Higher Education

S&E Graduate Students per 1,000 Individuals 25–34 Years Old: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (83.1–13.8)
  • 2nd quartile
    (13.6–10.9)
  • 3rd quartile
    (10.8–8.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (8.4–4.5)

Quartiles

S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(83.1–13.8)
2nd Quartile
(13.6–10.9)
3rd Quartile
(10.8–8.5)
4th Quartile
(8.4–4.5)
 
Connecticut California Alabama Alaska
Delaware Colorado Florida Arizona
District of Columbia Illinois Hawaii Arkansas
Iowa Indiana Idaho Georgia
Kansas Michigan Missouri Kentucky
Maryland Montana New Hampshire Louisiana
Massachusetts Nebraska North Carolina Maine
Minnesota New Jersey Oklahoma Mississippi
New Mexico Ohio Oregon Nevada
New York Utah South Dakota South Carolina
North Dakota Virginia Texas Tennessee
Pennsylvania Wisconsin Vermont Washington
Rhode Island Wyoming West Virginia  
 
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The number of S&E graduate students in the United States grew 15% over the previous decade, rising from approximately 409,000 in 1996 to more than 471,000 in 2005.
  • Individual states showed varying levels of graduate level S&E training, with 0.5%–2.7% of their 25–34-year-old population pursuing S&E graduate studies in 2005.
  • The District of Columbia is an outlier, with about 8% of its 25–34-year-old population enrolled as S&E graduate students, reflecting a large concentration of S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration and a small resident population.
  • Changes in the value of this indicator over the past decade may reflect shifts in population, changes in S&E graduate education, or a combination of both. Growth in the number of S&E graduate students was highest in California, Texas, and Florida between 1996 and 2005.

Description

Graduate students in S&E fields may become the technical leaders of the future. The ratio of S&E graduate students to a state's 25–34-year-old population is a relative measure of a state's population with graduate training in S&E. The 25–34-year-old cohort was chosen to approximate the age of most graduate students. The cohort includes U.S. citizens and noncitizens as well as graduate students who come from other states. The population cohort includes all state residents ages 25–34 and does not distinguish between citizens and noncitizens.

Data on S&E graduate students were collected by surveying all academic institutions in the United States that offer doctoral or master's degree programs in any science or engineering field, including physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Graduate students who are enrolled in schools of nursing, public health, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related disciplines are not included.

