Workforce

Life and Physical Scientists as Share of Workforce: 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (2.15%–0.53%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (0.50%–0.42%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (0.40%–0.32%)
  • 4th quartile
    (0.31%–0.22%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Life and physical scientists as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(2.15%–0.52%)
2nd Quartile
0.50%–0.42%)
3rd Quartile
(0.40%–0.32%)
4th Quartile
(0.31%–0.22%)
No Data
 
Alaska California Illinois Alabama Kansas
Colorado Connecticut Indiana Arizona New Jersey
Delaware Minnesota Iowa Arkansas North Carolina
District of Columbia Nebraska Louisiana Florida Oregon
Hawaii North Dakota Maine Georgia Pennsylvania
Idaho Oklahoma Mississippi Kentucky  
Maryland South Dakota Missouri Michigan  
Massachusetts Texas New Hampshire Nevada  
Montana Utah New York Ohio  
New Mexico Vermont Rhode Island South Carolina  
Washington West Virginia Virginia Tennessee  
Wyoming Wisconsin      
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • Nearly 578,000 individuals, or 0.40% of the workforce, were employed as life and physical scientists in the United States in 2006, an increase over the 546,000 life and physical scientists employed in 2004, which was 0.39% of the workforce.
  • In 2006, individual states had indicator values ranging from 0.22% to 0.93%, which showed major differences in the concentration of jobs in the life and physical sciences.
  • The District of Columbia was an outlier at 2.15%, reflecting the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of life and physical scientists in the workforce increased in 18 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 11 states.

Description

This indicator shows a state's ability to attract and retain life and physical scientists. Life scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include agricultural and food scientists, biological scientists, conservation scientists and foresters, and medical scientists. Physical scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include astronomers, physicists, atmospheric and space scientists, chemists, materials scientists, environmental scientists, and geoscientists, and postsecondary teachers in these subject areas. A high share of life and physical scientists could indicate several scenarios ranging from a robust cluster of life sciences companies to a high percentage of acreage in forests or national parks. The latter requires foresters, wildlife specialists, and conservationists to manage the natural assets in an area with low population density.

The location of life and physical scientists reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-29
Life and physical scientists as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Life and
physical scientists
  Employed workforce   Life and
physical scientists in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 546,160 577,890   139,213,523 144,581,912   0.39 0.40
Alabama 5,630 5,690   2,014,678 2,120,573   0.28 0.27
Alaska 3,090 3,010   312,922 323,531   0.99 0.93
Arizona 6,940 6,460   2,649,243 2,854,381   0.26 0.23
Arkansas 2,890 2,880   1,228,163 1,292,886   0.24 0.22
California 68,020 72,590   16,444,457 17,029,307   0.41 0.43
Colorado NA 14,130   2,384,562 2,537,037   NA 0.56
Connecticut 8,460 7,750   1,714,758 1,765,075   0.49 0.44
Delaware 3,100 2,940   408,022 424,506   0.76 0.69
District of Columbia 5,860 6,370   285,567 296,957   2.05 2.15
Florida 20,490 22,100   8,056,259 8,692,761   0.25 0.25
Georgia 13,090 9,820   4,257,465 4,522,025   0.31 0.22
Hawaii 2,400 3,390   597,147 628,277   0.40 0.54
Idaho 9,930 3,860   670,746 723,621   1.48 0.53
Illinois 19,390 22,650   6,012,320 6,315,715   0.32 0.36
Indiana NA 10,350   3,017,271 3,108,806   NA 0.33
Iowa NA 5,390   1,542,342 1,602,849   NA 0.34
Kansas 4,640 NA   1,378,713 1,400,169   0.34 NA
Kentucky 5,300 4,990   1,859,902 1,922,163   0.28 0.26
Louisiana 6,130 6,090   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.32 0.32
Maine 2,430 2,650   661,163 678,843   0.37 0.39
Maryland 18,150 19,930   2,766,653 2,892,620   0.66 0.69
Massachusetts 20,700 23,260   3,204,653 3,234,860   0.65 0.72
Michigan 10,340 12,940   4,694,981 4,730,291   0.22 0.27
Minnesota 11,700 13,450   2,781,744 2,822,297   0.42 0.48
Mississippi 4,540 4,490   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.37 0.37
Missouri 9,920 10,190   2,821,802 2,885,857   0.35 0.35
Montana 3,050 3,450   456,624 478,162   0.67 0.72
Nebraska 4,280 4,350   940,047 945,270   0.46 0.46
Nevada 3,210 3,460   1,134,550 1,240,868   0.28 0.28
New Hampshire 1,870 2,250   693,648 711,512   0.27 0.32
New Jersey 19,710 NA   4,177,841 4,309,021   0.47 NA
New Mexico 7,550 5,380   850,164 895,623   0.89 0.60
New York NA 31,280   8,810,155 9,072,733   NA 0.34
North Carolina 19,190 NA   4,028,598 4,250,619   0.48 NA
North Dakota 1,570 1,610   338,221 346,359   0.46 0.46
Ohio 15,020 17,320   5,507,404 5,609,056   0.27 0.31
Oklahoma NA 7,010   1,608,849 1,650,877   NA 0.42
Oregon 7,990 NA   1,722,058 1,796,165   0.46 NA
Pennsylvania 25,460 NA   5,889,957 6,009,858   0.43 NA
Rhode Island 2,790 2,120   531,121 547,618   0.53 0.39
South Carolina 5,190 5,680   1,900,122 1,988,378   0.27 0.29
South Dakota 1,770 1,900   409,263 417,100   0.43 0.46
Tennessee 7,380 7,680   2,733,793 2,835,530   0.27 0.27
Texas 47,540 50,040   10,456,224 10,921,673   0.45 0.46
Utah 5,820 6,330   1,169,163 1,272,801   0.50 0.50
Vermont 1,250 1,480   337,709 348,026   0.37 0.43
Virginia NA 15,370   3,704,593 3,878,988   NA 0.40
Washington NA 20,590   3,008,352 3,160,350   NA 0.65
West Virginia 2,850 3,230   744,034 767,134   0.38 0.42
Wisconsin 11,660 13,000   2,871,034 2,918,155   0.41 0.45
Wyoming 1,840 2,070   263,705 275,617   0.70 0.75
 
