Higher Education

Advanced S&E Degrees as Share of S&E Degrees Conferred: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (44.4%–26.4%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (25.8%–22.4%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (22.2%–18.0%)
  • 4th quartile
    (17.8%–7.7%)

Quartiles

Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred: 2005
 
1st quartile
(44.4%–26.4%)
2nd Quartile
(25.8%–22.4%)
3rd Quartile
(22.2%–18.0%)
4th Quartile
(17.8%–7.7%)
 
Alabama California Florida Arizona
Alaska Colorado Georgia Arkansas
Connecticut Delaware Idaho Iowa
District of Columbia Hawaii Indiana Maine
Illinois Kansas Minnesota New Hampshire
Maryland Kentucky Mississippi North Dakota
Massachusetts Louisiana Montana Rhode Island
Michigan New Jersey Nebraska South Carolina
Missouri Ohio North Carolina Utah
Nevada Oklahoma Oregon Washington
New Mexico South Dakota Pennsylvania Wisconsin
New York Virginia Tennessee  
Texas West Virginia Vermont  
Wyoming      
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, more than 147,000 advanced S&E degrees were awarded nationwide; this total represented approximately 22% more than in 1996, but the share of advanced degrees remained stable at 24% of all S&E degrees conferred.
  • Some states specialize in providing graduate-level technical training, with nearly 35% of their S&E graduates completing training at the master's or doctoral level; other states have much smaller graduate S&E programs, with values as low as 8%.
  • Over the past decade, the largest absolute increases in the production of advanced S&E degree holders have occurred in California, New York, and Texas.
  • In states with small S&E graduate programs, the number of advanced S&E degrees conferred varies considerably from year to year. Caution should be used in making annual comparisons for those states with small S&E graduate programs.
  • The District of Columbia is an outlier, with 44% reflecting large S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration at several of its academic institutions.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's higher education programs in S&E are concentrated at the graduate level. S&E fields include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Advanced S&E degrees include master's and doctoral degrees. All S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees but exclude associate's degrees.

The indicator value is obtained by dividing the number of advanced S&E degrees by the total number of S&E degrees awarded by the higher education institutions within the state. A high value shows that a state's higher education institutions are emphasizing S&E training at the graduate level.