Data Table

Table 8-18
S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  S&E graduate students   Population 25–34 years old   S&E graduate students/
1,000 individuals
25–34 years old
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 408,754 422,331 471,371   40,245,871 39,701,883 40,144,656   10.2 10.6 11.7
Alabama 5,334 5,257 6,232   630,233 591,099 596,242   8.5 8.9 10.5
Alaska 782 611 795   84,704 88,274 94,149   9.2 6.9 8.4
Arizona 6,381 6,665 6,849   657,074 760,730 864,417   9.7 8.8 7.9
Arkansas 2,040 2,052 2,420   338,213 349,764 370,205   6.0 5.9 6.5
California 51,004 54,249 63,474   5,347,874 5,270,958 5,261,651   9.5 10.3 12.1
Colorado 8,364 8,843 8,835   558,163 681,814 706,360   15.0 13.0 12.5
Connecticut 5,732 6,900 6,943   503,807 438,925 413,537   11.4 15.7 16.8
Delaware 1,459 1,461 1,760   121,415 106,814 107,945   12.0 13.7 16.3
District of Columbia 8,255 7,448 8,662   108,632 102,322 104,177   76.0 72.8 83.1
Florida 14,264 16,345 19,130   2,002,813 2,086,696 2,234,269   7.1 7.8 8.6
Georgia 8,508 9,345 10,675   1,215,294 1,309,335 1,354,947   7.0 7.1 7.9
Hawaii 1,734 1,455 1,892   168,485 169,440 175,190   10.3 8.6 10.8
Idaho 1,343 1,495 1,923   149,784 171,653 196,134   9.0 8.7 9.8
Illinois 22,121 24,173 23,307   1,825,273 1,802,505 1,787,380   12.1 13.4 13.0
Indiana 8,781 8,489 9,695   867,584 822,315 841,485   10.1 10.3 11.5
Iowa 4,722 4,693 5,009   383,395 357,757 358,104   12.3 13.1 14.0
Kansas 5,873 5,846 5,825   368,460 345,539 351,504   15.9 16.9 16.6
Kentucky 3,740 4,017 4,625   565,744 560,393 578,303   6.6 7.2 8.0
Louisiana 5,585 5,703 4,777   614,661 585,687 593,005   9.1 9.7 8.1
Maine 666 605 684   176,186 154,509 151,290   3.8 3.9 4.5
Maryland 9,253 9,181 11,198   838,211 737,209 729,112   11.0 12.5 15.4
Massachusetts 19,537 20,118 22,493   1,036,693 911,871 838,499   18.8 22.1 26.8
Michigan 14,593 15,431 15,224   1,449,151 1,338,131 1,289,703   10.1 11.5 11.8
Minnesota 6,465 6,634 10,674   691,672 669,256 671,628   9.3 9.9 15.9
Mississippi 2,703 2,594 3,138   382,545 375,787 381,834   7.1 6.9 8.2
Missouri 5,895 6,320 7,278   770,644 731,638 757,374   7.6 8.6 9.6
Montana 1,146 1,176 1,371   101,054 101,958 109,731   11.3 11.5 12.5
Nebraska 2,560 2,428 2,811   223,417 221,334 225,120   11.5 11.0 12.5
Nevada 1,439 1,584 1,992   252,663 316,202 363,877   5.7 5.0 5.5
New Hampshire 1,216 1,337 1,448   188,221 158,323 153,457   6.5 8.4 9.4
New Jersey 10,429 11,148 12,093   1,200,054 1,170,282 1,105,168   8.7 9.5 10.9
New Mexico 3,171 3,269 3,762   228,959 231,954 249,745   13.8 14.1 15.1
New York 38,439 38,613 42,039   2,852,788 2,706,393 2,559,820   13.5 14.3 16.4
North Carolina 9,768 10,494 12,019   1,150,418 1,213,053 1,215,149   8.5 8.7 9.9
North Dakota 896 1,078 1,512   87,491 74,406 74,480   10.2 14.5 20.3
Ohio 17,491 16,080 18,885   1,633,740 1,489,708 1,459,108   10.7 10.8 12.9
Oklahoma 3,905 4,166 4,274   442,383 448,235 467,576   8.8 9.3 9.1
Oregon 3,831 3,844 4,310   437,028 476,414 506,932   8.8 8.1 8.5
Pennsylvania 18,814 18,348 20,146   1,705,702 1,520,455 1,460,565   11.0 12.1 13.8
Rhode Island 1,662 1,646 2,018   158,924 137,986 134,088   10.5 11.9 15.0
South Carolina 3,507 3,120 3,234   573,575 553,179 563,274   6.1 5.6 5.7
South Dakota 918 982 930   93,985 89,669 92,998   9.8 11.0 10.0
Tennessee 6,090 5,737 6,448   801,585 804,104 826,126   7.6 7.1 7.8
Texas 26,007 28,224 32,582   2,897,002 3,207,841 3,392,687   9.0 8.8 9.6
Utah 4,107 4,034 4,884   292,112 333,573 390,591   14.1 12.1 12.5
Vermont 599 597 644   87,507 72,773 71,097   6.8 8.2 9.1
Virginia 11,571 12,156 12,408   1,114,265 1,030,917 1,044,709   10.4 11.8 11.9
Washington 5,802 5,834 6,513   828,876 844,924 874,525   7.0 6.9 7.4
West Virginia 1,885 2,013 2,205   230,950 224,034 232,453   8.2 9.0 9.5
Wisconsin 7,606 7,729 8,439   750,352 694,595 697,679   10.1 11.1 12.1
Wyoming 761 764 887   56,110 59,150 65,257   13.6 12.9 13.6
 
Puerto Rico 2,206 3,062 3,649   NA 537,823 550,887   NA 5.7 6.6
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (83.1–13.8)
  • 2nd quartile
    (13.6–10.9)
  • 3rd quartile
    (10.8–8.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (8.4–4.5)

