Higher Education

S&E Degrees as Share of Higher Education Degrees Conferred: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (40.8%–33.3%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (32.9%–29.2%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (28.9%–26.3%)
  • 4th quartile
    (25.8%–18.2%)

Quartiles

S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred: 2005
 
1st quartile
(40.8%–33.3%)
2nd Quartile
(32.9%–29.2%)
3rd Quartile
(28.9%–26.3%)
4th Quartile
(25.8%–18.2%)
 
California Alaska Delaware Alabama
Colorado Connecticut Florida Arizona
District of Columbia Georgia Idaho Arkansas
Hawaii Maine Illinois Kentucky
Maryland New Hampshire Indiana Mississippi
Massachusetts New Mexico Iowa Missouri
Montana New York Kansas Nebraska
New Jersey North Carolina Louisiana North Dakota
Oregon Pennsylvania Michigan Ohio
Utah Rhode Island Minnesota Tennessee
Vermont South Dakota Nevada West Virginia
Virginia Washington Oklahoma  
Wyoming Wisconsin South Carolina  
    Texas  
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, more than 609,000 S&E bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees were conferred nationwide, an increase of 21% during the past decade.
  • Overall, there has been a slight decline in the number of S&E degrees as a share of total degrees conferred from 31.0% in 1996 to 29.9% in 2005.
  • States place different emphases on technical higher education. In some states, nearly 40% of their degrees are awarded in S&E fields; in others approximately 20% of their degrees are awarded in these fields.
  • State emphasis on S&E education remained relatively constant over the decade; notable exceptions are increases in Hawaii and Maryland and decreases in Wyoming and Arizona.
  • The District of Columbia has a high value of 41% because of the large S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration at several of its academic institutions.

Description

This indicator is a measure of the extent to which a state's higher education programs are concentrated in S&E fields. The indicator is expressed as the percentage of higher education degrees that were conferred in S&E fields. High values for this indicator are from states that emphasize S&E fields in their higher education systems.

S&E fields include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. For both S&E degrees and higher education degrees conferred, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees are included; associate's degrees are excluded. Geographic location refers to the location of the degree-granting institution and does not reflect the state where students permanently reside. The year is the latter date of the academic year. For example, data for 2005 represent degrees conferred during the 2004–05 academic year.

