Higher Education

Bachelor's Degree Holders or Higher Among Individuals 25–44 Years Old: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    (51.0–32.8)
  • 2nd quartile
    (32.1–28.0)
  • 3rd quartile
    (27.6–23.4)
  • 4th quartile
    (23.3–19.1)

Quartiles

Bachelor's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(51.0%–32.8%)
2nd Quartile
(32.1%–28.0%)
3rd Quartile
(27.6%–23.4%)
4th Quartile
(23.3%–19.1%)
 
Colorado California Alabama Alaska
Connecticut Delaware Arizona Arkansas
District of Columbia Georgia Florida Idaho
Illinois Iowa Hawaii Kentucky
Maryland Kansas Indiana Louisiana
Massachusetts Nebraska Maine Mississippi
Minnesota North Dakota Michigan Nevada
New Hampshire Oregon Missouri New Mexico
New Jersey Pennsylvania Montana Oklahoma
New York South Dakota North Carolina West Virginia
Rhode Island Utah Ohio Wyoming
Vermont Washington South Carolina  
Virginia Wisconsin Tennessee  
    Texas  
 
SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The early- to mid-career population with at least a bachelor's degree was 29.0% nationwide in 2005, which represents an increase from 26.8% in 2000.
  • Only Hawaii failed to show an increase in the percentage of its early career population with at least a bachelor's degree between 2000 and 2005. Twenty states had 2005 values below the 2000 national average of 26.8% compared with 30 states with values below this level in 2000.
  • In 2005, the percentage of the early career population with at least a bachelor's degree varied greatly among states, ranging from 42.2% to 19.1%. States with the lowest cost of living tended to rank lowest on this indicator.

Description

This indicator represents the percentage of the early- to mid-career population that has earned at least a 4-year undergraduate degree. That degree may be at the bachelor's through doctoral level. The indicator represents where college degree holders have chosen to live and work rather than where they were educated. The age cohort of 25–44 years represents the group most likely to have completed a college program. High values indicate a resident population or potential workforce with widespread credentials at the college or university level.

Estimates of educational attainment are developed by the Census Bureau based on the 2000 Decennial Census and the American Community Survey (ACS). The census is conducted every 10 years, but the ACS provides annually updated data on the characteristics of population and housing. In 2005, ACS became the largest household survey in the United States, with an annual sample size of about 3 million addresses. Estimates of population are taken from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program, which is also based on the 2000 Decennial Census.

Data Table

Table 8-24
Bachelor's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
 
  Bachelor's degree
holders 25–44 years old
  Population 25–44 years old   Bachelor's degree
holders/individuals
25–44 years old (%)
State 2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005
 
