Financial Research and Development Inputs

Federal R&D Obligations per Individual in S&E Occupation: 2005

  • 1st quartile
    ($100,808–$22,016)
  • 2nd quartile
    ($20,796–$13,451)
  • 3rd quartile
    ($13,371–$8,094)
  • 4th quartile
    ($7,398–$3,835)

Quartiles

Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation: 2005
 
1st quartile
($100,808–$22,016)
2nd Quartile
($20,796–$13,451)
3rd Quartile
($13,371–$8,094)
4th Quartile
($7,398–$3,835)
 
Alabama Alaska Florida Arkansas
Arizona Colorado Georgia Delaware
California Maine Idaho Indiana
Connecticut Mississippi Illinois Kansas
District of Columbia Montana Iowa Kentucky
Hawaii Nevada Louisiana Michigan
Maryland New Hampshire North Carolina Minnesota
Massachusetts New Jersey North Dakota Nebraska
Missouri New York Ohio Oklahoma
New Mexico Pennsylvania Oregon South Dakota
Rhode Island Tennessee South Carolina Wisconsin
Virginia Utah Texas Wyoming
West Virginia Washington Vermont  
 
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates. See Data Table.

Findings

  • The federal government obligated nearly $107 billion for R&D in 2005, more than $20,000 for each person employed in an S&E occupation.
  • The distribution for this indicator was highly skewed in 2005, with only 13 states and the District of Columbia above the national average. High values were reported in the District of Columbia and adjoining states and also in states where federal facilities or major defense contractors are located.
  • The state distribution of federal R&D obligations per person employed in an S&E occupation ranged from $3,835 to $100,808 in 2005.
  • Between 2003 and 2005, the value of this indicator increased in 25 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 25 states. The largest increases in indicator value occurred in Missouri, West Virginia, and Maryland, and the largest decreases in Mississippi.

Description

This indicator demonstrates how federal R&D obligations are distributed geographically based on individuals with a bachelor's or higher degree who work in S&E occupations. These positions include mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these fields. Positions such as managers and elementary and secondary schoolteachers are excluded. A high value may indicate the existence of major federally funded R&D facilities or the presence of large defense or other federal contractors in the state.

Federal R&D dollars are counted where they are obligated but may be expended in many locations. Data on people in S&E occupations are sample based. For these reasons, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-33
Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation, by state: 2003 and 2005
 
  Federal R&D
obligations ($millions)
  Individuals in
S&E occupations
  Federal R&D obligations/
individual in S&E occupation ($)
State 2003 2005    2003 2005    2003 2005
 