Data Table

Table 8-17
S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  S&E degrees   All higher education degrees   S&E/higher education
degrees (%)
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 502,046 519,446 609,114   1,617,096 1,750,369 2,036,215   31.0 29.7 29.9
Alabama 6,975 7,426 7,951   27,139 29,302 31,951   25.7 25.3 24.9
Alaska 670 604 676   1,999 1,776 2,107   33.5 34.0 32.1
Arizona 6,655 6,565 10,968   27,922 40,468 60,188   23.8 16.2 18.2
Arkansas 2,774 2,844 3,306   11,239 12,058 14,303   24.7 23.6 23.1
California 58,551 62,752 75,803   152,162 167,200 197,839   38.5 37.5 38.3
Colorado 11,073 11,696 13,189   27,577 30,390 35,346   40.2 38.5 37.3
Connecticut 6,976 6,929 8,154   21,205 22,479 26,378   32.9 30.8 30.9
Delaware 1,894 1,861 2,158   5,739 6,116 7,455   33.0 30.4 28.9
District of Columbia 6,675 6,856 7,477   15,872 15,939 18,307   42.1 43.0 40.8
Florida 17,289 18,561 23,974   63,271 69,121 84,841   27.3 26.9 28.3
Georgia 10,572 11,489 14,394   37,426 39,537 48,691   28.2 29.1 29.6
Hawaii 1,942 2,131 2,349   6,419 6,461 7,031   30.3 33.0 33.4
Idaho 1,722 1,756 2,360   5,686 5,809 8,969   30.3 30.2 26.3
Illinois 21,551 23,370 25,927   80,126 86,923 95,634   26.9 26.9 27.1
Indiana 11,882 11,187 13,317   39,319 41,484 48,940   30.2 27.0 27.2
Iowa 6,506 6,389 7,328   21,761 22,680 25,393   29.9 28.2 28.9
Kansas 5,332 5,660 6,139   20,246 20,705 22,791   26.3 27.3 26.9
Kentucky 4,933 5,015 6,085   19,566 20,749 25,138   25.2 24.2 24.2
Louisiana 6,781 6,924 7,773   23,737 26,173 28,398   28.6 26.5 27.4
Maine 2,168 2,236 2,550   6,572 6,659 8,173   33.0 33.6 31.2
Maryland 11,479 12,710 15,608   31,688 34,738 39,918   36.2 36.6 39.1
Massachusetts 22,230 22,825 25,232   65,306 70,333 75,589   34.0 32.5 33.4
Michigan 18,796 18,611 21,249   61,625 68,231 74,695   30.5 27.3 28.4
Minnesota 9,289 9,163 11,199   30,672 31,906 40,897   30.3 28.7 27.4
Mississippi 3,473 3,472 3,577   13,108 14,904 15,931   26.5 23.3 22.5
Missouri 10,319 11,353 12,852   38,843 44,278 52,183   26.6 25.6 24.6
Montana 1,891 2,076 2,254   5,535 6,049 6,416   34.2 34.3 35.1
Nebraska 3,119 3,261 3,836   12,542 14,315 16,421   24.9 22.8 23.4
Nevada 1,178 1,277 1,826   4,448 5,366 6,723   26.5 23.8 27.2
New Hampshire 2,893 2,940 3,316   9,857 9,526 10,755   29.3 30.9 30.8
New Jersey 12,560 13,842 15,667   34,043 37,760 45,515   36.9 36.7 34.4
New Mexico 2,864 2,522 2,860   8,865 8,460 9,718   32.3 29.8 29.4
New York 43,392 44,664 51,555   144,398 153,327 176,746   30.1 29.1 29.2
North Carolina 14,516 14,543 16,664   41,615 45,316 52,136   34.9 32.1 32.0
North Dakota 1,462 1,397 1,539   5,268 5,597 6,454   27.8 25.0 23.8
Ohio 19,333 18,661 20,687   68,153 71,266 80,181   28.4 26.2 25.8
Oklahoma 4,982 5,914 6,286   18,626 21,421 23,921   26.7 27.6 26.3
Oregon 6,153 6,427 7,691   17,582 18,646 22,764   35.0 34.5 33.8
Pennsylvania 25,756 26,717 31,632   83,683 91,693 107,302   30.8 29.1 29.5
Rhode Island 3,243 2,872 3,646   11,089 10,633 12,277   29.2 27.0 29.7
South Carolina 5,893 6,131 6,857   19,889 21,781 24,873   29.6 28.1 27.6
South Dakota 1,990 1,801 2,017   5,757 5,445 6,227   34.6 33.1 32.4
Tennessee 7,813 7,787 8,706   27,572 31,505 34,953   28.3 24.7 24.9
Texas 27,252 28,242 34,716   96,227 103,447 123,473   28.3 27.3 28.1
Utah 6,308 6,101 7,840   18,498 20,346 23,521   34.1 30.0 33.3
Vermont 2,128 2,129 2,493   5,844 6,014 6,543   36.4 35.4 38.1
Virginia 15,376 15,782 17,549   42,580 44,738 50,670   36.1 35.3 34.6
Washington 9,523 9,907 12,020   31,320 31,299 36,531   30.4 31.7 32.9
West Virginia 2,761 2,699 2,945   10,885 11,225 12,520   25.4 24.0 23.5
Wisconsin 10,253 10,538 12,160   34,466 36,614 40,287   29.7 28.8 30.2
Wyoming 900 831 757   2,129 2,161 2,202   42.3 38.5 34.4
                       
