Higher Education

Bachelor's Degrees in Natural Sciences and Engineering Conferred per 1,000 Individuals 18–24 Years Old: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (18.6–9.9)
  • 2nd quartile
    (9.8–8.2)
  • 3rd quartile
    (8.1–6.9)
  • 4th quartile
    (6.8–3.1)

Quartiles

Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(18.6–9.9)
2nd Quartile
(9.8–8.2)
3rd Quartile
(8.1–6.9)
4th Quartile
(6.8–3.1)
 
Arizona Delaware Alabama Alaska
Colorado Indiana California Arkansas
District of Columbia Kansas Idaho Connecticut
Iowa Maine Illinois Florida
Maryland Michigan Louisiana Georgia
Massachusetts Minnesota New Jersey Hawaii
Montana Missouri Ohio Kentucky
North Dakota Nebraska Oklahoma Mississippi
Pennsylvania New Hampshire Oregon Nevada
Rhode Island New York South Carolina New Mexico
South Dakota North Carolina Washington Tennessee
Vermont Utah West Virginia Texas
Wisconsin Virginia Wyoming  
 
SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; and Population Estimates Program (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • During the past decade, the value of this indicator has remained unchanged at 7.9 NS&E bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 18–24-year-olds.
  • The percentage of NS&E bachelor's degrees among all bachelor's degrees conferred declined slightly from 16.8% in 1996 to 16.4% in 2005.
  • The value of this indicator ranged from 3.1 to 14.9 for individual states. However, the District of Columbia had a value of 18.6, reflecting a large concentration of academic institutions relative to the size of the resident population.
  • The value for this indicator has decreased in 21 states and the District of Columbia over the past decade.
  • State rankings were generally in the same quartile for this indicator as for the number of bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 18–24-year-olds.

Description

Natural sciences and engineering (NS&E) fields include physical, earth, ocean, atmospheric, biological, agricultural, and computer sciences; mathematics; and engineering but exclude social sciences and psychology. The ratio of new NS&E bachelor's degrees to the 18–24-year-old population indicates the extent to which a state prepares young people to enter the types of technology-intensive occupations that are fundamental to a knowledge-based, technology-driven economy. The capacity to produce NS&E degrees also may generate resources for the state. The 18–24-year-old cohort was chosen to approximate the age range of most students who are pursing an undergraduate degree.

Although the number of NS&E bachelor's degrees awarded is based on an actual count, the population of 18–24-year-olds is an estimate developed by the Census Bureau in the Population Estimates Program, which relies on the Decennial Census. This estimate may make the value of this indicator imprecise for jurisdictions with small populations.

A high value for this indicator may suggest relative success in providing a technical undergraduate education. Student and graduate mobility after graduation, however, may make this indicator less meaningful in predicting the qualifications of a state's future workforce. The indicator's value may also be high when a higher education system draws a large percentage of out-of-state students to study in NS&E fields, a situation that sometimes occurs in states with small resident populations and the District of Columbia.

