Research and Development Outputs

S&E Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 S&E Doctorate Holders: 2005 and 2006

  • 1st quartile
    (61.8–47.3)
  • 2nd quartile
    (47.1–39.8)
  • 3rd quartile
    (38.1–30.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (29.0–8.2)

Quartiles

S&E Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 S&E Doctorate Holders: 2005 and 2006
 
1st quartile
(61.8–47.3)
2nd Quartile
(47.1–39.8)
3rd Quartile
(38.1–30.5)
4th Quartile
(29.0–8.2)
 
Alabama Arizona Arkansas Alaska
Georgia Florida California District of Columbia
Illinois Kentucky Colorado Idaho
Indiana Massachusetts Connecticut Maine
Iowa Mississippi Delaware Maryland
Kansas New Hampshire Hawaii Montana
Louisiana North Carolina Minnesota New Jersey
Michigan Ohio Nevada New Mexico
Missouri Oklahoma South Carolina North Dakota
Nebraska Pennsylvania South Dakota Oregon
New York Texas Tennessee Vermont
Rhode Island Utah Virginia Washington
Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming  
 
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, nearly 28,000 S&E doctorates were awarded by U.S. academic institutions, approximately 10% more than in 2001 and 3% more than in 1997.
  • Nationwide, the value of this indicator declined between 1997 and 2003, reflecting an increase in the stock of S&E doctorate holders living in the United States.
  • This indicator is volatile for many states and may reflect the migration patterns of existing S&E doctorate holders.

Description

This indicator provides a measure of the rate at which the states are training new S&E doctorate recipients for entry into the workforce. High values indicate relatively large production of new doctorate holders compared with the existing stock. Some states with relatively low values may need to attract S&E doctorate holders from elsewhere to meet the needs of local employers.

This indicator does not account for the mobility of recent S&E doctorate recipients, which is very high. Foreign-born graduate students may decide to return home after graduation to begin their careers. Most recent doctorate recipients are influenced by the location of employment opportunities.

U.S. S&E doctorate holders include those in the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Medical doctorates are excluded. The population of doctorate holders for this indicator consisted of all individuals under age 76 years who received a research doctorate in science or engineering from a U.S. institution and were residing in the United States.

Data Table

Table 8-36
S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders, by state: 1997, 2001, 2005, and 2006
 
  S&E doctorates conferred   S&E doctorate holders   S&E doctorates/1,000
doctorate holders
State 1997 2001 2005    1997 2001 2006    1997 2001 2005/2006
 
United States 27,145 25,404 27,930   579,610 654,180 708,080   46.8 38.8 39.4
Alabama 332 300 338   7,450 6,380 7,090   44.6 47.0 47.7
Alaskaa 20 26 25   1,320 1,430 1,330   15.2 18.2 18.8
Arizona 480 403 473   7,450 8,720 10,050   64.4 46.2 47.1
Arkansas 67 62 116   2,630 3,040 3,250   25.5 20.4 35.7
California 3,493 3,345 3,600   78,910 91,690 99,110   44.3 36.5 36.3
Colorado 566 491 522   12,280 14,220 16,080   46.1 34.5 32.5
Connecticut 398 371 428   9,930 11,030 11,830   40.1 33.6 36.2
Delaware 131 128 128   4,400 4,370 3,880   29.8 29.3 33.0
District of Columbia 319 291 307   12,220 14,560 13,750   26.1 20.0 22.3
Florida 825 782 977   16,320 19,410 22,020   50.6 40.3 44.4
Georgia 544 612 742   11,030 13,640 14,890   49.3 44.9 49.8
Hawaii 130 107 99   2,810 2,860 3,230   46.3 37.4 30.7
Idaho 57 51 56   2,400 2,660 3,190   23.8 19.2 17.6
Illinois 1,370 1,325 1,332   23,630 24,610 26,800   58.0 53.8 49.7
Indiana 691 668 686   8,320 10,870 11,380   83.1 61.5 60.3
Iowa 404 376 355   4,720 5,060 5,740   85.6 74.3 61.8
Kansas 285 264 246   4,340 4,720 4,830   65.7 55.9 50.9
Kentucky 214 172 242   4,540 5,400 5,760   47.1 31.9 42.0
Louisiana 317 333 338   6,110 6,140 6,290   51.9 54.2 53.7
Mainea 41 30 24   2,740 2,400 2,930   15.0 12.5 8.2
Maryland 682 663 744   23,760 25,590 29,870   28.7 25.9 24.9
Massachusetts 1,500 1,454 1,632   25,310 31,860 35,440   59.3 45.6 46.0
Michigan 973 909 1,075   16,750 19,210 19,790   58.1 47.3 54.3
Minnesota 472 457 504   10,980 12,640 13,220   43.0 36.2 38.1
Mississippi 153 131 168   3,300 3,580 3,910   46.4 36.6 43.0
Missouri 482 438 489   10,330 10,290 10,340   46.7 42.6 47.3
Montana 59 42 59   2,120 1,820 2,480   27.8 23.1 23.8
Nebraska 179 164 166   3,210 3,150 3,320   55.8 52.1 50.0
Nevada 48 52 90   1,930 2,320 2,940   24.9 22.4 30.6
New Hampshire 94 76 117   2,590 3,000 2,760   36.3 25.3 42.4
New Jersey 623 620 628   22,420 25,350 23,610   27.8 24.5 26.6
New Mexico 162 147 176   8,570 9,140 9,960   18.9 16.1 17.7
New York 2,360 2,140 2,419   43,880 49,100 50,760   53.8 43.6 47.7
North Carolina 729 726 863   15,480 19,120 21,670   47.1 38.0 39.8
North Dakotaa 51 43 45   1,580 1,270 1,550   32.3 33.9 29.0
Ohio 1,229 1,061 1,041   20,990 23,370 23,630   58.6 45.4 44.1
Oklahoma 241 237 232   5,310 5,160 5,290   45.4 45.9 43.9
Oregon 295 262 260   7,600 8,720 10,900   38.8 30.0 23.9
Pennsylvania 1,376 1,235 1,397   26,710 29,280 32,780   51.5 42.2 42.6
Rhode Island 160 161 175   2,700 2,880 3,290   59.3 55.9 53.2
South Carolina 222 216 227   5,560 6,010 6,920   39.9 35.9 32.8
South Dakotaa 37 34 38   1,170 1,250 1,220   31.6 27.2 31.1
Tennessee 394 377 377   9,570 10,350 11,380   41.2 36.4 33.1
Texas 1,653 1,613 1,781   31,600 37,510 41,420   52.3 43.0 43.0
Utah 279 236 290   5,350 5,920 6,730   52.1 39.9 43.1
Vermonta 34 52 37   1,960 2,040 2,070   17.3 25.5 17.9
Virginia 669 628 695   17,340 20,360 22,800   38.6 30.8 30.5
Washington 482 458 495   15,390 17,150 19,900   31.3 26.7 24.9
West Virginiaa 77 67 108   2,330 2,360 2,510   33.0 28.4 43.0
Wisconsin 681 530 532   9,310 10,130 11,200   73.1 52.3 47.5
Wyoming 65 38 36   960 1,040 990   67.7 36.5 36.4
 