Puerto Rico 4,113 5,034 5,031   15,736 18,378 20,855   26.1 27.4 24.1
 

NOTES: S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering. All higher education degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (40.8%–33.3%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (32.9%–29.2%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (28.9%–26.3%)
  • 4th quartile
    (25.8%–18.2%)

Quartiles

S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred: 2005
 
1st quartile
(40.8%–33.3%)
2nd Quartile
(32.9%–29.2%)
3rd Quartile
(28.9%–26.3%)
4th Quartile
(25.8%–18.2%)
 
California Alaska Delaware Alabama
Colorado Connecticut Florida Arizona
District of Columbia Georgia Idaho Arkansas
Hawaii Maine Illinois Kentucky
Maryland New Hampshire Indiana Mississippi
Massachusetts New Mexico Iowa Missouri
Montana New York Kansas Nebraska
New Jersey North Carolina Louisiana North Dakota
Oregon Pennsylvania Michigan Ohio
Utah Rhode Island Minnesota Tennessee
Vermont South Dakota Nevada West Virginia
Virginia Washington Oklahoma  
Wyoming Wisconsin South Carolina  
    Texas  
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, more than 609,000 S&E bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees were conferred nationwide, an increase of 21% during the past decade.
  • Overall, there has been a slight decline in the number of S&E degrees as a share of total degrees conferred from 31.0% in 1996 to 29.9% in 2005.
  • States place different emphases on technical higher education. In some states, nearly 40% of their degrees are awarded in S&E fields; in others approximately 20% of their degrees are awarded in these fields.
  • State emphasis on S&E education remained relatively constant over the decade; notable exceptions are increases in Hawaii and Maryland and decreases in Wyoming and Arizona.
  • The District of Columbia has a high value of 41% because of the large S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration at several of its academic institutions.

Description

This indicator is a measure of the extent to which a state's higher education programs are concentrated in S&E fields. The indicator is expressed as the percentage of higher education degrees that were conferred in S&E fields. High values for this indicator are from states that emphasize S&E fields in their higher education systems.

S&E fields include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. For both S&E degrees and higher education degrees conferred, bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees are included; associate's degrees are excluded. Geographic location refers to the location of the degree-granting institution and does not reflect the state where students permanently reside. The year is the latter date of the academic year. For example, data for 2005 represent degrees conferred during the 2004–05 academic year.

