Workforce

Individuals in S&E Occupations as Share of Workforce: 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (21.59%–3.90%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (3.89%–3.32%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (3.31%–2.70%)
  • 4th quartile
    (2.68%–1.92%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(21.59%–3.90%)
2nd Quartile
(3.89%–3.32%)
3rd Quartile
(3.31%–2.70%)
4th Quartile
(2.68%–1.92%)
No Data
 
California Arizona Alabama Arkansas Idaho
Colorado Illinois Alaska Indiana  
Connecticut Kansas Florida Kentucky  
Delaware Missouri Georgia Louisiana  
District of Columbia Nebraska Hawaii Maine  
Maryland New Hampshire Iowa Mississippi  
Massachusetts New Mexico Montana Nevada  
Michigan New York North Carolina South Carolina  
Minnesota Oregon North Dakota South Dakota  
New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Tennessee  
Utah Texas Oklahoma West Virginia  
Virginia Vermont Rhode Island    
Washington Wisconsin Wyoming    
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2006, 3.7% of the U.S. workforce, or about 5.4 million people, worked in occupations classified as S&E.
  • The percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 1.9% to 6.5% in individual states in 2006.
  • The highest percentage of S&E occupations was found in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia as well as in Massachusetts, Washington, and Colorado.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of S&E occupations increased in 29 states and the District of Columbia, and it decreased in 18 states.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in S&E occupations. A high value for this indicator shows that a state's economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes that encompass mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these S&E fields. Managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel are excluded.

The location of S&E occupations primarily reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. Civilian workforce data are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-26
Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  S&E occupations   Employed workforce   Workforce in S&E
occupations (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 5,065,330 5,383,860   139,213,523 144,581,912   3.64 3.72
Alabama 57,560 66,100   2,014,678 2,120,573   2.86 3.12
Alaska 10,660 10,720   312,922 323,531   3.41 3.31
Arizona 95,380 98,110   2,649,243 2,854,381   3.60 3.44
Arkansas 22,150 24,860   1,228,163 1,292,886   1.80 1.92
California 693,670 730,010   16,444,457 17,029,307   4.22 4.29
Colorado 126,280 133,730   2,384,562 2,537,037   5.30 5.27
Connecticut 82,820 79,380   1,714,758 1,765,075   4.83 4.50
Delaware 17,980 21,550   408,022 424,506   4.41 5.08
District of Columbia 57,750 64,120   285,567 296,957   20.22 21.59
Florida 229,950 246,190   8,056,259 8,692,761   2.85 2.83
Georgia 141,710 136,470   4,257,465 4,522,025   3.33 3.02
Hawaii 16,360 18,940   597,147 628,277   2.74 3.01
Idaho 22,310 NA   670,746 723,621   3.33 NA
Illinois 219,530 222,470   6,012,320 6,315,715   3.65 3.52
Indiana 79,120 80,110   3,017,271 3,108,806   2.62 2.58
Iowa 39,280 43,670   1,542,342 1,602,849   2.55 2.72
Kansas 52,020 48,620   1,378,713 1,400,169   3.77 3.47
Kentucky 44,350 44,680   1,859,902 1,922,163   2.38 2.32
Louisiana 42,230 40,180   1,926,594 1,910,348   2.19 2.10
Maine 15,160 15,950   661,163 678,843   2.29 2.35
Maryland 154,310 159,470   2,766,653 2,892,620   5.58 5.51
Massachusetts 186,260 198,670   3,204,653 3,234,860   5.81 6.14
Michigan 183,140 208,520   4,694,981 4,730,291   3.90 4.41
Minnesota 119,380 125,930   2,781,744 2,822,297   4.29 4.46
Mississippi 23,190 24,910   1,234,167 1,218,664   1.88 2.04
Missouri 87,200 96,420   2,821,802 2,885,857   3.09 3.34
Montana 11,390 13,010   456,624 478,162   2.49 2.72
Nebraska 31,720 32,500   940,047 945,270   3.37 3.44
Nevada 23,980 26,930   1,134,550 1,240,868   2.11 2.17
New Hampshire 24,350 27,680   693,648 711,512   3.51 3.89
New Jersey 165,150 176,460   4,177,841 4,309,021   3.95 4.10
New Mexico 33,500 30,800   850,164 895,623   3.94 3.44
New York 272,930 306,810   8,810,155 9,072,733   3.10 3.38
North Carolina 135,380 138,790   4,028,598 4,250,619   3.36 3.27
North Dakota 8,420 9,360   338,221 346,359   2.49 2.70
Ohio 180,360 185,190   5,507,404 5,609,056   3.27 3.30
Oklahoma NA 50,770   1,608,849 1,650,877   NA 3.08
Oregon 62,570 64,520   1,722,058 1,796,165   3.63 3.59
Pennsylvania 195,730 214,910   5,889,957 6,009,858   3.32 3.58
Rhode Island 19,660 18,060   531,121 547,618   3.70 3.30
South Carolina 51,030 53,230   1,900,122 1,988,378   2.69 2.68
South Dakota 9,420 10,120   409,263 417,100   2.30 2.43
Tennessee 65,120 67,040   2,733,793 2,835,530   2.38 2.36
Texas 383,180 408,710   10,456,224 10,921,673   3.66 3.74
Utah 43,030 49,690   1,169,163 1,272,801   3.68 3.90
Vermont 11,770 12,780   337,709 348,026   3.49 3.67
Virginia 220,180 251,720   3,704,593 3,878,988   5.94 6.49
Washington 154,610 171,780   3,008,352 3,160,350   5.14 5.44
West Virginia 16,100 17,150   744,034 767,134   2.16 2.24
Wisconsin 95,230 96,860   2,871,034 2,918,155   3.32 3.32
Wyoming 6,760 7,640   263,705 275,617   2.56 2.77
 