Data Table

Table 8-19
Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  Advanced S&E degrees   All S&E degrees   Advanced/all
S&E degrees (%)
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 121,109 123,561 147,339   502,046 519,446 609,114   24.1 23.8 24.2
Alabama 1,470 1,969 2,271   6,975 7,426 7,951   21.1 26.5 28.6
Alaska 209 184 236   670 604 676   31.2 30.5 34.9
Arizona 1,810 1,632 1,851   6,655 6,565 10,968   27.2 24.9 16.9
Arkansas 439 440 558   2,774 2,844 3,306   15.8 15.5 16.9
California 14,889 15,208 18,894   58,551 62,752 75,803   25.4 24.2 24.9
Colorado 2,919 2,991 3,194   11,073 11,696 13,189   26.4 25.6 24.2
Connecticut 1,767 1,768 2,209   6,976 6,929 8,154   25.3 25.5 27.1
Delaware 434 419 507   1,894 1,861 2,158   22.9 22.5 23.5
District of Columbia 3,194 2,990 3,317   6,675 6,856 7,477   47.9 43.6 44.4
Florida 4,022 4,176 5,253   17,289 18,561 23,974   23.3 22.5 21.9
Georgia 2,403 2,551 3,182   10,572 11,489 14,394   22.7 22.2 22.1
Hawaii 444 529 538   1,942 2,131 2,349   22.9 24.8 22.9
Idaho 389 341 424   1,722 1,756 2,360   22.6 19.4 18.0
Illinois 6,366 7,171 8,280   21,551 23,370 25,927   29.5 30.7 31.9
Indiana 2,629 2,439 2,840   11,882 11,187 13,317   22.1 21.8 21.3
Iowa 1,178 1,014 1,261   6,506 6,389 7,328   18.1 15.9 17.2
Kansas 1,201 1,203 1,394   5,332 5,660 6,139   22.5 21.3 22.7
Kentucky 887 974 1,551   4,933 5,015 6,085   18.0 19.4 25.5
Louisiana 1,481 1,435 1,758   6,781 6,924 7,773   21.8 20.7 22.6
Maine 207 174 196   2,168 2,236 2,550   9.5 7.8 7.7
Maryland 3,458 3,832 4,617   11,479 12,710 15,608   30.1 30.1 29.6
Massachusetts 6,477 6,636 7,653   22,230 22,825 25,232   29.1 29.1 30.3
Michigan 4,734 4,933 5,741   18,796 18,611 21,249   25.2 26.5 27.0
Minnesota 1,843 1,683 2,137   9,289 9,163 11,199   19.8 18.4 19.1
Mississippi 709 636 793   3,473 3,472 3,577   20.4 18.3 22.2
Missouri 2,807 2,939 3,452   10,319 11,353 12,852   27.2 25.9 26.9
Montana 345 358 447   1,891 2,076 2,254   18.2 17.2 19.8
Nebraska 671 697 808   3,119 3,261 3,836   21.5 21.4 21.1
Nevada 297 304 482   1,178 1,277 1,826   25.2 23.8 26.4
New Hampshire 416 463 490   2,893 2,940 3,316   14.4 15.7 14.8
New Jersey 3,023 3,225 3,811   12,560 13,842 15,667   24.1 23.3 24.3
New Mexico 931 729 857   2,864 2,522 2,860   32.5 28.9 30.0
New York 11,219 11,444 13,816   43,392 44,664 51,555   25.9 25.6 26.8
North Carolina 2,502 2,717 3,177   14,516 14,543 16,664   17.2 18.7 19.1
North Dakota 221 183 234   1,462 1,397 1,539   15.1 13.1 15.2
Ohio 5,257 4,650 5,222   19,333 18,661 20,687   27.2 24.9 25.2
Oklahoma 1,285 1,847 1,624   4,982 5,914 6,286   25.8 31.2 25.8
Oregon 1,299 1,296 1,544   6,153 6,427 7,691   21.1 20.2 20.1
Pennsylvania 5,449 5,507 6,753   25,756 26,717 31,632   21.2 20.6 21.3
Rhode Island 662 532 610   3,243 2,872 3,646   20.4 18.5 16.7
South Carolina 1,025 1,114 1,104   5,893 6,131 6,857   17.4 18.2 16.1
South Dakota 417 379 472   1,990 1,801 2,017   21.0 21.0 23.4
Tennessee 1,427 1,506 1,563   7,813 7,787 8,706   18.3 19.3 18.0
Texas 7,072 7,464 9,438   27,252 28,242 34,716   26.0 26.4 27.2
Utah 1,054 1,011 1,283   6,308 6,101 7,840   16.7 16.6 16.4
Vermont 379 295 501   2,128 2,129 2,493   17.8 13.9 20.1
Virginia 3,199 3,238 3,926   15,376 15,782 17,549   20.8 20.5 22.4
Washington 1,970 1,852 2,141   9,523 9,907 12,020   20.7 18.7 17.8
West Virginia 483 523 660   2,761 2,699 2,945   17.5 19.4 22.4
Wisconsin 1,863 1,730 2,069   10,253 10,538 12,160   18.2 16.4 17.0
Wyoming 277 230 200   900 831 757   30.8 27.7 26.4
                       
Puerto Rico 453 791 910   4,113 5,034 5,031   11.0 15.7 18.1
 

NOTES: All degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate; advanced degrees include only master's and doctorate. S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (44.4%–26.4%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (25.8%–22.4%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (22.2%–18.0%)
  • 4th quartile
    (17.8%–7.7%)

