8%)
  • 4th quartile
    (15.1%–5.1%)

Quartiles

Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams: 2006
 
1st Quartile
(36.4%–27.2%)
2nd Quartile
(27.0%–19.4%)
3rd Quartile
(19.2%–15.8%)
4th Quartile
(15.1%–5.1%)
 
Arkansas Alaska Arizona Alabama
California Connecticut Hawaii Iowa
Colorado Illinois Idaho Kansas
Delaware Maine Indiana Louisiana
District of Columbia Nevada Kentucky Mississippi
Florida New Hampshire Michigan Missouri
Georgia New Jersey Minnesota Montana
Maryland Oklahoma New Mexico Nebraska
Massachusetts South Carolina Ohio North Dakota
New York Texas Oregon Rhode Island
North Carolina Vermont Pennsylvania West Virginia
Utah Washington South Dakota Wyoming
Virginia Wisconsin Tennessee  
 
SOURCE: College Board, Advanced Placement Report to the Nation (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • Nationwide, the percent of public school students who took an AP Exam rose from 15.9% of the class of 2000 to 24.2% of the class of 2006.
  • The percentage of public school students taking an AP Exam varied greatly among states and ranged from 5.1% to 36.4% of the class of 2006. Thirty-five states and the District of Columbia exceeded the 2000 national average in 2006, compared with 15 states and the District of Columbia that exceeded the national average in 2000.
  • AP participation levels were higher for all jurisdictions in 2006 than in 2000. Arkansas and the District of Columbia showed the largest increases; class of 2006 members in these jurisdictions exceeded the participation of the class of 2000 by 22.5 and 16.4 percentage points, respectively.

Description

Participation in the Advanced Placement (AP) program provides a measure of the extent to which a rigorous curriculum is available to and utilized by high school students. This indicator measures the percentage of students in the graduating class who have taken one or more AP Exams. It is calculated by dividing the number of students in the graduating class who have taken at least one AP Exam by the total number of students in the graduating class.

Throughout the United States, more than 660,000 public school students from the class of 2006 took nearly 1.7 million AP Exams during their high school careers. Generally, students who take AP Exams have completed a rigorous course of study in a specific subject area in high school with the expectation of obtaining college credit or advanced placement. AP Exams were taken most frequently in U.S. history, English literature and composition, English language and composition, calculus AB, and U.S. government and politics. In the 50 states and the District of Columbia, 12,037 public schools participated in the AP program in 2006. This represented over 65% of the public schools in the United States that offer a secondary curriculum. These schools make available an average of eight different AP courses to their students.

Data Table

Table 8-12
Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams, by state: 2000, 2004, and 2006
(Percent)
 
State 2000 2004 2006
 
United States 15.9 20.9 24.2
Alabama 7.2 8.8 10.2
Alaska 15.4 16.7 20.0
Arizona 11.3 12.9 15.8
Arkansas 8.1 13.0 30.6
California 22.2 28.5 31.3
Colorado 18.6 25.3 28.9
Connecticut 19.1 24.6 26.7
Delaware 13.3 19.6 27.7
District of Columbia 17.3 23.1 33.7
Florida 22.7 33.5 36.4
Georgia 17.2 21.5 27.2
Hawaii 10.6 14.8 15.9
Idaho 9.6 12.5 16.0
Illinois 13.4 18.6 21.7
Indiana 11.9 15.5 18.8
Iowa 6.9 10.0 11.8
Kansas 7.0 9.2 12.2
Kentucky 10.6 15.5 18.9
Louisiana 3.2 5.0 5.1
Maine 14.8 19.9 23.6
Maryland 20.2 29.2 33.5
Massachusetts 19.6 25.3 27.7
Michigan 13.9 16.8 18.7
Minnesota 13.4 16.4 19.2
Mississippi 5.6 7.0 10.6
Missouri 5.5 8.1 9.8
Montana 10.1 13.0 15.1
Nebraska 5.0 6.3 9.3
Nevada 15.1 19.8 23.1
New Hampshire 13.3 16.0 19.4
New Jersey 17.9 21.3 23.5
New Mexico 11.1 17.0 19.1
New York 27.3 32.4 35.4
North Carolina 19.7 26.9 31.7
North Dakota 5.9 8.4 9.6
Ohio 11.3 15.2 17.2
Oklahoma 9.5 17.0 20.4
Oregon 10.5 13.6 17.0
Pennsylvania 12.4 14.9 16.6
Rhode Island 10.7 12.1 13.0
South Carolina 17.7 19.2 22.0
South Dakota 9.6 13.5 15.8
Tennessee 10.4 13.6 16.8
Texas 16.6 23.2 27.0
Utah 24.5 27.6 30.6
Vermont 16.6 21.2 24.8
Virginia 25.0 28.1 32.9
Washington 11.5 18.5 23.5
West Virginia 8.4 13.0 13.6
Wisconsin 15.2 20.0 23.0
Wyoming 6.1 11.2 13.2
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTE: National average for United States is reported value in Advanced Placement Report to the Nation.