Puerto Rico 20,410 23,850   1,226,251 1,260,703   1.66 1.89
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (21.59%–3.90%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (3.89%–3.32%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (3.31%–2.70%)
  • 4th quartile
    (2.68%–1.92%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(21.59%–3.90%)
2nd Quartile
(3.89%–3.32%)
3rd Quartile
(3.31%–2.70%)
4th Quartile
(2.68%–1.92%)
No Data
 
California Arizona Alabama Arkansas Idaho
Colorado Illinois Alaska Indiana  
Connecticut Kansas Florida Kentucky  
Delaware Missouri Georgia Louisiana  
District of Columbia Nebraska Hawaii Maine  
Maryland New Hampshire Iowa Mississippi  
Massachusetts New Mexico Montana Nevada  
Michigan New York North Carolina South Carolina  
Minnesota Oregon North Dakota South Dakota  
New Jersey Pennsylvania Ohio Tennessee  
Utah Texas Oklahoma West Virginia  
Virginia Vermont Rhode Island    
Washington Wisconsin Wyoming    
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2006, 3.7% of the U.S. workforce, or about 5.4 million people, worked in occupations classified as S&E.
  • The percentage of the workforce engaged in S&E occupations ranged from 1.9% to 6.5% in individual states in 2006.
  • The highest percentage of S&E occupations was found in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia as well as in Massachusetts, Washington, and Colorado.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of S&E occupations increased in 29 states and the District of Columbia, and it decreased in 18 states.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce is employed in S&E occupations. A high value for this indicator shows that a state's economy has a high percentage of technical jobs relative to other states.

S&E occupations are defined by standard occupational codes that encompass mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these S&E fields. Managers, technicians, elementary and secondary schoolteachers, and medical personnel are excluded.