Puerto Rico 4,840 5,470   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.39 0.43
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (2.15%–0.53%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (0.50%–0.42%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (0.40%–0.32%)
  • 4th quartile
    (0.31%–0.22%)
  • No data

Quartiles

Life and physical scientists as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(2.15%–0.52%)
2nd Quartile
0.50%–0.42%)
3rd Quartile
(0.40%–0.32%)
4th Quartile
(0.31%–0.22%)
No Data
 
Alaska California Illinois Alabama Kansas
Colorado Connecticut Indiana Arizona New Jersey
Delaware Minnesota Iowa Arkansas North Carolina
District of Columbia Nebraska Louisiana Florida Oregon
Hawaii North Dakota Maine Georgia Pennsylvania
Idaho Oklahoma Mississippi Kentucky  
Maryland South Dakota Missouri Michigan  
Massachusetts Texas New Hampshire Nevada  
Montana Utah New York Ohio  
New Mexico Vermont Rhode Island South Carolina  
Washington West Virginia Virginia Tennessee  
Wyoming Wisconsin      
 
SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • Nearly 578,000 individuals, or 0.40% of the workforce, were employed as life and physical scientists in the United States in 2006, an increase over the 546,000 life and physical scientists employed in 2004, which was 0.39% of the workforce.
  • In 2006, individual states had indicator values ranging from 0.22% to 0.93%, which showed major differences in the concentration of jobs in the life and physical sciences.
  • The District of Columbia was an outlier at 2.15%, reflecting the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of life and physical scientists in the workforce increased in 18 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 11 states.

Description

This indicator shows a state's ability to attract and retain life and physical scientists. Life scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include agricultural and food scientists, biological scientists, conservation scientists and foresters, and medical scientists. Physical scientists are identified from standard occupational codes that include astronomers, physicists, atmospheric and space scientists, chemists, materials scientists, environmental scientists, and geoscientists, and postsecondary teachers in these subject areas. A high share of life and physical scientists could indicate several scenarios ranging from a robust cluster of life sciences companies to a high percentage of acreage in forests or national parks. The latter requires foresters, wildlife specialists, and conservationists to manage the natural assets in an area with low population density.

