Workforce

Computer Specialists as Share of Workforce: 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (10.71%–2.23%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (2.12%–1.72%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (1.70%–1.23%)
  • 4th quartile
    (1.22%–0.70%)

Quartiles

Computer specialists as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(10.71%–2.23%)
2nd Quartile
(2.12%–1.72%)
3rd Quartile
(1.70%–1.23%)
4th Quartile
(1.22%–0.70%)
 
California Arizona Alabama Alaska
Colorado Georgia Florida Arkansas
Connecticut Illinois Hawaii Indiana
Delaware Kansas Idaho Kentucky
District of Columbia Michigan Iowa Louisiana
Maryland Missouri New Mexico Maine
Massachusetts Nebraska North Dakota Mississippi
Minnesota New York Oklahoma Montana
New Hampshire North Carolina South Dakota Nevada
New Jersey Ohio Tennessee South Carolina
Utah Oregon Vermont West Virginia
Virginia Pennsylvania Wisconsin Wyoming
Washington Rhode Island    
  Texas    
 
SOURCES: BLS, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In the United States, 2.96 million individuals, or 2.05% of the workforce, were employed as computer specialists in 2006, an increase over the 2.80 million computer specialists employed in 2004, which was 2.02% of the workforce.
  • Individual states showed considerable differences in the intensity of computer-related operations in their economies, with 0.70% to 4.38% of their workforce employed in computer-related occupations in 2006.
  • There was a concentration of computer-intensive occupations in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia. This may be due to the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers, especially computer scientists.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of computer specialists in the workforce increased in 31 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 18 states.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce makes use of specialists with advanced computer training. Computer specialists are identified from 10 standard occupational codes that include computer and information scientists, programmers, software engineers, support specialists, systems analysts, database administrators, and network and computer system administrators. States with higher values may indicate a state workforce that is better able to thrive in an information economy or to embrace and utilize computer technology.

The location of computer specialists reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-30
Computer specialists as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Computer   Employed workforce   Computer
specialists
in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 2,806,910 2,960,460   139,213,523 144,581,912   2.02 2.05
Alabama 28,320 32,720   2,014,678 2,120,573   1.41 1.54
Alaska 3,320 3,810   312,922 323,531   1.06 1.18
Arizona 45,930 49,180   2,649,243 2,854,381   1.73 1.72
Arkansas 12,470 13,360   1,228,163 1,292,886   1.02 1.03
California 370,180 380,040   16,444,457 17,029,307   2.25 2.23
Colorado 74,940 76,200   2,384,562 2,537,037   3.14 3.00
Connecticut 44,120 44,160   1,714,758 1,765,075   2.57 2.50
Delaware 8,730 11,930   408,022 424,506   2.14 2.81
District of Columbia 28,040 31,810   285,567 296,957   9.82 10.71
Florida 137,740 143,450   8,056,259 8,692,761   1.71 1.65
Georgia 94,080 89,390   4,257,465 4,522,025   2.21 1.98
Hawaii 7,440 8,140   597,147 628,277   1.25 1.30
Idaho 8,710 10,180   670,746 723,621   1.30 1.41
Illinois 114,860 129,880   6,012,320 6,315,715   1.91 2.06
Indiana 37,540 37,230   3,017,271 3,108,806   1.24 1.20
Iowa 22,650 24,940   1,542,342 1,602,849   1.47 1.56
Kansas 20,850 24,110   1,378,713 1,400,169   1.51 1.72
Kentucky 23,800 23,510   1,859,902 1,922,163   1.28 1.22
Louisiana 18,500 17,090   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.96 0.89
Maine 6,860 7,640   661,163 678,843   1.04 1.13
Maryland 92,450 91,040   2,766,653 2,892,620   3.34 3.15
Massachusetts 103,280 109,430   3,204,653 3,234,860   3.22 3.38
Michigan 74,600 89,280   4,694,981 4,730,291   1.59 1.89
Minnesota 67,600 71,930   2,781,744 2,822,297   2.43 2.55
Mississippi 8,770 8,510   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.71 0.70
Missouri 56,460 61,120   2,821,802 2,885,857   2.00 2.12
Montana 4,500 5,790   456,624 478,162   0.99 1.21
Nebraska 15,890 20,030   940,047 945,270   1.69 2.12
Nevada 11,540 12,940   1,134,550 1,240,868   1.02 1.04
New Hampshire 13,180 16,390   693,648 711,512   1.90 2.30
New Jersey 114,370 116,290   4,177,841 4,309,021   2.74 2.70
New Mexico 9,720 11,060   850,164 895,623   1.14 1.23
New York 170,140 188,620   8,810,155 9,072,733   1.93 2.08
North Carolina 77,240 80,150   4,028,598 4,250,619   1.92 1.89
North Dakota 4,250 4,650   338,221 346,359   1.26 1.34
Ohio 93,300 99,960   5,507,404 5,609,056   1.69 1.78
Oklahoma 21,600 26,200   1,608,849 1,650,877   1.34 1.59
Oregon 29,120 33,960   1,722,058 1,796,165   1.69 1.89
Pennsylvania 102,590 110,090   5,889,957 6,009,858   1.74 1.83
Rhode Island 7,150 9,490   531,121 547,618   1.35 1.73
South Carolina 20,730 23,070   1,900,122 1,988,378   1.09 1.16
South Dakota 5,090 5,160   409,263 417,100   1.24 1.24
Tennessee 36,870 36,570   2,733,793 2,835,530   1.35 1.29
Texas 209,360 224,330   10,456,224 10,921,673   2.00 2.05
Utah 25,340 30,060   1,169,163 1,272,801   2.17 2.36
Vermont 5,810 5,920   337,709 348,026   1.72 1.70
Virginia 151,810 169,830   3,704,593 3,878,988   4.10 4.38
Washington 83,480 80,140   3,008,352 3,160,350   2.77 2.54
West Virginia 7,230 7,250   744,034 767,134   0.97 0.95
Wisconsin 46,380 46,400   2,871,034 2,918,155   1.62 1.59
Wyoming 1,750 2,040   263,705 275,617   0.66 0.74
 