Data Table

Table 8-16
Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  NS&E bachelor's degrees   Population 18–24 years old   Degrees/1,000 individuals
18–24 years old
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 196,433 208,494 232,707   24,842,610 27,998,931 29,333,266   7.9 7.4 7.9
Alabama 3,635 3,596 3,424   437,421 448,725 448,894   8.3 8.0 7.6
Alaska 293 230 248   64,682 60,394 70,429   4.5 3.8 3.5
Arizona 2,846 3,004 6,028   417,142 536,708 576,725   6.8 5.6 10.5
Arkansas 1,408 1,492 1,630   247,651 268,747 270,471   5.7 5.6 6.0
California 20,744 22,180 25,702   2,982,515 3,487,649 3,726,736   7.0 6.4 6.9
Colorado 4,443 4,592 5,107   354,247 449,661 459,040   12.5 10.2 11.1
Connecticut 2,055 1,902 2,116   261,580 282,433 313,202   7.9 6.7 6.8
Delaware 674 682 689   65,107 78,501 83,016   10.4 8.7 8.3
District of Columbia 1,314 1,685 1,304   45,801 72,372 70,265   28.7 23.3 18.6
Florida 6,462 7,422 8,525   1,168,986 1,399,219 1,572,959   5.5 5.3 5.4
Georgia 4,565 5,025 5,943   728,478 865,538 903,396   6.3 5.8 6.6
Hawaii 615 670 724   116,166 118,324 123,584   5.3 5.7 5.9
Idaho 890 900 1,210   130,028 144,632 149,739   6.8 6.2 8.1
Illinois 8,339 9,216 9,667   1,111,306 1,242,578 1,274,718   7.5 7.4 7.6
Indiana 5,095 4,953 5,797   571,520 627,241 623,312   8.9 7.9 9.3
Iowa 2,888 3,055 3,199   269,324 302,946 311,451   10.7 10.1 10.3
Kansas 2,329 2,536 2,596   249,744 281,504 292,984   9.3 9.0 8.9
Kentucky 2,195 2,132 2,290   397,201 409,650 395,618   5.5 5.2 5.8
Louisiana 3,078 3,480 3,539   459,805 484,149 490,354   6.7 7.2 7.2
Maine 970 1,060 1,136   110,955 108,029 117,048   8.7 9.8 9.7
Maryland 4,086 4,737 5,845   427,478 473,697 526,277   9.6 10.0 11.1
Massachusetts 7,207 7,209 7,613   511,122 593,001 625,908   14.1 12.2 12.2
Michigan 8,342 8,344 9,096   921,950 957,339 986,126   9.0 8.7 9.2
Minnesota 3,719 4,009 4,652   418,324 486,487 516,133   8.9 8.2 9.0
Mississippi 1,714 1,755 1,630   299,031 316,573 311,137   5.7 5.5 5.2
Missouri 4,218 4,891 5,238   495,615 552,843 572,472   8.5 8.8 9.1
Montana 1,014 1,171 1,127   85,538 88,639 94,488   11.9 13.2 11.9
Nebraska 1,395 1,495 1,631   161,398 178,383 188,583   8.6 8.4 8.6
Nevada 493 527 653   133,106 189,705 207,871   3.7 2.8 3.1
New Hampshire 1,241 1,198 1,130   94,357 108,106 121,124   13.2 11.1 9.3
New Jersey 4,426 5,199 5,354   668,453 696,100 747,332   6.6 7.5 7.2
New Mexico 1,135 1,140 1,276   169,870 186,485 205,017   6.7 6.1 6.2
New York 14,026 15,153 16,686   1,602,205 1,820,985 1,919,224   8.8 8.3 8.7
North Carolina 6,236 6,183 6,773   699,477 816,974 822,150   8.9 7.6 8.2
North Dakota 821 798 913   66,272 74,916 80,276   12.4 10.7 11.4
Ohio 7,594 7,754 8,086   1,052,052 1,081,211 1,112,156   7.2 7.2 7.3
Oklahoma 2,182 2,491 2,580   328,471 367,634 375,095   6.6 6.8 6.9
Oregon 1,974 2,371 2,753   287,641 337,895 341,623   6.9 7.0 8.1
Pennsylvania 11,281 12,049 13,819   1,039,419 1,121,633 1,191,907   10.9 10.7 11.6
Rhode Island 1,229 1,202 1,730   84,855 109,933 116,201   14.5 10.9 14.9
South Carolina 2,711 2,795 3,062   381,672 418,585 420,351   7.1 6.7 7.3
South Dakota 988 939 1,090   73,421 79,589 83,635   13.5 11.8 13.0
Tennessee 3,511 3,281 3,528   510,638 563,333 557,703   6.9 5.8 6.3
Texas 11,390 11,798 13,681   1,947,117 2,280,525 2,421,692   5.8 5.2 5.6
Utah 2,606 2,797 3,184   265,713 329,723 326,302   9.8 8.5 9.8
Vermont 720 846 865   51,912 58,647 62,424   13.9 14.4 13.9
Virginia 5,564 5,978 6,187   649,086 697,925 737,118   8.6 8.6 8.4
Washington 3,503 3,861 4,426   505,840 581,479 605,063   6.9 6.6 7.3
West Virginia 1,248 1,296 1,288   186,316 174,936 167,236   6.7 7.4 7.7
Wisconsin 4,609 5,004 5,559   483,384 535,174 562,611   9.5 9.4 9.9
Wyoming 412 411 378   51,218 51,476 54,090   8.0 8.0 7.0
                       
Puerto Rico 2,586 3,054 2,848   NA 426,194 411,575   NA 7.2 6.9
 

NA = not available

NS&E = natural sciences and engineering

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; and Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (18.6–9.9)
  • 2nd quartile
    (9.8–8.2)
  • 3rd quartile
    (8.1–6.9)
  • 4th quartile
    (6.8–3.1)