The location of life and physical scientists reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-29
Life and physical scientists as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Life and
physical scientists
  Employed workforce   Life and
physical scientists in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 546,160 577,890   139,213,523 144,581,912   0.39 0.40
Alabama 5,630 5,690   2,014,678 2,120,573   0.28 0.27
Alaska 3,090 3,010   312,922 323,531   0.99 0.93
Arizona 6,940 6,460   2,649,243 2,854,381   0.26 0.23
Arkansas 2,890 2,880   1,228,163 1,292,886   0.24 0.22
California 68,020 72,590   16,444,457 17,029,307   0.41 0.43
Colorado NA 14,130   2,384,562 2,537,037   NA 0.56
Connecticut 8,460 7,750   1,714,758 1,765,075   0.49 0.44
Delaware 3,100 2,940   408,022 424,506   0.76 0.69
District of Columbia 5,860 6,370   285,567 296,957   2.05 2.15
Florida 20,490 22,100   8,056,259 8,692,761   0.25 0.25
Georgia 13,090 9,820   4,257,465 4,522,025   0.31 0.22
Hawaii 2,400 3,390   597,147 628,277   0.40 0.54
Idaho 9,930 3,860   670,746 723,621   1.48 0.53
Illinois 19,390 22,650   6,012,320 6,315,715   0.32 0.36
Indiana NA 10,350   3,017,271 3,108,806   NA 0.33
Iowa NA 5,390   1,542,342 1,602,849   NA 0.34
Kansas 4,640 NA   1,378,713 1,400,169   0.34 NA
Kentucky 5,300 4,990   1,859,902 1,922,163   0.28 0.26
Louisiana 6,130 6,090   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.32 0.32
Maine 2,430 2,650   661,163 678,843   0.37 0.39
Maryland 18,150 19,930   2,766,653 2,892,620   0.66 0.69
Massachusetts 20,700 23,260   3,204,653 3,234,860   0.65 0.72
Michigan 10,340 12,940   4,694,981 4,730,291   0.22 0.27
Minnesota 11,700 13,450   2,781,744 2,822,297   0.42 0.48
Mississippi 4,540 4,490   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.37 0.37
Missouri 9,920 10,190   2,821,802 2,885,857   0.35 0.35
Montana 3,050 3,450   456,624 478,162   0.67 0.72
Nebraska 4,280 4,350   940,047 945,270   0.46 0.46
Nevada 3,210 3,460   1,134,550 1,240,868   0.28 0.28
New Hampshire 1,870 2,250   693,648 711,512   0.27 0.32
New Jersey 19,710 NA   4,177,841 4,309,021   0.47 NA
New Mexico 7,550 5,380   850,164 895,623   0.89 0.60
New York NA 31,280   8,810,155 9,072,733   NA 0.34
North Carolina 19,190 NA   4,028,598 4,250,619   0.48 NA
North Dakota 1,570 1,610   338,221 346,359   0.46 0.46
Ohio 15,020 17,320   5,507,404 5,609,056   0.27 0.31
Oklahoma NA 7,010   1,608,849 1,650,877   NA 0.42
Oregon 7,990 NA   1,722,058 1,796,165   0.46 NA
Pennsylvania 25,460 NA   5,889,957 6,009,858   0.43 NA
Rhode Island 2,790 2,120   531,121 547,618   0.53 0.39
South Carolina 5,190 5,680   1,900,122 1,988,378   0.27 0.29
South Dakota 1,770 1,900   409,263 417,100   0.43 0.46
Tennessee 7,380 7,680   2,733,793 2,835,530   0.27 0.27
Texas 47,540 50,040   10,456,224 10,921,673   0.45 0.46
Utah 5,820 6,330   1,169,163 1,272,801   0.50 0.50
Vermont 1,250 1,480   337,709 348,026   0.37 0.43
Virginia NA 15,370   3,704,593 3,878,988   NA 0.40
Washington NA 20,590   3,008,352 3,160,350   NA 0.65
West Virginia 2,850 3,230   744,034 767,134   0.38 0.42
Wisconsin 11,660 13,000   2,871,034 2,918,155   0.41 0.45
Wyoming 1,840 2,070   263,705 275,617   0.70 0.75
 
Puerto Rico 4,840 5,470   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.39 0.43
 

NOTE: Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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