Higher Education

Associate's Degree Holders or Higher Among Individuals 25–44 Years Old: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (54.4–42.3)
  • 2nd quartile
    (41.8–36.5)
  • 3rd quartile
    (36.4–31.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (31.4–26.2)

Quartiles

Associate's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(54.4%–42.3%)
2nd Quartile
(41.8%–36.5%)
3rd Quartile
(36.4%–31.5%)
4th Quartile
(31.4%–26.2%)
 
Colorado Delaware Alabama Alaska
Connecticut Hawaii Arizona Arkansas
District of Columbia Illinois California Idaho
Maryland Iowa Florida Kentucky
Massachusetts Kansas Georgia Louisiana
Minnesota Michigan Indiana Mississippi
Nebraska Montana Maine Nevada
New Hampshire North Carolina Missouri New Mexico
New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Oklahoma
New York Utah Oregon Tennessee
North Dakota Vermont South Carolina Texas
Rhode Island Virginia Wyoming West Virginia
South Dakota Washington    
  Wisconsin    
 
SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The early- to mid-career population with at least an associate's degree was 37.4% nationwide in 2005, which represents an increase from 34.7% in 2000.
  • Only Alaska failed to show an increase in the percentage of its early career population with at least an associate's degree between 2000 and 2005. Eighteen states had 2005 values below the 2000 national average of 34.7% compared with 27 states with values below this level in 2000.
  • In 2005, the percentage of this cohort with at least an associate's degree varied greatly among states, ranging from 50.4% to 26.2%. States with the lowest cost of living tended to rank lowest on this indicator.

Description

This indicator represents the percentage of the early- to mid-career population that has earned at least a college degree. That degree may be at the associate's through doctoral level. The indicator represents where college degree holders have chosen to live and work rather than where they were educated. The age cohort of 25–44 years represents the group most likely to have completed a college program. High values indicate a resident population or potential workforce with widespread credentials at the community college level or higher.

Estimates of educational attainment are developed by the Census Bureau based on the 2000 Decennial Census and the American Community Survey (ACS). The census is conducted every 10 years, but the ACS provides annually updated data on the characteristics of population and housing. In 2005, ACS became the largest household survey in the United States, with an annual sample size of about 3 million addresses. Estimates of population are taken from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program, which is also based on the 2000 Decennial Census.

Data Table

Table 8-23
Associate's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
 
  Associate's degree holders
25–44 years old
  Population 25–44 years old   Associate's degree
holders/ individuals
25–44 years old (%)
State 2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005
 