Quartiles

Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(18.6–9.9)
2nd Quartile
(9.8–8.2)
3rd Quartile
(8.1–6.9)
4th Quartile
(6.8–3.1)
 
Arizona Delaware Alabama Alaska
Colorado Indiana California Arkansas
District of Columbia Kansas Idaho Connecticut
Iowa Maine Illinois Florida
Maryland Michigan Louisiana Georgia
Massachusetts Minnesota New Jersey Hawaii
Montana Missouri Ohio Kentucky
North Dakota Nebraska Oklahoma Mississippi
Pennsylvania New Hampshire Oregon Nevada
Rhode Island New York South Carolina New Mexico
South Dakota North Carolina Washington Tennessee
Vermont Utah West Virginia Texas
Wisconsin Virginia Wyoming  
 
SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; and Population Estimates Program (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • During the past decade, the value of this indicator has remained unchanged at 7.9 NS&E bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 18–24-year-olds.
  • The percentage of NS&E bachelor's degrees among all bachelor's degrees conferred declined slightly from 16.8% in 1996 to 16.4% in 2005.
  • The value of this indicator ranged from 3.1 to 14.9 for individual states. However, the District of Columbia had a value of 18.6, reflecting a large concentration of academic institutions relative to the size of the resident population.
  • The value for this indicator has decreased in 21 states and the District of Columbia over the past decade.
  • State rankings were generally in the same quartile for this indicator as for the number of bachelor's degrees conferred per 1,000 18–24-year-olds.

Description

Natural sciences and engineering (NS&E) fields include physical, earth, ocean, atmospheric, biological, agricultural, and computer sciences; mathematics; and engineering but exclude social sciences and psychology. The ratio of new NS&E bachelor's degrees to the 18–24-year-old population indicates the extent to which a state prepares young people to enter the types of technology-intensive occupations that are fundamental to a knowledge-based, technology-driven economy. The capacity to produce NS&E degrees also may generate resources for the state. The 18–24-year-old cohort was chosen to approximate the age range of most students who are pursing an undergraduate degree.

Although the number of NS&E bachelor's degrees awarded is based on an actual count, the population of 18–24-year-olds is an estimate developed by the Census Bureau in the Population Estimates Program, which relies on the Decennial Census. This estimate may make the value of this indicator imprecise for jurisdictions with small populations.

A high value for this indicator may suggest relative success in providing a technical undergraduate education. Student and graduate mobility after graduation, however, may make this indicator less meaningful in predicting the qualifications of a state's future workforce. The indicator's value may also be high when a higher education system draws a large percentage of out-of-state students to study in NS&E fields, a situation that sometimes occurs in states with small resident populations and the District of Columbia.