Puerto Rico 84 92 44   770 1,530 1,860   109.1 60.1 23.7
 

aEstimates for S&E doctorate holders may vary between 10% and 25% because geography is not part of the sample design.

NOTES: Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders classified by employer location. Data on 2006 S&E doctorate holders are preliminary.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (61.8–47.3)
  • 2nd quartile
    (47.1–39.8)
  • 3rd quartile
    (38.1–30.5)
  • 4th quartile
    (29.0–8.2)

Quartiles

S&E Doctorates Conferred per 1,000 S&E Doctorate Holders: 2005 and 2006
 
1st quartile
(61.8–47.3)
2nd Quartile
(47.1–39.8)
3rd Quartile
(38.1–30.5)
4th Quartile
(29.0–8.2)
 
Alabama Arizona Arkansas Alaska
Georgia Florida California District of Columbia
Illinois Kentucky Colorado Idaho
Indiana Massachusetts Connecticut Maine
Iowa Mississippi Delaware Maryland
Kansas New Hampshire Hawaii Montana
Louisiana North Carolina Minnesota New Jersey
Michigan Ohio Nevada New Mexico
Missouri Oklahoma South Carolina North Dakota
Nebraska Pennsylvania South Dakota Oregon
New York Texas Tennessee Vermont
Rhode Island Utah Virginia Washington
Wisconsin West Virginia Wyoming  
 
SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients. See Data Table.

Findings

  • In 2005, nearly 28,000 S&E doctorates were awarded by U.S. academic institutions, approximately 10% more than in 2001 and 3% more than in 1997.
  • Nationwide, the value of this indicator declined between 1997 and 2003, reflecting an increase in the stock of S&E doctorate holders living in the United States.
  • This indicator is volatile for many states and may reflect the migration patterns of existing S&E doctorate holders.

Description

This indicator provides a measure of the rate at which the states are training new S&E doctorate recipients for entry into the workforce. High values indicate relatively large production of new doctorate holders compared with the existing stock. Some states with relatively low values may need to attract S&E doctorate holders from elsewhere to meet the needs of local employers.

This indicator does not account for the mobility of recent S&E doctorate recipients, which is very high. Foreign-born graduate students may decide to return home after graduation to begin their careers. Most recent doctorate recipients are influenced by the location of employment opportunities.

U.S. S&E doctorate holders include those in the physical, life, earth, ocean, atmospheric, computer, and social sciences; mathematics; engineering; and psychology. Medical doctorates are excluded. The population of doctorate holders for this indicator consisted of all individuals under age 76 years who received a research doctorate in science or engineering from a U.S. institution and were residing in the United States.