Puerto Rico 7,380 9,050   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.60 0.72
 

NOTES: For a small number of states, data for selected computer occupations suppressed by state or Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and not reported at state level. Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: BLS, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (10.71%–2.23%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (2.12%–1.72%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (1.70%–1.23%)
  • 4th quartile
    (1.22%–0.70%)

Quartiles

Computer specialists as share of workforce: 2006
 
1st quartile
(10.71%–2.23%)
2nd Quartile
(2.12%–1.72%)
3rd Quartile
(1.70%–1.23%)
4th Quartile
(1.22%–0.70%)
 
California Arizona Alabama Alaska
Colorado Georgia Florida Arkansas
Connecticut Illinois Hawaii Indiana
Delaware Kansas Idaho Kentucky
District of Columbia Michigan Iowa Louisiana
Maryland Missouri New Mexico Maine
Massachusetts Nebraska North Dakota Mississippi
Minnesota New York Oklahoma Montana
New Hampshire North Carolina South Dakota Nevada
New Jersey Ohio Tennessee South Carolina
Utah Oregon Vermont West Virginia
Virginia Pennsylvania Wisconsin Wyoming
Washington Rhode Island    
  Texas    
 
SOURCES: BLS, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In the United States, 2.96 million individuals, or 2.05% of the workforce, were employed as computer specialists in 2006, an increase over the 2.80 million computer specialists employed in 2004, which was 2.02% of the workforce.
  • Individual states showed considerable differences in the intensity of computer-related operations in their economies, with 0.70% to 4.38% of their workforce employed in computer-related occupations in 2006.
  • There was a concentration of computer-intensive occupations in the District of Columbia and the adjacent states of Maryland and Virginia. This may be due to the fact that there are many government offices, colleges and universities, and government contractors in the area that employ scientists and engineers, especially computer scientists.
  • Between 2004 and 2006, the percentage of computer specialists in the workforce increased in 31 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 18 states.

Description

This indicator shows the extent to which a state's workforce makes use of specialists with advanced computer training. Computer specialists are identified from 10 standard occupational codes that include computer and information scientists, programmers, software engineers, support specialists, systems analysts, database administrators, and network and computer system administrators. States with higher values may indicate a state workforce that is better able to thrive in an information economy or to embrace and utilize computer technology.