United States 29,471,612 30,738,684 31,382,831   85,040,251 84,216,990 84,010,639   34.7 36.5 37.4
Alabama 370,196 381,050 389,490   1,288,527 1,241,184 1,234,729   28.7 30.7 31.5
Alaska 61,646 58,059 58,631   203,522 194,823 194,890   30.3 29.8 30.1
Arizona 472,901 498,703 552,805   1,511,469 1,599,029 1,694,572   31.3 31.2 32.6
Arkansas 177,657 187,589 202,622   750,972 738,579 750,229   23.7 25.4 27.0
California 3,670,622 3,918,228 3,892,099   10,714,403 10,832,873 10,794,860   34.3 36.2 36.1
Colorado 596,036 623,279 636,437   1,400,850 1,417,501 1,421,418   42.5 44.0 44.8
Connecticut 443,608 447,818 432,451   1,032,689 999,800 968,330   43.0 44.8 44.7
Delaware 84,170 90,649 87,994   236,441 233,356 233,683   35.6 38.8 37.7
District of Columbia 90,097 100,283 103,236   189,439 188,758 189,675   47.6 53.1 54.4
Florida 1,513,345 1,616,842 1,694,517   4,569,347 4,676,558 4,812,867   33.1 34.6 35.2
Georgia 884,108 929,979 1,013,471   2,652,764 2,723,720 2,784,441   33.3 34.1 36.4
Hawaii 136,758 132,630 129,858   362,336 352,806 355,620   37.7 37.6 36.5
Idaho 112,690 121,592 121,718   362,401 370,690 387,620   31.1 32.8 31.4
Illinois 1,444,942 1,487,189 1,530,725   3,795,544 3,727,314 3,672,713   38.1 39.9 41.7
Indiana 537,644 543,808 562,483   1,791,828 1,748,331 1,741,859   30.0 31.1 32.3
Iowa 289,740 294,559 317,772   808,259 775,320 764,399   35.8 38.0 41.6
Kansas 282,475 307,608 289,848   769,204 743,961 732,886   36.7 41.3 39.5
Kentucky 317,109 335,263 353,170   1,210,773 1,182,970 1,187,091   26.2 28.3 29.8
Louisiana 316,348 346,949 340,337   1,293,128 1,230,819 1,217,481   24.5 28.2 28.0
Maine 122,958 128,525 123,129   370,597 358,691 350,196   33.2 35.8 35.2
Maryland 672,460 714,825 693,317   1,664,677 1,641,907 1,615,367   40.4 43.5 42.9
Massachusetts 942,748 970,834 932,197   1,989,783 1,922,446 1,848,998   47.4 50.5 50.4
Michigan 982,169 1,026,212 1,013,031   2,960,544 2,840,435 2,772,896   33.2 36.1 36.5
Minnesota 631,677 668,668 684,727   1,497,320 1,465,370 1,443,493   42.2 45.6 47.4
Mississippi 208,866 214,703 231,759   807,170 782,327 778,254   25.9 27.4 29.8
Missouri 517,750 541,597 543,130   1,626,302 1,587,931 1,585,316   31.8 34.1 34.3
Montana 81,428 85,047 85,590   245,220 232,735 232,383   33.2 36.5 36.8
Nebraska 185,090 187,939 202,182   487,107 471,024 464,556   38.0 39.9 43.5
Nevada 152,536 167,370 193,902   628,572 679,392 729,594   24.3 24.6 26.6
New Hampshire 156,434 163,231 161,161   381,240 373,644 364,731   41.0 43.7 44.2
New Jersey 1,076,450 1,105,776 1,114,215   2,624,146 2,578,072 2,510,115   41.0 42.9 44.4
New Mexico 149,398 142,448 153,406   516,100 506,956 511,007   28.9 28.1 30.0
New York 2,359,507 2,432,498 2,499,314   5,831,622 5,667,484 5,501,929   40.5 42.9 45.4
North Carolina 844,019 892,169 933,034   2,500,535 2,507,025 2,523,658   33.8 35.6 37.0
North Dakota 71,509 70,144 73,974   174,891 160,522 156,178   40.9 43.7 47.4
Ohio 1,075,353 1,107,195 1,098,912   3,325,210 3,172,294 3,105,980   32.3 34.9 35.4
Oklahoma 276,525 275,638 296,769   975,169 946,358 944,171   28.4 29.1 31.4
Oregon 333,963 355,143 361,760   997,269 1,003,698 1,015,644   33.5 35.4 35.6
Pennsylvania 1,230,548 1,243,379 1,269,457   3,508,562 3,343,434 3,255,635   35.1 37.2 39.0
Rhode Island 117,758 128,487 127,598   310,636 306,459 296,717   37.9 41.9 43.0
South Carolina 357,570 370,577 389,378   1,185,955 1,167,347 1,171,573   30.2 31.7 33.2
South Dakota 73,128 76,724 82,619   206,399 197,386 195,213   35.4 38.9 42.3
Tennessee 489,940 511,871 521,417   1,718,428 1,684,796 1,698,611   28.5 30.4 30.7
Texas 1,973,279 2,059,427 2,112,582   6,484,321 6,644,003 6,762,605   30.4 31.0 31.2
Utah 222,534 247,337 276,707   626,600 648,111 695,736   35.5 38.2 39.8
Vermont 70,277 68,018 68,447   176,456 168,392 163,707   39.8 40.4 41.8
Virginia 874,239 904,354 925,208   2,237,655 2,227,978 2,228,610   39.1 40.6 41.5
Washington 693,591 721,329 739,976   1,816,217 1,803,610 1,820,192   38.2 40.0 40.7
West Virginia 115,337 123,752 125,231   501,343 479,781 478,383   23.0 25.8 26.2
Wisconsin 566,244 566,942 596,923   1,581,690 1,537,180 1,517,725   35.8 36.9 39.3
Wyoming 44,235 44,448 42,115   138,619 131,810 132,103   31.9 33.7 31.9
 
