Workforce

Engineers as Share of Workforce: 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (3.00%–1.24%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (1.21%–0.99%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (0.93%–0.73%)
  • 4th quartile
    (0.71%–0.53%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Engineers as share of workforce, by state: 2006
 
1st quartile
(3.00%–1.24%)
2nd Quartile
(1.21%–0.99%)
3rd Quartile
(0.94%–0.73%)
4th Quartile
(0.71%–0.53%)
No Data
 
Alabama Alaska Florida Arkansas Oregon
Arizona Delaware Hawaii Georgia  
California Minnesota Illinois Iowa  
Colorado New Hampshire Indiana Kentucky  
Connecticut New Mexico Louisiana Maine  
District of Columbia Ohio Mississippi Montana  
Idaho Pennsylvania Missouri Nebraska  
Kansas Rhode Island New Jersey Nevada  
Maryland South Carolina New York North Carolina  
Massachusetts Texas North Dakota South Dakota  
Michigan Utah Oklahoma West Virginia  
Virginia Vermont Tennessee    
Washington Wisconsin Wyoming    
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In the United States, 1.54 million individuals were employed in engineering occupations in 2006, an increase over the 1.48 million engineers employed in 2004. During this period, the percentage of the workforce employed in engineering occupations remained unchanged at 1.06%.
  • The concentration of engineers in individual states ranged from 0.53% to 2.11% in 2006.
  • The District of Columbia was an outlier at 3.00%, reflecting the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of engineers in the workforce increased in 28 states and decreased in 17 states and the District of Columbia.
  • States in the top quartile for this indicator tended to have a relatively high concentration of high-technology businesses.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce includes trained engineers. The indicator encompasses the standard occupational codes for engineering fields such as aerospace, agricultural, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer hardware, electrical and electronics, environmental, industrial, marine and naval architectural, materials, mechanical, mining and geological, nuclear, and petroleum. Engineers design and operate production processes and create new products and services.

The location of engineering occupations primarily reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-28
Engineers as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Engineers   Employed workforce   Engineers in
workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 1,480,520 1,535,620   139,213,523 144,581,912   1.06 1.06
Alabama 22,170 26,210   2,014,678 2,120,573   1.10 1.24
Alaska 3,480 3,330   312,922 323,531   1.11 1.03
Arizona 36,180 35,630   2,649,243 2,854,381   1.37 1.25
Arkansas 5,900 7,210   1,228,163 1,292,886   0.48 0.56
California 220,120 231,480   16,444,457 17,029,307   1.34 1.36
Colorado 34,370 37,040   2,384,562 2,537,037   1.44 1.46
Connecticut 26,160 24,070   1,714,758 1,765,075   1.53 1.36
Delaware 3,810 4,810   408,022 424,506   0.93 1.13
District of Columbia 10,490 8,920   285,567 296,957   3.67 3.00
Florida 59,070 67,810   8,056,259 8,692,761   0.73 0.78
Georgia 30,550 30,170   4,257,465 4,522,025   0.72 0.67
Hawaii 4,560 5,380   597,147 628,277   0.76 0.86
Idaho 8,250 9,270   670,746 723,621   1.23 1.28
Illinois 59,010 57,270   6,012,320 6,315,715   0.98 0.91
Indiana 30,380 28,380   3,017,271 3,108,806   1.01 0.91
Iowa 9,900 10,420   1,542,342 1,602,849   0.64 0.65
Kansas 19,020 17,480   1,378,713 1,400,169   1.38 1.25
Kentucky 12,870 12,950   1,859,902 1,922,163   0.69 0.67
Louisiana 15,790 15,250   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.82 0.80
Maine 4,830 4,230   661,163 678,843   0.73 0.62
Maryland 33,190 36,880   2,766,653 2,892,620   1.20 1.27
Massachusetts 50,370 51,750   3,204,653 3,234,860   1.57 1.60
Michigan 91,600 99,680   4,694,981 4,730,291   1.95 2.11
Minnesota 30,370 28,280   2,781,744 2,822,297   1.09 1.00
Mississippi 8,140 9,830   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.66 0.81
Missouri 21,070 22,870   2,821,802 2,885,857   0.75 0.79
Montana 2,580 2,840   456,624 478,162   0.57 0.59
Nebraska 5,810 5,820   940,047 945,270   0.62 0.62
Nevada 7,190 7,960   1,134,550 1,240,868   0.63 0.64
New Hampshire 7,890 8,090   693,648 711,512   1.14 1.14
New Jersey 37,850 38,130   4,177,841 4,309,021   0.91 0.88
New Mexico 12,170 10,870   850,164 895,623   1.43 1.21
New York 64,920 68,540   8,810,155 9,072,733   0.74 0.76
North Carolina 31,400 30,040   4,028,598 4,250,619   0.78 0.71
North Dakota 2,230 2,520   338,221 346,359   0.66 0.73
Ohio 62,560 57,810   5,507,404 5,609,056   1.14 1.03
Oklahoma 12,520 13,840   1,608,849 1,650,877   0.78 0.84
Oregon 18,500 NA   1,722,058 1,796,165   1.07 NA
Pennsylvania NA 61,620   5,889,957 6,009,858   NA 1.03
Rhode Island 5,270 5,430   531,121 547,618   0.99 0.99
South Carolina 21,260 22,460   1,900,122 1,988,378   1.12 1.13
South Dakota 2,050 2,210   409,263 417,100   0.50 0.53
Tennessee 21,100 21,230   2,733,793 2,835,530   0.77 0.75
Texas 120,810 123,990   10,456,224 10,921,673   1.16 1.14
Utah 11,560 13,090   1,169,163 1,272,801   0.99 1.03
Vermont 3,440 3,780   337,709 348,026   1.02 1.09
Virginia 47,180 50,780   3,704,593 3,878,988   1.27 1.31
Washington 45,140 49,840   3,008,352 3,160,350   1.50 1.58
West Virginia 4,920 5,230   744,034 767,134   0.66 0.68
Wisconsin 29,590 30,990   2,871,034 2,918,155   1.03 1.06
Wyoming 2,290 2,570   263,705 275,617   0.87 0.93
 