Data Table

Table 8-16
Bachelor's degrees in natural sciences and engineering conferred per 1,000 individuals 18–24 years old, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  NS&E bachelor's degrees   Population 18–24 years old   Degrees/1,000 individuals
18–24 years old
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 196,433 208,494 232,707   24,842,610 27,998,931 29,333,266   7.9 7.4 7.9
Alabama 3,635 3,596 3,424   437,421 448,725 448,894   8.3 8.0 7.6
Alaska 293 230 248   64,682 60,394 70,429   4.5 3.8 3.5
Arizona 2,846 3,004 6,028   417,142 536,708 576,725   6.8 5.6 10.5
Arkansas 1,408 1,492 1,630   247,651 268,747 270,471   5.7 5.6 6.0
California 20,744 22,180 25,702   2,982,515 3,487,649 3,726,736   7.0 6.4 6.9
Colorado 4,443 4,592 5,107   354,247 449,661 459,040   12.5 10.2 11.1
Connecticut 2,055 1,902 2,116   261,580 282,433 313,202   7.9 6.7 6.8
Delaware 674 682 689   65,107 78,501 83,016   10.4 8.7 8.3
District of Columbia 1,314 1,685 1,304   45,801 72,372 70,265   28.7 23.3 18.6
Florida 6,462 7,422 8,525   1,168,986 1,399,219 1,572,959   5.5 5.3 5.4
Georgia 4,565 5,025 5,943   728,478 865,538 903,396   6.3 5.8 6.6
Hawaii 615 670 724   116,166 118,324 123,584   5.3 5.7 5.9
Idaho 890 900 1,210   130,028 144,632 149,739   6.8 6.2 8.1
Illinois 8,339 9,216 9,667   1,111,306 1,242,578 1,274,718   7.5 7.4 7.6
Indiana 5,095 4,953 5,797   571,520 627,241 623,312   8.9 7.9 9.3
Iowa 2,888 3,055 3,199   269,324 302,946 311,451   10.7 10.1 10.3
Kansas 2,329 2,536 2,596   249,744 281,504 292,984   9.3 9.0 8.9
Kentucky 2,195 2,132 2,290   397,201 409,650 395,618   5.5 5.2 5.8
Louisiana 3,078 3,480 3,539   459,805 484,149 490,354   6.7 7.2 7.2
Maine 970 1,060 1,136   110,955 108,029 117,048   8.7 9.8 9.7
Maryland 4,086 4,737 5,845   427,478 473,697 526,277   9.6 10.0 11.1
Massachusetts 7,207 7,209 7,613   511,122 593,001 625,908   14.1 12.2 12.2
Michigan 8,342 8,344 9,096   921,950 957,339 986,126   9.0 8.7 9.2
Minnesota 3,719 4,009 4,652   418,324 486,487 516,133   8.9 8.2 9.0
Mississippi 1,714 1,755 1,630   299,031 316,573 311,137   5.7 5.5 5.2
Missouri 4,218 4,891 5,238   495,615 552,843 572,472   8.5 8.8 9.1
Montana 1,014 1,171 1,127   85,538 88,639 94,488   11.9 13.2 11.9
Nebraska 1,395 1,495 1,631   161,398 178,383 188,583   8.6 8.4 8.6
Nevada 493 527 653   133,106 189,705 207,871   3.7 2.8 3.1
New Hampshire 1,241 1,198 1,130   94,357 108,106 121,124   13.2 11.1 9.3
New Jersey 4,426 5,199 5,354   668,453 696,100 747,332   6.6 7.5 7.2
New Mexico 1,135 1,140 1,276   169,870 186,485 205,017   6.7 6.1 6.2
New York 14,026 15,153 16,686   1,602,205 1,820,985 1,919,224   8.8 8.3 8.7
North Carolina 6,236 6,183 6,773   699,477 816,974 822,150   8.9 7.6 8.2
North Dakota 821 798 913   66,272 74,916 80,276   12.4 10.7 11.4
Ohio 7,594 7,754 8,086   1,052,052 1,081,211 1,112,156   7.2 7.2 7.3
Oklahoma 2,182 2,491 2,580   328,471 367,634 375,095   6.6 6.8 6.9
Oregon 1,974 2,371 2,753   287,641 337,895 341,623   6.9 7.0 8.1
Pennsylvania 11,281 12,049 13,819   1,039,419 1,121,633 1,191,907   10.9 10.7 11.6
Rhode Island 1,229 1,202 1,730   84,855 109,933 116,201   14.5 10.9 14.9
South Carolina 2,711 2,795 3,062   381,672 418,585 420,351   7.1 6.7 7.3
South Dakota 988 939 1,090   73,421 79,589 83,635   13.5 11.8 13.0
Tennessee 3,511 3,281 3,528   510,638 563,333 557,703   6.9 5.8 6.3
Texas 11,390 11,798 13,681   1,947,117 2,280,525 2,421,692   5.8 5.2 5.6
Utah 2,606 2,797 3,184   265,713 329,723 326,302   9.8 8.5 9.8
Vermont 720 846 865   51,912 58,647 62,424   13.9 14.4 13.9
Virginia 5,564 5,978 6,187   649,086 697,925 737,118   8.6 8.6 8.4
Washington 3,503 3,861 4,426   505,840 581,479 605,063   6.9 6.6 7.3
West Virginia 1,248 1,296 1,288   186,316 174,936 167,236   6.7 7.4 7.7
Wisconsin 4,609 5,004 5,559   483,384 535,174 562,611   9.5 9.4 9.9
Wyoming 412 411 378   51,218 51,476 54,090   8.0 8.0 7.0
                       
Puerto Rico 2,586 3,054 2,848   NA 426,194 411,575   NA 7.2 6.9
 

NA = not available

NS&E = natural sciences and engineering

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years); Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; and Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
Right-click on image to save.