The location of S&E occupations primarily reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. Civilian workforce data are BLS estimates based on the Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-26
Individuals in S&E occupations as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  S&E occupations   Employed workforce   Workforce in S&E
occupations (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 5,065,330 5,383,860   139,213,523 144,581,912   3.64 3.72
Alabama 57,560 66,100   2,014,678 2,120,573   2.86 3.12
Alaska 10,660 10,720   312,922 323,531   3.41 3.31
Arizona 95,380 98,110   2,649,243 2,854,381   3.60 3.44
Arkansas 22,150 24,860   1,228,163 1,292,886   1.80 1.92
California 693,670 730,010   16,444,457 17,029,307   4.22 4.29
Colorado 126,280 133,730   2,384,562 2,537,037   5.30 5.27
Connecticut 82,820 79,380   1,714,758 1,765,075   4.83 4.50
Delaware 17,980 21,550   408,022 424,506   4.41 5.08
District of Columbia 57,750 64,120   285,567 296,957   20.22 21.59
Florida 229,950 246,190   8,056,259 8,692,761   2.85 2.83
Georgia 141,710 136,470   4,257,465 4,522,025   3.33 3.02
Hawaii 16,360 18,940   597,147 628,277   2.74 3.01
Idaho 22,310 NA   670,746 723,621   3.33 NA
Illinois 219,530 222,470   6,012,320 6,315,715   3.65 3.52
Indiana 79,120 80,110   3,017,271 3,108,806   2.62 2.58
Iowa 39,280 43,670   1,542,342 1,602,849   2.55 2.72
Kansas 52,020 48,620   1,378,713 1,400,169   3.77 3.47
Kentucky 44,350 44,680   1,859,902 1,922,163   2.38 2.32
Louisiana 42,230 40,180   1,926,594 1,910,348   2.19 2.10
Maine 15,160 15,950   661,163 678,843   2.29 2.35
Maryland 154,310 159,470   2,766,653 2,892,620   5.58 5.51
Massachusetts 186,260 198,670   3,204,653 3,234,860   5.81 6.14
Michigan 183,140 208,520   4,694,981 4,730,291   3.90 4.41
Minnesota 119,380 125,930   2,781,744 2,822,297   4.29 4.46
Mississippi 23,190 24,910   1,234,167 1,218,664   1.88 2.04
Missouri 87,200 96,420   2,821,802 2,885,857   3.09 3.34
Montana 11,390 13,010   456,624 478,162   2.49 2.72
Nebraska 31,720 32,500   940,047 945,270   3.37 3.44
Nevada 23,980 26,930   1,134,550 1,240,868   2.11 2.17
New Hampshire 24,350 27,680   693,648 711,512   3.51 3.89
New Jersey 165,150 176,460   4,177,841 4,309,021   3.95 4.10
New Mexico 33,500 30,800   850,164 895,623   3.94 3.44
New York 272,930 306,810   8,810,155 9,072,733   3.10 3.38
North Carolina 135,380 138,790   4,028,598 4,250,619   3.36 3.27
North Dakota 8,420 9,360   338,221 346,359   2.49 2.70
Ohio 180,360 185,190   5,507,404 5,609,056   3.27 3.30
Oklahoma NA 50,770   1,608,849 1,650,877   NA 3.08
Oregon 62,570 64,520   1,722,058 1,796,165   3.63 3.59
Pennsylvania 195,730 214,910   5,889,957 6,009,858   3.32 3.58
Rhode Island 19,660 18,060   531,121 547,618   3.70 3.30
South Carolina 51,030 53,230   1,900,122 1,988,378   2.69 2.68
South Dakota 9,420 10,120   409,263 417,100   2.30 2.43
Tennessee 65,120 67,040   2,733,793 2,835,530   2.38 2.36
Texas 383,180 408,710   10,456,224 10,921,673   3.66 3.74
Utah 43,030 49,690   1,169,163 1,272,801   3.68 3.90
Vermont 11,770 12,780   337,709 348,026   3.49 3.67
Virginia 220,180 251,720   3,704,593 3,878,988   5.94 6.49
Washington 154,610 171,780   3,008,352 3,160,350   5.14 5.44
West Virginia 16,100 17,150   744,034 767,134   2.16 2.24
Wisconsin 95,230 96,860   2,871,034 2,918,155   3.32 3.32
Wyoming 6,760 7,640   263,705 275,617   2.56 2.77
 
Puerto Rico 20,410 23,850   1,226,251 1,260,703   1.66 1.89
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
Right-click on image to save.