Puerto Rico 7,290 8,280   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.59 0.66
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (3.00%–1.24%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (1.21%–0.99%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (0.93%–0.73%)
  • 4th quartile
    (0.71%–0.53%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Engineers as share of workforce, by state: 2006
 
1st quartile
(3.00%–1.24%)
2nd Quartile
(1.21%–0.99%)
3rd Quartile
(0.94%–0.73%)
4th Quartile
(0.71%–0.53%)
No Data
 
Alabama Alaska Florida Arkansas Oregon
Arizona Delaware Hawaii Georgia  
California Minnesota Illinois Iowa  
Colorado New Hampshire Indiana Kentucky  
Connecticut New Mexico Louisiana Maine  
District of Columbia Ohio Mississippi Montana  
Idaho Pennsylvania Missouri Nebraska  
Kansas Rhode Island New Jersey Nevada  
Maryland South Carolina New York North Carolina  
Massachusetts Texas North Dakota South Dakota  
Michigan Utah Oklahoma West Virginia  
Virginia Vermont Tennessee    
Washington Wisconsin Wyoming    
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In the United States, 1.54 million individuals were employed in engineering occupations in 2006, an increase over the 1.48 million engineers employed in 2004. During this period, the percentage of the workforce employed in engineering occupations remained unchanged at 1.06%.
  • The concentration of engineers in individual states ranged from 0.53% to 2.11% in 2006.
  • The District of Columbia was an outlier at 3.00%, reflecting the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of engineers in the workforce increased in 28 states and decreased in 17 states and the District of Columbia.
  • States in the top quartile for this indicator tended to have a relatively high concentration of high-technology businesses.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce includes trained engineers. The indicator encompasses the standard occupational codes for engineering fields such as aerospace, agricultural, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer hardware, electrical and electronics, environmental, industrial, marine and naval architectural, materials, mechanical, mining and geological, nuclear, and petroleum. Engineers design and operate production processes and create new products and services.