Data Table

Table 8-17
S&E degrees as share of higher education degrees conferred, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  S&E degrees   All higher education degrees   S&E/higher education
degrees (%)
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 502,046 519,446 609,114   1,617,096 1,750,369 2,036,215   31.0 29.7 29.9
Alabama 6,975 7,426 7,951   27,139 29,302 31,951   25.7 25.3 24.9
Alaska 670 604 676   1,999 1,776 2,107   33.5 34.0 32.1
Arizona 6,655 6,565 10,968   27,922 40,468 60,188   23.8 16.2 18.2
Arkansas 2,774 2,844 3,306   11,239 12,058 14,303   24.7 23.6 23.1
California 58,551 62,752 75,803   152,162 167,200 197,839   38.5 37.5 38.3
Colorado 11,073 11,696 13,189   27,577 30,390 35,346   40.2 38.5 37.3
Connecticut 6,976 6,929 8,154   21,205 22,479 26,378   32.9 30.8 30.9
Delaware 1,894 1,861 2,158   5,739 6,116 7,455   33.0 30.4 28.9
District of Columbia 6,675 6,856 7,477   15,872 15,939 18,307   42.1 43.0 40.8
Florida 17,289 18,561 23,974   63,271 69,121 84,841   27.3 26.9 28.3
Georgia 10,572 11,489 14,394   37,426 39,537 48,691   28.2 29.1 29.6
Hawaii 1,942 2,131 2,349   6,419 6,461 7,031   30.3 33.0 33.4
Idaho 1,722 1,756 2,360   5,686 5,809 8,969   30.3 30.2 26.3
Illinois 21,551 23,370 25,927   80,126 86,923 95,634   26.9 26.9 27.1
Indiana 11,882 11,187 13,317   39,319 41,484 48,940   30.2 27.0 27.2
Iowa 6,506 6,389 7,328   21,761 22,680 25,393   29.9 28.2 28.9
Kansas 5,332 5,660 6,139   20,246 20,705 22,791   26.3 27.3 26.9
Kentucky 4,933 5,015 6,085   19,566 20,749 25,138   25.2 24.2 24.2
Louisiana 6,781 6,924 7,773   23,737 26,173 28,398   28.6 26.5 27.4
Maine 2,168 2,236 2,550   6,572 6,659 8,173   33.0 33.6 31.2
Maryland 11,479 12,710 15,608   31,688 34,738 39,918   36.2 36.6 39.1
Massachusetts 22,230 22,825 25,232   65,306 70,333 75,589   34.0 32.5 33.4
Michigan 18,796 18,611 21,249   61,625 68,231 74,695   30.5 27.3 28.4
Minnesota 9,289 9,163 11,199   30,672 31,906 40,897   30.3 28.7 27.4
Mississippi 3,473 3,472 3,577   13,108 14,904 15,931   26.5 23.3 22.5
Missouri 10,319 11,353 12,852   38,843 44,278 52,183   26.6 25.6 24.6
Montana 1,891 2,076 2,254   5,535 6,049 6,416   34.2 34.3 35.1
Nebraska 3,119 3,261 3,836   12,542 14,315 16,421   24.9 22.8 23.4
Nevada 1,178 1,277 1,826   4,448 5,366 6,723   26.5 23.8 27.2
New Hampshire 2,893 2,940 3,316   9,857 9,526 10,755   29.3 30.9 30.8
New Jersey 12,560 13,842 15,667   34,043 37,760 45,515   36.9 36.7 34.4
New Mexico 2,864 2,522 2,860   8,865 8,460 9,718   32.3 29.8 29.4
New York 43,392 44,664 51,555   144,398 153,327 176,746   30.1 29.1 29.2
North Carolina 14,516 14,543 16,664   41,615 45,316 52,136   34.9 32.1 32.0
North Dakota 1,462 1,397 1,539   5,268 5,597 6,454   27.8 25.0 23.8
Ohio 19,333 18,661 20,687   68,153 71,266 80,181   28.4 26.2 25.8
Oklahoma 4,982 5,914 6,286   18,626 21,421 23,921   26.7 27.6 26.3
Oregon 6,153 6,427 7,691   17,582 18,646 22,764   35.0 34.5 33.8
Pennsylvania 25,756 26,717 31,632   83,683 91,693 107,302   30.8 29.1 29.5
Rhode Island 3,243 2,872 3,646   11,089 10,633 12,277   29.2 27.0 29.7
South Carolina 5,893 6,131 6,857   19,889 21,781 24,873   29.6 28.1 27.6
South Dakota 1,990 1,801 2,017   5,757 5,445 6,227   34.6 33.1 32.4
Tennessee 7,813 7,787 8,706   27,572 31,505 34,953   28.3 24.7 24.9
Texas 27,252 28,242 34,716   96,227 103,447 123,473   28.3 27.3 28.1
Utah 6,308 6,101 7,840   18,498 20,346 23,521   34.1 30.0 33.3
Vermont 2,128 2,129 2,493   5,844 6,014 6,543   36.4 35.4 38.1
Virginia 15,376 15,782 17,549   42,580 44,738 50,670   36.1 35.3 34.6
Washington 9,523 9,907 12,020   31,320 31,299 36,531   30.4 31.7 32.9
West Virginia 2,761 2,699 2,945   10,885 11,225 12,520   25.4 24.0 23.5
Wisconsin 10,253 10,538 12,160   34,466 36,614 40,287   29.7 28.8 30.2
Wyoming 900 831 757   2,129 2,161 2,202   42.3 38.5 34.4
                       
Puerto Rico 4,113 5,034 5,031   15,736 18,378 20,855   26.1 27.4 24.1
 

NOTES: S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate. S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering. All higher education degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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