Puerto Rico 358,595 NA 424,718   1,049,995 1,069,617 1,077,981   34.2 NA 39.4
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (54.4–42.3)
  • 2nd quartile
    (41.8–36.5)
  • 3rd quartile
    (36.4–31.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (31.4–26.2)

Quartiles

Associate's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(54.4%–42.3%)
2nd Quartile
(41.8%–36.5%)
3rd Quartile
(36.4%–31.5%)
4th Quartile
(31.4%–26.2%)
 
Colorado Delaware Alabama Alaska
Connecticut Hawaii Arizona Arkansas
District of Columbia Illinois California Idaho
Maryland Iowa Florida Kentucky
Massachusetts Kansas Georgia Louisiana
Minnesota Michigan Indiana Mississippi
Nebraska Montana Maine Nevada
New Hampshire North Carolina Missouri New Mexico
New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Oklahoma
New York Utah Oregon Tennessee
North Dakota Vermont South Carolina Texas
Rhode Island Virginia Wyoming West Virginia
South Dakota Washington    
  Wisconsin    
 
SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The early- to mid-career population with at least an associate's degree was 37.4% nationwide in 2005, which represents an increase from 34.7% in 2000.
  • Only Alaska failed to show an increase in the percentage of its early career population with at least an associate's degree between 2000 and 2005. Eighteen states had 2005 values below the 2000 national average of 34.7% compared with 27 states with values below this level in 2000.
  • In 2005, the percentage of this cohort with at least an associate's degree varied greatly among states, ranging from 50.4% to 26.2%. States with the lowest cost of living tended to rank lowest on this indicator.

Description

This indicator represents the percentage of the early- to mid-career population that has earned at least a college degree. That degree may be at the associate's through doctoral level. The indicator represents where college degree holders have chosen to live and work rather than where they were educated. The age cohort of 25–44 years represents the group most likely to have completed a college program. High values indicate a resident population or potential workforce with widespread credentials at the community college level or higher.

Estimates of educational attainment are developed by the Census Bureau based on the 2000 Decennial Census and the American Community Survey (ACS). The census is conducted every 10 years, but the ACS provides annually updated data on the characteristics of population and housing. In 2005, ACS became the largest household survey in the United States, with an annual sample size of about 3 million addresses. Estimates of population are taken from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program, which is also based on the 2000 Decennial Census.

Data Table

Table 8-23
Associate's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
 
  Associate's degree holders
25–44 years old
  Population 25–44 years old   Associate's degree
holders/ individuals
25–44 years old (%)
State 2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005
 