Quartiles

Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred: 2005
 
1st quartile
(44.4%–26.4%)
2nd Quartile
(25.8%–22.4%)
3rd Quartile
(22.2%–18.0%)
4th Quartile
(17.8%–7.7%)
 
Alabama California Florida Arizona
Alaska Colorado Georgia Arkansas
Connecticut Delaware Idaho Iowa
District of Columbia Hawaii Indiana Maine
Illinois Kansas Minnesota New Hampshire
Maryland Kentucky Mississippi North Dakota
Massachusetts Louisiana Montana Rhode Island
Michigan New Jersey Nebraska South Carolina
Missouri Ohio North Carolina Utah
Nevada Oklahoma Oregon Washington
New Mexico South Dakota Pennsylvania Wisconsin
New York Virginia Tennessee  
Texas West Virginia Vermont  
Wyoming      
 
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, more than 147,000 advanced S&E degrees were awarded nationwide; this total represented approximately 22% more than in 1996, but the share of advanced degrees remained stable at 24% of all S&E degrees conferred.
  • Some states specialize in providing graduate-level technical training, with nearly 35% of their S&E graduates completing training at the master's or doctoral level; other states have much smaller graduate S&E programs, with values as low as 8%.
  • Over the past decade, the largest absolute increases in the production of advanced S&E degree holders have occurred in California, New York, and Texas.
  • In states with small S&E graduate programs, the number of advanced S&E degrees conferred varies considerably from year to year. Caution should be used in making annual comparisons for those states with small S&E graduate programs.
  • The District of Columbia is an outlier, with 44% reflecting large S&E graduate programs in political science and public administration at several of its academic institutions.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's higher education programs in S&E are concentrated at the graduate level. S&E fields include physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Advanced S&E degrees include master's and doctoral degrees. All S&E degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degrees but exclude associate's degrees.

The indicator value is obtained by dividing the number of advanced S&E degrees by the total number of S&E degrees awarded by the higher education institutions within the state. A high value shows that a state's higher education institutions are emphasizing S&E training at the graduate level.

Data Table

Table 8-19
Advanced S&E degrees as share of S&E degrees conferred, by state: 1996, 2001, and 2005
 
  Advanced S&E degrees   All S&E degrees   Advanced/all
S&E degrees (%)
State 1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005    1996 2001 2005
 