United States 22,781,996 23,984,096 24,353,620   85,040,251 84,216,990 84,010,639   26.8 28.5 29.0
Alabama 275,759 282,805 288,817   1,288,527 1,241,184 1,234,729   21.4 22.8 23.4
Alaska 45,560 44,868 45,315   203,522 194,823 194,890   22.4 23.0 23.3
Arizona 355,836 374,059 408,522   1,511,469 1,599,029 1,694,572   23.5 23.4 24.1
Arkansas 136,883 149,619 152,225   750,972 738,579 750,229   18.2 20.3 20.3
California 2,882,717 3,134,086 3,112,603   10,714,403 10,832,873 10,794,860   26.9 28.9 28.8
Colorado 480,984 513,973 512,178   1,400,850 1,417,501 1,421,418   34.3 36.3 36.0
Connecticut 362,272 380,576 362,929   1,032,689 999,800 968,330   35.1 38.1 37.5
Delaware 65,811 73,052 71,090   236,441 233,356 233,683   27.8 31.3 30.4
District of Columbia 84,836 96,119 96,816   189,439 188,758 189,675   44.8 50.9 51.0
Florida 1,081,551 1,159,165 1,212,200   4,569,347 4,676,558 4,812,867   23.7 24.8 25.2
Georgia 718,591 766,181 820,695   2,652,764 2,723,720 2,784,441   27.1 28.1 29.5
Hawaii 99,378 97,202 95,029   362,336 352,806 355,620   27.4 27.6 26.7
Idaho 80,235 88,937 89,959   362,401 370,690 387,620   22.1 24.0 23.2
Illinois 1,149,688 1,191,554 1,216,933   3,795,544 3,727,314 3,672,713   30.3 32.0 33.1
Indiana 397,050 404,241 408,107   1,791,828 1,748,331 1,741,859   22.2 23.1 23.4
Iowa 202,004 200,579 221,497   808,259 775,320 764,399   25.0 25.9 29.0
Kansas 223,467 243,308 224,946   769,204 743,961 732,886   29.1 32.7 30.7
Kentucky 234,921 247,142 256,209   1,210,773 1,182,970 1,187,091   19.4 20.9 21.6
Louisiana 256,363 283,161 267,429   1,293,128 1,230,819 1,217,481   19.8 23.0 22.0
Maine 86,989 92,827 85,987   370,597 358,691 350,196   23.5 25.9 24.6
Maryland 566,294 600,135 582,280   1,664,677 1,641,907 1,615,367   34.0 36.6 36.0
Massachusetts 773,569 820,821 780,522   1,989,783 1,922,446 1,848,998   38.9 42.7 42.2
Michigan 719,607 764,082 757,970   2,960,544 2,840,435 2,772,896   24.3 26.9 27.3
Minnesota 476,707 506,833 511,402   1,497,320 1,465,370 1,443,493   31.8 34.6 35.4
Mississippi 144,488 149,176 152,606   807,170 782,327 778,254   17.9 19.1 19.6
Missouri 407,449 424,660 429,501   1,626,302 1,587,931 1,585,316   25.1 26.7 27.1
Montana 62,682 63,186 63,693   245,220 232,735 232,383   25.6 27.1 27.4
Nebraska 134,516 138,152 149,233   487,107 471,024 464,556   27.6 29.3 32.1
Nevada 111,517 128,178 143,301   628,572 679,392 729,594   17.7 18.9 19.6
New Hampshire 114,745 121,639 122,682   381,240 373,644 364,731   30.1 32.6 33.6
New Jersey 899,016 932,505 943,939   2,624,146 2,578,072 2,510,115   34.3 36.2 37.6
New Mexico 110,360 106,530 110,562   516,100 506,956 511,007   21.4 21.0 21.6
New York 1,817,661 1,885,493 1,964,870   5,831,622 5,667,484 5,501,929   31.2 33.3 35.7
North Carolina 636,799 682,432 697,740   2,500,535 2,507,025 2,523,658   25.5 27.2 27.6
North Dakota 46,291 49,712 48,381   174,891 160,522 156,178   26.5 31.0 31.0
Ohio 806,803 835,693 833,138   3,325,210 3,172,294 3,105,980   24.3 26.3 26.8
Oklahoma 209,025 211,507 218,272   975,169 946,358 944,171   21.4 22.3 23.1
Oregon 257,875 278,460 284,778   997,269 1,003,698 1,015,644   25.9 27.7 28.0
Pennsylvania 938,930 959,366 979,367   3,508,562 3,343,434 3,255,635   26.8 28.7 30.1
Rhode Island 88,647 101,468 98,477   310,636 306,459 296,717   28.5 33.1 33.2
South Carolina 259,773 279,322 283,280   1,185,955 1,167,347 1,171,573   21.9 23.9 24.2
South Dakota 51,213 52,989 56,951   206,399 197,386 195,213   24.8 26.8 29.2
Tennessee 380,929 393,328 401,027   1,718,428 1,684,796 1,698,611   22.2 23.3 23.6
Texas 1,571,951 1,623,020 1,668,865   6,484,321 6,644,003 6,762,605   24.2 24.4 24.7
Utah 162,495 174,787 197,780   626,600 648,111 695,736   25.9 27.0 28.4
Vermont 52,787 53,121 53,693   176,456 168,392 163,707   29.9 31.5 32.8
Virginia 722,081 750,953 763,865   2,237,655 2,227,978 2,228,610   32.3 33.7 34.3
Washington 520,382 553,669 554,104   1,816,217 1,803,610 1,820,192   28.7 30.7 30.4
West Virginia 83,441 92,148 91,539   501,343 479,781 478,383   16.6 19.2 19.1
Wisconsin 402,965 396,601 430,486   1,581,690 1,537,180 1,517,725   25.5 25.8 28.4
Wyoming 30,103 30,676 29,830   138,619 131,810 132,103   21.7 23.3 22.6
 
Puerto Rico 245,975 NA 276,934   1,049,995 1,069,617 1,077,981   23.4 NA 25.7
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (51.0–32.8)
  • 2nd quartile
    (32.1–28.0)
  • 3rd quartile
    (27.6–23.4)
  • 4th quartile
    (23.3–19.1)