United States 29,471,612 30,738,684 31,382,831   85,040,251 84,216,990 84,010,639   34.7 36.5 37.4
Alabama 370,196 381,050 389,490   1,288,527 1,241,184 1,234,729   28.7 30.7 31.5
Alaska 61,646 58,059 58,631   203,522 194,823 194,890   30.3 29.8 30.1
Arizona 472,901 498,703 552,805   1,511,469 1,599,029 1,694,572   31.3 31.2 32.6
Arkansas 177,657 187,589 202,622   750,972 738,579 750,229   23.7 25.4 27.0
California 3,670,622 3,918,228 3,892,099   10,714,403 10,832,873 10,794,860   34.3 36.2 36.1
Colorado 596,036 623,279 636,437   1,400,850 1,417,501 1,421,418   42.5 44.0 44.8
Connecticut 443,608 447,818 432,451   1,032,689 999,800 968,330   43.0 44.8 44.7
Delaware 84,170 90,649 87,994   236,441 233,356 233,683   35.6 38.8 37.7
District of Columbia 90,097 100,283 103,236   189,439 188,758 189,675   47.6 53.1 54.4
Florida 1,513,345 1,616,842 1,694,517   4,569,347 4,676,558 4,812,867   33.1 34.6 35.2
Georgia 884,108 929,979 1,013,471   2,652,764 2,723,720 2,784,441   33.3 34.1 36.4
Hawaii 136,758 132,630 129,858   362,336 352,806 355,620   37.7 37.6 36.5
Idaho 112,690 121,592 121,718   362,401 370,690 387,620   31.1 32.8 31.4
Illinois 1,444,942 1,487,189 1,530,725   3,795,544 3,727,314 3,672,713   38.1 39.9 41.7
Indiana 537,644 543,808 562,483   1,791,828 1,748,331 1,741,859   30.0 31.1 32.3
Iowa 289,740 294,559 317,772   808,259 775,320 764,399   35.8 38.0 41.6
Kansas 282,475 307,608 289,848   769,204 743,961 732,886   36.7 41.3 39.5
Kentucky 317,109 335,263 353,170   1,210,773 1,182,970 1,187,091   26.2 28.3 29.8
Louisiana 316,348 346,949 340,337   1,293,128 1,230,819 1,217,481   24.5 28.2 28.0
Maine 122,958 128,525 123,129   370,597 358,691 350,196   33.2 35.8 35.2
Maryland 672,460 714,825 693,317   1,664,677 1,641,907 1,615,367   40.4 43.5 42.9
Massachusetts 942,748 970,834 932,197   1,989,783 1,922,446 1,848,998   47.4 50.5 50.4
Michigan 982,169 1,026,212 1,013,031   2,960,544 2,840,435 2,772,896   33.2 36.1 36.5
Minnesota 631,677 668,668 684,727   1,497,320 1,465,370 1,443,493   42.2 45.6 47.4
Mississippi 208,866 214,703 231,759   807,170 782,327 778,254   25.9 27.4 29.8
Missouri 517,750 541,597 543,130   1,626,302 1,587,931 1,585,316   31.8 34.1 34.3
Montana 81,428 85,047 85,590   245,220 232,735 232,383   33.2 36.5 36.8
Nebraska 185,090 187,939 202,182   487,107 471,024 464,556   38.0 39.9 43.5
Nevada 152,536 167,370 193,902   628,572 679,392 729,594   24.3 24.6 26.6
New Hampshire 156,434 163,231 161,161   381,240 373,644 364,731   41.0 43.7 44.2
New Jersey 1,076,450 1,105,776 1,114,215   2,624,146 2,578,072 2,510,115   41.0 42.9 44.4
New Mexico 149,398 142,448 153,406   516,100 506,956 511,007   28.9 28.1 30.0
New York 2,359,507 2,432,498 2,499,314   5,831,622 5,667,484 5,501,929   40.5 42.9 45.4
North Carolina 844,019 892,169 933,034   2,500,535 2,507,025 2,523,658   33.8 35.6 37.0
North Dakota 71,509 70,144 73,974   174,891 160,522 156,178   40.9 43.7 47.4
Ohio 1,075,353 1,107,195 1,098,912   3,325,210 3,172,294 3,105,980   32.3 34.9 35.4
Oklahoma 276,525 275,638 296,769   975,169 946,358 944,171   28.4 29.1 31.4
Oregon 333,963 355,143 361,760   997,269 1,003,698 1,015,644   33.5 35.4 35.6
Pennsylvania 1,230,548 1,243,379 1,269,457   3,508,562 3,343,434 3,255,635   35.1 37.2 39.0
Rhode Island 117,758 128,487 127,598   310,636 306,459 296,717   37.9 41.9 43.0
South Carolina 357,570 370,577 389,378   1,185,955 1,167,347 1,171,573   30.2 31.7 33.2
South Dakota 73,128 76,724 82,619   206,399 197,386 195,213   35.4 38.9 42.3
Tennessee 489,940 511,871 521,417   1,718,428 1,684,796 1,698,611   28.5 30.4 30.7
Texas 1,973,279 2,059,427 2,112,582   6,484,321 6,644,003 6,762,605   30.4 31.0 31.2
Utah 222,534 247,337 276,707   626,600 648,111 695,736   35.5 38.2 39.8
Vermont 70,277 68,018 68,447   176,456 168,392 163,707   39.8 40.4 41.8
Virginia 874,239 904,354 925,208   2,237,655 2,227,978 2,228,610   39.1 40.6 41.5
Washington 693,591 721,329 739,976   1,816,217 1,803,610 1,820,192   38.2 40.0 40.7
West Virginia 115,337 123,752 125,231   501,343 479,781 478,383   23.0 25.8 26.2
Wisconsin 566,244 566,942 596,923   1,581,690 1,537,180 1,517,725   35.8 36.9 39.3
Wyoming 44,235 44,448 42,115   138,619 131,810 132,103   31.9 33.7 31.9
 
Puerto Rico 358,595 NA 424,718   1,049,995 1,069,617 1,077,981   34.2 NA 39.4
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
Right-click on image to save.