The location of engineering occupations primarily reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-28
Engineers as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Engineers   Employed workforce   Engineers in
workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 1,480,520 1,535,620   139,213,523 144,581,912   1.06 1.06
Alabama 22,170 26,210   2,014,678 2,120,573   1.10 1.24
Alaska 3,480 3,330   312,922 323,531   1.11 1.03
Arizona 36,180 35,630   2,649,243 2,854,381   1.37 1.25
Arkansas 5,900 7,210   1,228,163 1,292,886   0.48 0.56
California 220,120 231,480   16,444,457 17,029,307   1.34 1.36
Colorado 34,370 37,040   2,384,562 2,537,037   1.44 1.46
Connecticut 26,160 24,070   1,714,758 1,765,075   1.53 1.36
Delaware 3,810 4,810   408,022 424,506   0.93 1.13
District of Columbia 10,490 8,920   285,567 296,957   3.67 3.00
Florida 59,070 67,810   8,056,259 8,692,761   0.73 0.78
Georgia 30,550 30,170   4,257,465 4,522,025   0.72 0.67
Hawaii 4,560 5,380   597,147 628,277   0.76 0.86
Idaho 8,250 9,270   670,746 723,621   1.23 1.28
Illinois 59,010 57,270   6,012,320 6,315,715   0.98 0.91
Indiana 30,380 28,380   3,017,271 3,108,806   1.01 0.91
Iowa 9,900 10,420   1,542,342 1,602,849   0.64 0.65
Kansas 19,020 17,480   1,378,713 1,400,169   1.38 1.25
Kentucky 12,870 12,950   1,859,902 1,922,163   0.69 0.67
Louisiana 15,790 15,250   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.82 0.80
Maine 4,830 4,230   661,163 678,843   0.73 0.62
Maryland 33,190 36,880   2,766,653 2,892,620   1.20 1.27
Massachusetts 50,370 51,750   3,204,653 3,234,860   1.57 1.60
Michigan 91,600 99,680   4,694,981 4,730,291   1.95 2.11
Minnesota 30,370 28,280   2,781,744 2,822,297   1.09 1.00
Mississippi 8,140 9,830   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.66 0.81
Missouri 21,070 22,870   2,821,802 2,885,857   0.75 0.79
Montana 2,580 2,840   456,624 478,162   0.57 0.59
Nebraska 5,810 5,820   940,047 945,270   0.62 0.62
Nevada 7,190 7,960   1,134,550 1,240,868   0.63 0.64
New Hampshire 7,890 8,090   693,648 711,512   1.14 1.14
New Jersey 37,850 38,130   4,177,841 4,309,021   0.91 0.88
New Mexico 12,170 10,870   850,164 895,623   1.43 1.21
New York 64,920 68,540   8,810,155 9,072,733   0.74 0.76
North Carolina 31,400 30,040   4,028,598 4,250,619   0.78 0.71
North Dakota 2,230 2,520   338,221 346,359   0.66 0.73
Ohio 62,560 57,810   5,507,404 5,609,056   1.14 1.03
Oklahoma 12,520 13,840   1,608,849 1,650,877   0.78 0.84
Oregon 18,500 NA   1,722,058 1,796,165   1.07 NA
Pennsylvania NA 61,620   5,889,957 6,009,858   NA 1.03
Rhode Island 5,270 5,430   531,121 547,618   0.99 0.99
South Carolina 21,260 22,460   1,900,122 1,988,378   1.12 1.13
South Dakota 2,050 2,210   409,263 417,100   0.50 0.53
Tennessee 21,100 21,230   2,733,793 2,835,530   0.77 0.75
Texas 120,810 123,990   10,456,224 10,921,673   1.16 1.14
Utah 11,560 13,090   1,169,163 1,272,801   0.99 1.03
Vermont 3,440 3,780   337,709 348,026   1.02 1.09
Virginia 47,180 50,780   3,704,593 3,878,988   1.27 1.31
Washington 45,140 49,840   3,008,352 3,160,350   1.50 1.58
West Virginia 4,920 5,230   744,034 767,134   0.66 0.68
Wisconsin 29,590 30,990   2,871,034 2,918,155   1.03 1.06
Wyoming 2,290 2,570   263,705 275,617   0.87 0.93
 
Puerto Rico 7,290 8,280   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.59 0.66
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
Right-click on image to save.