Quartiles

Bachelor's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old: 2005
 
1st quartile
(51.0%–32.8%)
2nd Quartile
(32.1%–28.0%)
3rd Quartile
(27.6%–23.4%)
4th Quartile
(23.3%–19.1%)
 
Colorado California Alabama Alaska
Connecticut Delaware Arizona Arkansas
District of Columbia Georgia Florida Idaho
Illinois Iowa Hawaii Kentucky
Maryland Kansas Indiana Louisiana
Massachusetts Nebraska Maine Mississippi
Minnesota North Dakota Michigan Nevada
New Hampshire Oregon Missouri New Mexico
New Jersey Pennsylvania Montana Oklahoma
New York South Dakota North Carolina West Virginia
Rhode Island Utah Ohio Wyoming
Vermont Washington South Carolina  
Virginia Wisconsin Tennessee  
    Texas  
 
SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years). See Data Table.

Findings

  • The early- to mid-career population with at least a bachelor's degree was 29.0% nationwide in 2005, which represents an increase from 26.8% in 2000.
  • Only Hawaii failed to show an increase in the percentage of its early career population with at least a bachelor's degree between 2000 and 2005. Twenty states had 2005 values below the 2000 national average of 26.8% compared with 30 states with values below this level in 2000.
  • In 2005, the percentage of the early career population with at least a bachelor's degree varied greatly among states, ranging from 42.2% to 19.1%. States with the lowest cost of living tended to rank lowest on this indicator.

Description

This indicator represents the percentage of the early- to mid-career population that has earned at least a 4-year undergraduate degree. That degree may be at the bachelor's through doctoral level. The indicator represents where college degree holders have chosen to live and work rather than where they were educated. The age cohort of 25–44 years represents the group most likely to have completed a college program. High values indicate a resident population or potential workforce with widespread credentials at the college or university level.

Estimates of educational attainment are developed by the Census Bureau based on the 2000 Decennial Census and the American Community Survey (ACS). The census is conducted every 10 years, but the ACS provides annually updated data on the characteristics of population and housing. In 2005, ACS became the largest household survey in the United States, with an annual sample size of about 3 million addresses. Estimates of population are taken from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program, which is also based on the 2000 Decennial Census.

Data Table

Table 8-24
Bachelor's degree holders or higher among individuals 25–44 years old, by state: 2000, 2003, and 2005
 
  Bachelor's degree
holders 25–44 years old
  Population 25–44 years old   Bachelor's degree
holders/individuals
25–44 years old (%)
State 2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005    2000 2003 2005
 