Quartiles

S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(83.1–13.8)
2nd Quartile
(13.6–10.9)
3rd Quartile
(10.8–8.5)
4th Quartile
(8.4–4.5)
 
Connecticut California Alabama Alaska
Delaware Colorado Florida Arizona
District of Columbia Illinois Hawaii Arkansas
Iowa Indiana Idaho Georgia
Kansas Michigan Missouri Kentucky
Maryland Montana New Hampshire Louisiana
Massachusetts Nebraska North Carolina Maine
Minnesota New Jersey Oklahoma Mississippi
New Mexico Ohio Oregon Nevada
New York Utah South Dakota South Carolina
North Dakota Virginia Texas Tennessee
Pennsylvania Wisconsin Vermont Washington
Rhode Island Wyoming West Virginia  
 
SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The number of S&E graduate students in the United States grew 15% over the previous decade, rising from approximately 409,000 in 1996 to more than 471,000 in 2005.
  • Individual states showed varying levels of graduate level S&E training, with 0.5%–2.7% of their 25–34-year-old population pursuing S&E graduate studies in 2005.
  • The District of Columbia is an outlier, with about 8% of its 25–34-year-old population enrolled as S&E graduate students, reflecting a large concentration of S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration and a small resident population.
  • Changes in the value of this indicator over the past decade may reflect shifts in population, changes in S&E graduate education, or a combination of both. Growth in the number of S&E graduate students was highest in California, Texas, and Florida between 1996 and 2005.

Description

Graduate students in S&E fields may become the technical leaders of the future. The ratio of S&E graduate students to a state's 25–34-year-old population is a relative measure of a state's population with graduate training in S&E. The 25–34-year-old cohort was chosen to approximate the age of most graduate students. The cohort includes U.S. citizens and noncitizens as well as graduate students who come from other states. The population cohort includes all state residents ages 25–34 and does not distinguish between citizens and noncitizens.

Data on S&E graduate students were collected by surveying all academic institutions in the United States that offer doctoral or master's degree programs in any science or engineering field, including physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Graduate students who are enrolled in schools of nursing, public health, dentistry, veterinary medicine, and other health-related disciplines are not included.