The location of computer specialists reflects where the individuals work and is based on estimates from the Occupational Employment Statistics survey, a cooperative program between the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and state employment security agencies. The size of a state's civilian workforce is estimated from the BLS Current Population Survey, which assigns workers to a location based on residence. Because of this difference and the sample-based nature of the data, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-30
Computer specialists as share of workforce, by state: 2004 and 2006
 
  Computer   Employed workforce   Computer
specialists
in workforce (%)
State 2004 2006    2004 2006    2004 2006
 
United States 2,806,910 2,960,460   139,213,523 144,581,912   2.02 2.05
Alabama 28,320 32,720   2,014,678 2,120,573   1.41 1.54
Alaska 3,320 3,810   312,922 323,531   1.06 1.18
Arizona 45,930 49,180   2,649,243 2,854,381   1.73 1.72
Arkansas 12,470 13,360   1,228,163 1,292,886   1.02 1.03
California 370,180 380,040   16,444,457 17,029,307   2.25 2.23
Colorado 74,940 76,200   2,384,562 2,537,037   3.14 3.00
Connecticut 44,120 44,160   1,714,758 1,765,075   2.57 2.50
Delaware 8,730 11,930   408,022 424,506   2.14 2.81
District of Columbia 28,040 31,810   285,567 296,957   9.82 10.71
Florida 137,740 143,450   8,056,259 8,692,761   1.71 1.65
Georgia 94,080 89,390   4,257,465 4,522,025   2.21 1.98
Hawaii 7,440 8,140   597,147 628,277   1.25 1.30
Idaho 8,710 10,180   670,746 723,621   1.30 1.41
Illinois 114,860 129,880   6,012,320 6,315,715   1.91 2.06
Indiana 37,540 37,230   3,017,271 3,108,806   1.24 1.20
Iowa 22,650 24,940   1,542,342 1,602,849   1.47 1.56
Kansas 20,850 24,110   1,378,713 1,400,169   1.51 1.72
Kentucky 23,800 23,510   1,859,902 1,922,163   1.28 1.22
Louisiana 18,500 17,090   1,926,594 1,910,348   0.96 0.89
Maine 6,860 7,640   661,163 678,843   1.04 1.13
Maryland 92,450 91,040   2,766,653 2,892,620   3.34 3.15
Massachusetts 103,280 109,430   3,204,653 3,234,860   3.22 3.38
Michigan 74,600 89,280   4,694,981 4,730,291   1.59 1.89
Minnesota 67,600 71,930   2,781,744 2,822,297   2.43 2.55
Mississippi 8,770 8,510   1,234,167 1,218,664   0.71 0.70
Missouri 56,460 61,120   2,821,802 2,885,857   2.00 2.12
Montana 4,500 5,790   456,624 478,162   0.99 1.21
Nebraska 15,890 20,030   940,047 945,270   1.69 2.12
Nevada 11,540 12,940   1,134,550 1,240,868   1.02 1.04
New Hampshire 13,180 16,390   693,648 711,512   1.90 2.30
New Jersey 114,370 116,290   4,177,841 4,309,021   2.74 2.70
New Mexico 9,720 11,060   850,164 895,623   1.14 1.23
New York 170,140 188,620   8,810,155 9,072,733   1.93 2.08
North Carolina 77,240 80,150   4,028,598 4,250,619   1.92 1.89
North Dakota 4,250 4,650   338,221 346,359   1.26 1.34
Ohio 93,300 99,960   5,507,404 5,609,056   1.69 1.78
Oklahoma 21,600 26,200   1,608,849 1,650,877   1.34 1.59
Oregon 29,120 33,960   1,722,058 1,796,165   1.69 1.89
Pennsylvania 102,590 110,090   5,889,957 6,009,858   1.74 1.83
Rhode Island 7,150 9,490   531,121 547,618   1.35 1.73
South Carolina 20,730 23,070   1,900,122 1,988,378   1.09 1.16
South Dakota 5,090 5,160   409,263 417,100   1.24 1.24
Tennessee 36,870 36,570   2,733,793 2,835,530   1.35 1.29
Texas 209,360 224,330   10,456,224 10,921,673   2.00 2.05
Utah 25,340 30,060   1,169,163 1,272,801   2.17 2.36
Vermont 5,810 5,920   337,709 348,026   1.72 1.70
Virginia 151,810 169,830   3,704,593 3,878,988   4.10 4.38
Washington 83,480 80,140   3,008,352 3,160,350   2.77 2.54
West Virginia 7,230 7,250   744,034 767,134   0.97 0.95
Wisconsin 46,380 46,400   2,871,034 2,918,155   1.62 1.59
Wyoming 1,750 2,040   263,705 275,617   0.66 0.74
 
Puerto Rico 7,380 9,050   1,226,251 1,260,703   0.60 0.72
 

NOTES: For a small number of states, data for selected computer occupations suppressed by state or Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) and not reported at state level. Workforce represents employed component of civilian labor force and reported as annual data not seasonally adjusted.

SOURCES: BLS, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; and Local Area Unemployment Statistics.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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