United States 121,109 123,561 147,339   502,046 519,446 609,114   24.1 23.8 24.2
Alabama 1,470 1,969 2,271   6,975 7,426 7,951   21.1 26.5 28.6
Alaska 209 184 236   670 604 676   31.2 30.5 34.9
Arizona 1,810 1,632 1,851   6,655 6,565 10,968   27.2 24.9 16.9
Arkansas 439 440 558   2,774 2,844 3,306   15.8 15.5 16.9
California 14,889 15,208 18,894   58,551 62,752 75,803   25.4 24.2 24.9
Colorado 2,919 2,991 3,194   11,073 11,696 13,189   26.4 25.6 24.2
Connecticut 1,767 1,768 2,209   6,976 6,929 8,154   25.3 25.5 27.1
Delaware 434 419 507   1,894 1,861 2,158   22.9 22.5 23.5
District of Columbia 3,194 2,990 3,317   6,675 6,856 7,477   47.9 43.6 44.4
Florida 4,022 4,176 5,253   17,289 18,561 23,974   23.3 22.5 21.9
Georgia 2,403 2,551 3,182   10,572 11,489 14,394   22.7 22.2 22.1
Hawaii 444 529 538   1,942 2,131 2,349   22.9 24.8 22.9
Idaho 389 341 424   1,722 1,756 2,360   22.6 19.4 18.0
Illinois 6,366 7,171 8,280   21,551 23,370 25,927   29.5 30.7 31.9
Indiana 2,629 2,439 2,840   11,882 11,187 13,317   22.1 21.8 21.3
Iowa 1,178 1,014 1,261   6,506 6,389 7,328   18.1 15.9 17.2
Kansas 1,201 1,203 1,394   5,332 5,660 6,139   22.5 21.3 22.7
Kentucky 887 974 1,551   4,933 5,015 6,085   18.0 19.4 25.5
Louisiana 1,481 1,435 1,758   6,781 6,924 7,773   21.8 20.7 22.6
Maine 207 174 196   2,168 2,236 2,550   9.5 7.8 7.7
Maryland 3,458 3,832 4,617   11,479 12,710 15,608   30.1 30.1 29.6
Massachusetts 6,477 6,636 7,653   22,230 22,825 25,232   29.1 29.1 30.3
Michigan 4,734 4,933 5,741   18,796 18,611 21,249   25.2 26.5 27.0
Minnesota 1,843 1,683 2,137   9,289 9,163 11,199   19.8 18.4 19.1
Mississippi 709 636 793   3,473 3,472 3,577   20.4 18.3 22.2
Missouri 2,807 2,939 3,452   10,319 11,353 12,852   27.2 25.9 26.9
Montana 345 358 447   1,891 2,076 2,254   18.2 17.2 19.8
Nebraska 671 697 808   3,119 3,261 3,836   21.5 21.4 21.1
Nevada 297 304 482   1,178 1,277 1,826   25.2 23.8 26.4
New Hampshire 416 463 490   2,893 2,940 3,316   14.4 15.7 14.8
New Jersey 3,023 3,225 3,811   12,560 13,842 15,667   24.1 23.3 24.3
New Mexico 931 729 857   2,864 2,522 2,860   32.5 28.9 30.0
New York 11,219 11,444 13,816   43,392 44,664 51,555   25.9 25.6 26.8
North Carolina 2,502 2,717 3,177   14,516 14,543 16,664   17.2 18.7 19.1
North Dakota 221 183 234   1,462 1,397 1,539   15.1 13.1 15.2
Ohio 5,257 4,650 5,222   19,333 18,661 20,687   27.2 24.9 25.2
Oklahoma 1,285 1,847 1,624   4,982 5,914 6,286   25.8 31.2 25.8
Oregon 1,299 1,296 1,544   6,153 6,427 7,691   21.1 20.2 20.1
Pennsylvania 5,449 5,507 6,753   25,756 26,717 31,632   21.2 20.6 21.3
Rhode Island 662 532 610   3,243 2,872 3,646   20.4 18.5 16.7
South Carolina 1,025 1,114 1,104   5,893 6,131 6,857   17.4 18.2 16.1
South Dakota 417 379 472   1,990 1,801 2,017   21.0 21.0 23.4
Tennessee 1,427 1,506 1,563   7,813 7,787 8,706   18.3 19.3 18.0
Texas 7,072 7,464 9,438   27,252 28,242 34,716   26.0 26.4 27.2
Utah 1,054 1,011 1,283   6,308 6,101 7,840   16.7 16.6 16.4
Vermont 379 295 501   2,128 2,129 2,493   17.8 13.9 20.1
Virginia 3,199 3,238 3,926   15,376 15,782 17,549   20.8 20.5 22.4
Washington 1,970 1,852 2,141   9,523 9,907 12,020   20.7 18.7 17.8
West Virginia 483 523 660   2,761 2,699 2,945   17.5 19.4 22.4
Wisconsin 1,863 1,730 2,069   10,253 10,538 12,160   18.2 16.4 17.0
Wyoming 277 230 200   900 831 757   30.8 27.7 26.4
                       
Puerto Rico 453 791 910   4,113 5,034 5,031   11.0 15.7 18.1
 

NOTES: All degrees include bachelor's, master's, and doctorate; advanced degrees include only master's and doctorate. S&E degrees include physical, computer, agricultural, biological, earth, atmospheric, ocean, and social sciences; psychology; mathematics; and engineering.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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