Data Table

Table 8-18
S&E graduate students per 1,000 individuals 25–34 years old, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  S&E graduate students   Population 25–34 years old   S&E graduate students/
1,000 individuals
25–34 years old
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 408,754 422,331 471,371   40,245,871 39,701,883 40,144,656   10.2 10.6 11.7
Alabama 5,334 5,257 6,232   630,233 591,099 596,242   8.5 8.9 10.5
Alaska 782 611 795   84,704 88,274 94,149   9.2 6.9 8.4
Arizona 6,381 6,665 6,849   657,074 760,730 864,417   9.7 8.8 7.9
Arkansas 2,040 2,052 2,420   338,213 349,764 370,205   6.0 5.9 6.5
California 51,004 54,249 63,474   5,347,874 5,270,958 5,261,651   9.5 10.3 12.1
Colorado 8,364 8,843 8,835   558,163 681,814 706,360   15.0 13.0 12.5
Connecticut 5,732 6,900 6,943   503,807 438,925 413,537   11.4 15.7 16.8
Delaware 1,459 1,461 1,760   121,415 106,814 107,945   12.0 13.7 16.3
District of Columbia 8,255 7,448 8,662   108,632 102,322 104,177   76.0 72.8 83.1
Florida 14,264 16,345 19,130   2,002,813 2,086,696 2,234,269   7.1 7.8 8.6
Georgia 8,508 9,345 10,675   1,215,294 1,309,335 1,354,947   7.0 7.1 7.9
Hawaii 1,734 1,455 1,892   168,485 169,440 175,190   10.3 8.6 10.8
Idaho 1,343 1,495 1,923   149,784 171,653 196,134   9.0 8.7 9.8
Illinois 22,121 24,173 23,307   1,825,273 1,802,505 1,787,380   12.1 13.4 13.0
Indiana 8,781 8,489 9,695   867,584 822,315 841,485   10.1 10.3 11.5
Iowa 4,722 4,693 5,009   383,395 357,757 358,104   12.3 13.1 14.0
Kansas 5,873 5,846 5,825   368,460 345,539 351,504   15.9 16.9 16.6
Kentucky 3,740 4,017 4,625   565,744 560,393 578,303   6.6 7.2 8.0
Louisiana 5,585 5,703 4,777   614,661 585,687 593,005   9.1 9.7 8.1
Maine 666 605 684   176,186 154,509 151,290   3.8 3.9 4.5
Maryland 9,253 9,181 11,198   838,211 737,209 729,112   11.0 12.5 15.4
Massachusetts 19,537 20,118 22,493   1,036,693 911,871 838,499   18.8 22.1 26.8
Michigan 14,593 15,431 15,224   1,449,151 1,338,131 1,289,703   10.1 11.5 11.8
Minnesota 6,465 6,634 10,674   691,672 669,256 671,628   9.3 9.9 15.9
Mississippi 2,703 2,594 3,138   382,545 375,787 381,834   7.1 6.9 8.2
Missouri 5,895 6,320 7,278   770,644 731,638 757,374   7.6 8.6 9.6
Montana 1,146 1,176 1,371   101,054 101,958 109,731   11.3 11.5 12.5
Nebraska 2,560 2,428 2,811   223,417 221,334 225,120   11.5 11.0 12.5
Nevada 1,439 1,584 1,992   252,663 316,202 363,877   5.7 5.0 5.5
New Hampshire 1,216 1,337 1,448   188,221 158,323 153,457   6.5 8.4 9.4
New Jersey 10,429 11,148 12,093   1,200,054 1,170,282 1,105,168   8.7 9.5 10.9
New Mexico 3,171 3,269 3,762   228,959 231,954 249,745   13.8 14.1 15.1
New York 38,439 38,613 42,039   2,852,788 2,706,393 2,559,820   13.5 14.3 16.4
North Carolina 9,768 10,494 12,019   1,150,418 1,213,053 1,215,149   8.5 8.7 9.9
North Dakota 896 1,078 1,512   87,491 74,406 74,480   10.2 14.5 20.3
Ohio 17,491 16,080 18,885   1,633,740 1,489,708 1,459,108   10.7 10.8 12.9
Oklahoma 3,905 4,166 4,274   442,383 448,235 467,576   8.8 9.3 9.1
Oregon 3,831 3,844 4,310   437,028 476,414 506,932   8.8 8.1 8.5
Pennsylvania 18,814 18,348 20,146   1,705,702 1,520,455 1,460,565   11.0 12.1 13.8
Rhode Island 1,662 1,646 2,018   158,924 137,986 134,088   10.5 11.9 15.0
South Carolina 3,507 3,120 3,234   573,575 553,179 563,274   6.1 5.6 5.7
South Dakota 918 982 930   93,985 89,669 92,998   9.8 11.0 10.0
Tennessee 6,090 5,737 6,448   801,585 804,104 826,126   7.6 7.1 7.8
Texas 26,007 28,224 32,582   2,897,002 3,207,841 3,392,687   9.0 8.8 9.6
Utah 4,107 4,034 4,884   292,112 333,573 390,591   14.1 12.1 12.5
Vermont 599 597 644   87,507 72,773 71,097   6.8 8.2 9.1
Virginia 11,571 12,156 12,408   1,114,265 1,030,917 1,044,709   10.4 11.8 11.9
Washington 5,802 5,834 6,513   828,876 844,924 874,525   7.0 6.9 7.4
West Virginia 1,885 2,013 2,205   230,950 224,034 232,453   8.2 9.0 9.5
Wisconsin 7,606 7,729 8,439   750,352 694,595 697,679   10.1 11.1 12.1
Wyoming 761 764 887   56,110 59,150 65,257   13.6 12.9 13.6
 
Puerto Rico 2,206 3,062 3,649   NA 537,823 550,887   NA 5.7 6.6
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering; and Census Bureau, Population Estimates Program (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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