Data Table

Table 8-36
S&E doctorates conferred per 1,000 S&E doctorate holders, by state: 1997, 2001, 2005, and 2006
 
  S&E doctorates conferred   S&E doctorate holders   S&E doctorates/1,000
doctorate holders
State 1997 2001 2005    1997 2001 2006    1997 2001 2005/2006
 
United States 27,145 25,404 27,930   579,610 654,180 708,080   46.8 38.8 39.4
Alabama 332 300 338   7,450 6,380 7,090   44.6 47.0 47.7
Alaskaa 20 26 25   1,320 1,430 1,330   15.2 18.2 18.8
Arizona 480 403 473   7,450 8,720 10,050   64.4 46.2 47.1
Arkansas 67 62 116   2,630 3,040 3,250   25.5 20.4 35.7
California 3,493 3,345 3,600   78,910 91,690 99,110   44.3 36.5 36.3
Colorado 566 491 522   12,280 14,220 16,080   46.1 34.5 32.5
Connecticut 398 371 428   9,930 11,030 11,830   40.1 33.6 36.2
Delaware 131 128 128   4,400 4,370 3,880   29.8 29.3 33.0
District of Columbia 319 291 307   12,220 14,560 13,750   26.1 20.0 22.3
Florida 825 782 977   16,320 19,410 22,020   50.6 40.3 44.4
Georgia 544 612 742   11,030 13,640 14,890   49.3 44.9 49.8
Hawaii 130 107 99   2,810 2,860 3,230   46.3 37.4 30.7
Idaho 57 51 56   2,400 2,660 3,190   23.8 19.2 17.6
Illinois 1,370 1,325 1,332   23,630 24,610 26,800   58.0 53.8 49.7
Indiana 691 668 686   8,320 10,870 11,380   83.1 61.5 60.3
Iowa 404 376 355   4,720 5,060 5,740   85.6 74.3 61.8
Kansas 285 264 246   4,340 4,720 4,830   65.7 55.9 50.9
Kentucky 214 172 242   4,540 5,400 5,760   47.1 31.9 42.0
Louisiana 317 333 338   6,110 6,140 6,290   51.9 54.2 53.7
Mainea 41 30 24   2,740 2,400 2,930   15.0 12.5 8.2
Maryland 682 663 744   23,760 25,590 29,870   28.7 25.9 24.9
Massachusetts 1,500 1,454 1,632   25,310 31,860 35,440   59.3 45.6 46.0
Michigan 973 909 1,075   16,750 19,210 19,790   58.1 47.3 54.3
Minnesota 472 457 504   10,980 12,640 13,220   43.0 36.2 38.1
Mississippi 153 131 168   3,300 3,580 3,910   46.4 36.6 43.0
Missouri 482 438 489   10,330 10,290 10,340   46.7 42.6 47.3
Montana 59 42 59   2,120 1,820 2,480   27.8 23.1 23.8
Nebraska 179 164 166   3,210 3,150 3,320   55.8 52.1 50.0
Nevada 48 52 90   1,930 2,320 2,940   24.9 22.4 30.6
New Hampshire 94 76 117   2,590 3,000 2,760   36.3 25.3 42.4
New Jersey 623 620 628   22,420 25,350 23,610   27.8 24.5 26.6
New Mexico 162 147 176   8,570 9,140 9,960   18.9 16.1 17.7
New York 2,360 2,140 2,419   43,880 49,100 50,760   53.8 43.6 47.7
North Carolina 729 726 863   15,480 19,120 21,670   47.1 38.0 39.8
North Dakotaa 51 43 45   1,580 1,270 1,550   32.3 33.9 29.0
Ohio 1,229 1,061 1,041   20,990 23,370 23,630   58.6 45.4 44.1
Oklahoma 241 237 232   5,310 5,160 5,290   45.4 45.9 43.9
Oregon 295 262 260   7,600 8,720 10,900   38.8 30.0 23.9
Pennsylvania 1,376 1,235 1,397   26,710 29,280 32,780   51.5 42.2 42.6
Rhode Island 160 161 175   2,700 2,880 3,290   59.3 55.9 53.2
South Carolina 222 216 227   5,560 6,010 6,920   39.9 35.9 32.8
South Dakotaa 37 34 38   1,170 1,250 1,220   31.6 27.2 31.1
Tennessee 394 377 377   9,570 10,350 11,380   41.2 36.4 33.1
Texas 1,653 1,613 1,781   31,600 37,510 41,420   52.3 43.0 43.0
Utah 279 236 290   5,350 5,920 6,730   52.1 39.9 43.1
Vermonta 34 52 37   1,960 2,040 2,070   17.3 25.5 17.9
Virginia 669 628 695   17,340 20,360 22,800   38.6 30.8 30.5
Washington 482 458 495   15,390 17,150 19,900   31.3 26.7 24.9
West Virginiaa 77 67 108   2,330 2,360 2,510   33.0 28.4 43.0
Wisconsin 681 530 532   9,310 10,130 11,200   73.1 52.3 47.5
Wyoming 65 38 36   960 1,040 990   67.7 36.5 36.4
 
Puerto Rico 84 92 44   770 1,530 1,860   109.1 60.1 23.7
 

aEstimates for S&E doctorate holders may vary between 10% and 25% because geography is not part of the sample design.

NOTES: Data on U.S. S&E doctorate holders classified by employer location. Data on 2006 S&E doctorate holders are preliminary.

SOURCES: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Earned Doctorates and Survey of Doctorate Recipients.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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