United States 91,247 106,743   4,961,550 5,233,510   18,391 20,396
Alabama 2,933 2,800   56,380 62,790   52,020 44,596
Alaska 246 234   10,600 11,230   23,210 20,796
Arizona 1,857 2,674   92,120 96,410   20,156 27,741
Arkansas 140 154   21,340 24,660   6,547 6,255
California 17,410 19,380   676,180 716,530   25,748 27,046
Colorado 1,612 2,037   124,140 126,110   12,985 16,150
Connecticut 2,068 2,154   81,380 83,930   25,411 25,658
Delaware 91 94   17,370 18,010   5,261 5,228
District of Columbia 2,916 3,993   54,890 63,410   53,127 62,978
Florida 2,522 2,198   221,070 241,000   11,408 9,120
Georgia 1,514 1,707   144,170 137,580   10,503 12,411
Hawaii 350 384   16,090 17,460   21,731 22,016
Idaho 216 273   22,150 23,880   9,757 11,436
Illinois 1,900 1,983   211,230 221,630   8,996 8,946
Indiana 561 554   78,410 79,910   7,158 6,928
Iowa 465 448   37,320 40,300   12,466 11,108
Kansas 190 198   51,970 51,630   3,656 3,835
Kentucky 232 263   45,230 44,530   5,131 5,901
Louisiana 442 402   41,900 41,030   10,547 9,799
Maine 145 240   15,020 15,500   9,650 15,473
Maryland 7,804 12,211   149,250 160,120   52,291 76,264
Massachusetts 5,157 5,702   184,690 193,180   27,920 29,516
Michigan 1,673 1,105   182,940 192,150   9,146 5,752
Minnesota 861 758   117,120 120,930   7,354 6,270
Mississippi 1,174 424   22,190 23,480   52,900 18,062
Missouri 1,270 4,040   84,150 92,260   15,091 43,793
Montana 130 177   11,450 11,940   11,314 14,811
Nebraska 146 145   30,710 31,530   4,765 4,603
Nevada 409 382   22,330 24,400   18,330 15,675
New Hampshire 363 364   23,430 26,840   15,498 13,574
New Jersey 1,786 2,344   161,420 174,270   11,063 13,451
New Mexico 2,850 3,279   33,600 32,530   84,823 100,808
New York 3,973 4,956   272,440 289,010   14,583 17,147
North Carolina 1,611 1,791   132,440 134,290   12,163 13,340
North Dakota 102 105   8,430 9,070   12,070 11,589
Ohio 2,396 2,370   177,100 180,900   13,529 13,100
Oklahoma 274 254   44,360 46,370   6,185 5,469
Oregon 480 557   61,230 62,030   7,843 8,987
Pennsylvania 3,788 3,235   185,560 204,270   20,413 15,835
Rhode Island 523 572   18,740 18,080   27,927 31,651
South Carolina 412 408   48,740 50,460   8,447 8,094
South Dakota 55 70   9,150 9,460   5,988 7,398
Tennessee 1,039 1,293   63,680 66,390   16,320 19,474
Texas 4,757 4,989   365,270 389,550   13,023 12,806
Utah 650 814   45,570 45,110   14,268 18,043
Vermont 182 171   11,420 12,770   15,926 13,371
Virginia 6,213 8,214   209,280 236,650   29,687 34,711
Washington 2,292 2,388   150,230 160,960   15,257 14,834
West Virginia 367 773   16,220 16,040   22,651 48,163
Wisconsin 657 648   93,320 93,590   7,042 6,926
Wyoming 41 34   6,130 7,350   6,704 4,564
 
Puerto Rico 112 101   19,940 20,950   5,628 4,842
 

NOTES: Only 11 agencies required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (2005 only), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations in FY 2003 and 2005.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    ($100,808–$22,016)
  • 2nd quartile
    ($20,796–$13,451)
  • 3rd quartile
    ($13,371–$8,094)
  • 4th quartile
    ($7,398–$3,835)

Quartiles

Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation: 2005
 
1st quartile
($100,808–$22,016)
2nd Quartile
($20,796–$13,451)
3rd Quartile
($13,371–$8,094)
4th Quartile
($7,398–$3,835)
 
Alabama Alaska Florida Arkansas
Arizona Colorado Georgia Delaware
California Maine Idaho Indiana
Connecticut Mississippi Illinois Kansas
District of Columbia Montana Iowa Kentucky
Hawaii Nevada Louisiana Michigan
Maryland New Hampshire North Carolina Minnesota
Massachusetts New Jersey North Dakota Nebraska
Missouri New York Ohio Oklahoma
New Mexico Pennsylvania Oregon South Dakota
Rhode Island Tennessee South Carolina Wisconsin
Virginia Utah Texas Wyoming
West Virginia Washington Vermont  
 
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates. See Data Table.

Findings

  • The federal government obligated nearly $107 billion for R&D in 2005, more than $20,000 for each person employed in an S&E occupation.
  • The distribution for this indicator was highly skewed in 2005, with only 13 states and the District of Columbia above the national average. High values were reported in the District of Columbia and adjoining states and also in states where federal facilities or major defense contractors are located.
  • The state distribution of federal R&D obligations per person employed in an S&E occupation ranged from $3,835 to $100,808 in 2005.
  • Between 2003 and 2005, the value of this indicator increased in 25 states and the District of Columbia and decreased in 25 states. The largest increases in indicator value occurred in Missouri, West Virginia, and Maryland, and the largest decreases in Mississippi.

Description

This indicator demonstrates how federal R&D obligations are distributed geographically based on individuals with a bachelor's or higher degree who work in S&E occupations. These positions include mathematical, computer, life, physical, and social scientists; engineers; and postsecondary teachers in any of these fields. Positions such as managers and elementary and secondary schoolteachers are excluded. A high value may indicate the existence of major federally funded R&D facilities or the presence of large defense or other federal contractors in the state.

Federal R&D dollars are counted where they are obligated but may be expended in many locations. Data on people in S&E occupations are sample based. For these reasons, estimates for sparsely populated states and the District of Columbia may be imprecise.