SOURCE: College Board, Advanced Placement Report to the Nation (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (36.4%–27.2%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (27.0%–19.4%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (19.2%–15.8%)
  • 4th quartile
    (15.1%–5.1%)

Quartiles

Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams: 2006
 
1st Quartile
(36.4%–27.2%)
2nd Quartile
(27.0%–19.4%)
3rd Quartile
(19.2%–15.8%)
4th Quartile
(15.1%–5.1%)
 
Arkansas Alaska Arizona Alabama
California Connecticut Hawaii Iowa
Colorado Illinois Idaho Kansas
Delaware Maine Indiana Louisiana
District of Columbia Nevada Kentucky Mississippi
Florida New Hampshire Michigan Missouri
Georgia New Jersey Minnesota Montana
Maryland Oklahoma New Mexico Nebraska
Massachusetts South Carolina Ohio North Dakota
New York Texas Oregon Rhode Island
North Carolina Vermont Pennsylvania West Virginia
Utah Washington South Dakota Wyoming
Virginia Wisconsin Tennessee  
 
SOURCE: College Board, Advanced Placement Report to the Nation (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • Nationwide, the percent of public school students who took an AP Exam rose from 15.9% of the class of 2000 to 24.2% of the class of 2006.
  • The percentage of public school students taking an AP Exam varied greatly among states and ranged from 5.1% to 36.4% of the class of 2006. Thirty-five states and the District of Columbia exceeded the 2000 national average in 2006, compared with 15 states and the District of Columbia that exceeded the national average in 2000.
  • AP participation levels were higher for all jurisdictions in 2006 than in 2000. Arkansas and the District of Columbia showed the largest increases; class of 2006 members in these jurisdictions exceeded the participation of the class of 2000 by 22.5 and 16.4 percentage points, respectively.

Description

Participation in the Advanced Placement (AP) program provides a measure of the extent to which a rigorous curriculum is available to and utilized by high school students. This indicator measures the percentage of students in the graduating class who have taken one or more AP Exams. It is calculated by dividing the number of students in the graduating class who have taken at least one AP Exam by the total number of students in the graduating class.

Throughout the United States, more than 660,000 public school students from the class of 2006 took nearly 1.7 million AP Exams during their high school careers. Generally, students who take AP Exams have completed a rigorous course of study in a specific subject area in high school with the expectation of obtaining college credit or advanced placement. AP Exams were taken most frequently in U.S. history, English literature and composition, English language and composition, calculus AB, and U.S. government and politics. In the 50 states and the District of Columbia, 12,037 public schools participated in the AP program in 2006. This represented over 65% of the public schools in the United States that offer a secondary curriculum. These schools make available an average of eight different AP courses to their students.

Data Table

Table 8-12
Share of public high school students taking Advanced Placement Exams, by state: 2000, 2004, and 2006
(Percent)
 
State 2000 2004 2006
 
United States 15.9 20.9 24.2
Alabama 7.2 8.8 10.2
Alaska 15.4 16.7 20.0
Arizona 11.3 12.9 15.8
Arkansas 8.1 13.0 30.6
California 22.2 28.5 31.3
Colorado 18.6 25.3 28.9
Connecticut 19.1 24.6 26.7
Delaware 13.3 19.6 27.7
District of Columbia 17.3 23.1 33.7
Florida 22.7 33.5 36.4
Georgia 17.2 21.5 27.2
Hawaii 10.6 14.8 15.9
Idaho 9.6 12.5 16.0
Illinois 13.4 18.6 21.7
Indiana 11.9 15.5 18.8
Iowa 6.9 10.0 11.8
Kansas 7.0 9.2 12.2
Kentucky 10.6 15.5 18.9
Louisiana 3.2 5.0 5.1
Maine 14.8 19.9 23.6
Maryland 20.2 29.2 33.5
Massachusetts 19.6 25.3 27.7
Michigan 13.9 16.8 18.7
Minnesota 13.4 16.4 19.2
Mississippi 5.6 7.0 10.6
Missouri 5.5 8.1 9.8
Montana 10.1 13.0 15.1
Nebraska 5.0 6.3 9.3
Nevada 15.1 19.8 23.1
New Hampshire 13.3 16.0 19.4
New Jersey 17.9 21.3 23.5
New Mexico 11.1 17.0 19.1
New York 27.3 32.4 35.4
North Carolina 19.7 26.9 31.7
North Dakota 5.9 8.4 9.6
Ohio 11.3 15.2 17.2
Oklahoma 9.5 17.0 20.4
Oregon 10.5 13.6 17.0
Pennsylvania 12.4 14.9 16.6
Rhode Island 10.7 12.1 13.0
South Carolina 17.7 19.2 22.0
South Dakota 9.6 13.5 15.8
Tennessee 10.4 13.6 16.8
Texas 16.6 23.2 27.0
Utah 24.5 27.6 30.6
Vermont 16.6 21.2 24.8
Virginia 25.0 28.1 32.9
Washington 11.5 18.5 23.5
West Virginia 8.4 13.0 13.6
Wisconsin 15.2 20.0 23.0
Wyoming 6.1 11.2 13.2
 
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTE: National average for United States is reported value in Advanced Placement Report to the Nation.

SOURCE: College Board, Advanced Placement Report to the Nation (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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