United States 22,781,996 23,984,096 24,353,620   85,040,251 84,216,990 84,010,639   26.8 28.5 29.0
Alabama 275,759 282,805 288,817   1,288,527 1,241,184 1,234,729   21.4 22.8 23.4
Alaska 45,560 44,868 45,315   203,522 194,823 194,890   22.4 23.0 23.3
Arizona 355,836 374,059 408,522   1,511,469 1,599,029 1,694,572   23.5 23.4 24.1
Arkansas 136,883 149,619 152,225   750,972 738,579 750,229   18.2 20.3 20.3
California 2,882,717 3,134,086 3,112,603   10,714,403 10,832,873 10,794,860   26.9 28.9 28.8
Colorado 480,984 513,973 512,178   1,400,850 1,417,501 1,421,418   34.3 36.3 36.0
Connecticut 362,272 380,576 362,929   1,032,689 999,800 968,330   35.1 38.1 37.5
Delaware 65,811 73,052 71,090   236,441 233,356 233,683   27.8 31.3 30.4
District of Columbia 84,836 96,119 96,816   189,439 188,758 189,675   44.8 50.9 51.0
Florida 1,081,551 1,159,165 1,212,200   4,569,347 4,676,558 4,812,867   23.7 24.8 25.2
Georgia 718,591 766,181 820,695   2,652,764 2,723,720 2,784,441   27.1 28.1 29.5
Hawaii 99,378 97,202 95,029   362,336 352,806 355,620   27.4 27.6 26.7
Idaho 80,235 88,937 89,959   362,401 370,690 387,620   22.1 24.0 23.2
Illinois 1,149,688 1,191,554 1,216,933   3,795,544 3,727,314 3,672,713   30.3 32.0 33.1
Indiana 397,050 404,241 408,107   1,791,828 1,748,331 1,741,859   22.2 23.1 23.4
Iowa 202,004 200,579 221,497   808,259 775,320 764,399   25.0 25.9 29.0
Kansas 223,467 243,308 224,946   769,204 743,961 732,886   29.1 32.7 30.7
Kentucky 234,921 247,142 256,209   1,210,773 1,182,970 1,187,091   19.4 20.9 21.6
Louisiana 256,363 283,161 267,429   1,293,128 1,230,819 1,217,481   19.8 23.0 22.0
Maine 86,989 92,827 85,987   370,597 358,691 350,196   23.5 25.9 24.6
Maryland 566,294 600,135 582,280   1,664,677 1,641,907 1,615,367   34.0 36.6 36.0
Massachusetts 773,569 820,821 780,522   1,989,783 1,922,446 1,848,998   38.9 42.7 42.2
Michigan 719,607 764,082 757,970   2,960,544 2,840,435 2,772,896   24.3 26.9 27.3
Minnesota 476,707 506,833 511,402   1,497,320 1,465,370 1,443,493   31.8 34.6 35.4
Mississippi 144,488 149,176 152,606   807,170 782,327 778,254   17.9 19.1 19.6
Missouri 407,449 424,660 429,501   1,626,302 1,587,931 1,585,316   25.1 26.7 27.1
Montana 62,682 63,186 63,693   245,220 232,735 232,383   25.6 27.1 27.4
Nebraska 134,516 138,152 149,233   487,107 471,024 464,556   27.6 29.3 32.1
Nevada 111,517 128,178 143,301   628,572 679,392 729,594   17.7 18.9 19.6
New Hampshire 114,745 121,639 122,682   381,240 373,644 364,731   30.1 32.6 33.6
New Jersey 899,016 932,505 943,939   2,624,146 2,578,072 2,510,115   34.3 36.2 37.6
New Mexico 110,360 106,530 110,562   516,100 506,956 511,007   21.4 21.0 21.6
New York 1,817,661 1,885,493 1,964,870   5,831,622 5,667,484 5,501,929   31.2 33.3 35.7
North Carolina 636,799 682,432 697,740   2,500,535 2,507,025 2,523,658   25.5 27.2 27.6
North Dakota 46,291 49,712 48,381   174,891 160,522 156,178   26.5 31.0 31.0
Ohio 806,803 835,693 833,138   3,325,210 3,172,294 3,105,980   24.3 26.3 26.8
Oklahoma 209,025 211,507 218,272   975,169 946,358 944,171   21.4 22.3 23.1
Oregon 257,875 278,460 284,778   997,269 1,003,698 1,015,644   25.9 27.7 28.0
Pennsylvania 938,930 959,366 979,367   3,508,562 3,343,434 3,255,635   26.8 28.7 30.1
Rhode Island 88,647 101,468 98,477   310,636 306,459 296,717   28.5 33.1 33.2
South Carolina 259,773 279,322 283,280   1,185,955 1,167,347 1,171,573   21.9 23.9 24.2
South Dakota 51,213 52,989 56,951   206,399 197,386 195,213   24.8 26.8 29.2
Tennessee 380,929 393,328 401,027   1,718,428 1,684,796 1,698,611   22.2 23.3 23.6
Texas 1,571,951 1,623,020 1,668,865   6,484,321 6,644,003 6,762,605   24.2 24.4 24.7
Utah 162,495 174,787 197,780   626,600 648,111 695,736   25.9 27.0 28.4
Vermont 52,787 53,121 53,693   176,456 168,392 163,707   29.9 31.5 32.8
Virginia 722,081 750,953 763,865   2,237,655 2,227,978 2,228,610   32.3 33.7 34.3
Washington 520,382 553,669 554,104   1,816,217 1,803,610 1,820,192   28.7 30.7 30.4
West Virginia 83,441 92,148 91,539   501,343 479,781 478,383   16.6 19.2 19.1
Wisconsin 402,965 396,601 430,486   1,581,690 1,537,180 1,517,725   25.5 25.8 28.4
Wyoming 30,103 30,676 29,830   138,619 131,810 132,103   21.7 23.3 22.6
 
Puerto Rico 245,975 NA 276,934   1,049,995 1,069,617 1,077,981   23.4 NA 25.7
 

NA = not available

SOURCES: Census Bureau, 2000 Decennial Census; Population Estimates Program (various years); and American Community Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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