Data Table

Table 8-33
Federal R&D obligations per individual in S&E occupation, by state: 2003 and 2005
 
  Federal R&D
obligations ($millions)
  Individuals in
S&E occupations
  Federal R&D obligations/
individual in S&E occupation ($)
State 2003 2005    2003 2005    2003 2005
 
United States 91,247 106,743   4,961,550 5,233,510   18,391 20,396
Alabama 2,933 2,800   56,380 62,790   52,020 44,596
Alaska 246 234   10,600 11,230   23,210 20,796
Arizona 1,857 2,674   92,120 96,410   20,156 27,741
Arkansas 140 154   21,340 24,660   6,547 6,255
California 17,410 19,380   676,180 716,530   25,748 27,046
Colorado 1,612 2,037   124,140 126,110   12,985 16,150
Connecticut 2,068 2,154   81,380 83,930   25,411 25,658
Delaware 91 94   17,370 18,010   5,261 5,228
District of Columbia 2,916 3,993   54,890 63,410   53,127 62,978
Florida 2,522 2,198   221,070 241,000   11,408 9,120
Georgia 1,514 1,707   144,170 137,580   10,503 12,411
Hawaii 350 384   16,090 17,460   21,731 22,016
Idaho 216 273   22,150 23,880   9,757 11,436
Illinois 1,900 1,983   211,230 221,630   8,996 8,946
Indiana 561 554   78,410 79,910   7,158 6,928
Iowa 465 448   37,320 40,300   12,466 11,108
Kansas 190 198   51,970 51,630   3,656 3,835
Kentucky 232 263   45,230 44,530   5,131 5,901
Louisiana 442 402   41,900 41,030   10,547 9,799
Maine 145 240   15,020 15,500   9,650 15,473
Maryland 7,804 12,211   149,250 160,120   52,291 76,264
Massachusetts 5,157 5,702   184,690 193,180   27,920 29,516
Michigan 1,673 1,105   182,940 192,150   9,146 5,752
Minnesota 861 758   117,120 120,930   7,354 6,270
Mississippi 1,174 424   22,190 23,480   52,900 18,062
Missouri 1,270 4,040   84,150 92,260   15,091 43,793
Montana 130 177   11,450 11,940   11,314 14,811
Nebraska 146 145   30,710 31,530   4,765 4,603
Nevada 409 382   22,330 24,400   18,330 15,675
New Hampshire 363 364   23,430 26,840   15,498 13,574
New Jersey 1,786 2,344   161,420 174,270   11,063 13,451
New Mexico 2,850 3,279   33,600 32,530   84,823 100,808
New York 3,973 4,956   272,440 289,010   14,583 17,147
North Carolina 1,611 1,791   132,440 134,290   12,163 13,340
North Dakota 102 105   8,430 9,070   12,070 11,589
Ohio 2,396 2,370   177,100 180,900   13,529 13,100
Oklahoma 274 254   44,360 46,370   6,185 5,469
Oregon 480 557   61,230 62,030   7,843 8,987
Pennsylvania 3,788 3,235   185,560 204,270   20,413 15,835
Rhode Island 523 572   18,740 18,080   27,927 31,651
South Carolina 412 408   48,740 50,460   8,447 8,094
South Dakota 55 70   9,150 9,460   5,988 7,398
Tennessee 1,039 1,293   63,680 66,390   16,320 19,474
Texas 4,757 4,989   365,270 389,550   13,023 12,806
Utah 650 814   45,570 45,110   14,268 18,043
Vermont 182 171   11,420 12,770   15,926 13,371
Virginia 6,213 8,214   209,280 236,650   29,687 34,711
Washington 2,292 2,388   150,230 160,960   15,257 14,834
West Virginia 367 773   16,220 16,040   22,651 48,163
Wisconsin 657 648   93,320 93,590   7,042 6,926
Wyoming 41 34   6,130 7,350   6,704 4,564
 
Puerto Rico 112 101   19,940 20,950   5,628 4,842
 

NOTES: Only 11 agencies required to report federal R&D obligations: Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security (2005 only), Interior, and Transportation; Environmental Protection Agency; National Aeronautics and Space Administration; and National Science Foundation. These obligations represent approximately 98% of total federal R&D obligations in FY 2003 and 2005.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Federal Funds for Research and Development (various years); and Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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