Science and Technology in the Economy

Employment in High-Technology Establishments as Share of All Employment: 2004

  • 1st quartile
    (16.03%–12.93%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (12.49%–10.74%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (10.63%–8.42%)
  • 4th quartile
    (8.12%–5.54%)

Quartiles

Employment in high-technology establishments as share of all employment: 2004
 
1st quartile
(16.03%–12.93%)
2nd quartile
(12.49%–10.74%)
3rd quartile
(10.63%–8.42%)
4th quartile
(8.12%–5.54%)
 
California Arizona Alabama Hawaii
Colorado Georgia Alaska Iowa
Connecticut Idaho Arkansas Kentucky
Delaware Illinois Florida Louisiana
District of Columbia Michigan Indiana Maine
Kansas New Hampshire Missouri Mississippi
Maryland New York Nebraska Montana
Massachusetts Ohio New Mexico Nevada
Minnesota Oklahoma North Carolina North Dakota
New Jersey Oregon Rhode Island South Dakota
Texas Pennsylvania South Carolina West Virginia
Virginia Utah Tennessee Wyoming
Washington Vermont Wisconsin  
 
SOURCE: Census Bureau, 1989–2004 Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations. See Data Table.

Findings

  • Employment in high-technology industries in the United States declined slightly between 2003 and 2004, continuing a trend that was observed during the 1998–2002 period.
  • Nationwide this indicator declined from 11.96 in 2003 to 11.61 in 2004, or about 3%; only 10 states and the District of Columbia showed increases in high-technology employment as a share of total employment.
  • Washington and Texas reported the loss of 72,000 and 57,000 jobs, respectively, in high-technology industries in 2004.
  • On this indicator, states varied greatly in 2004, ranging from 5.5% to 16.0% of their workforce employed in high-technology industries.
  • Not surprisingly, states were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators.

Description

This indicator measures the extent to which the workforce in a state is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are defined as those in which the proportion of employees in technology-oriented occupations is at least twice the average proportion for all industries. State economies with a high value are probably well positioned to take advantage of new technological developments because they have a relatively larger pool of experienced high-technology workers.

The data pertaining to establishments for the years 2003 and 2004 were based on their classification according to the 2002 edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). A list of the 46 industries (by 4-digit NAICS code) that are defined as high-technology can be found in the Technical Note at the end of this chapter. Data for earlier years are not directly comparable.

Data Table

Table 8-43
Employment in high-technology establishments as share of all employment, by state: 2003 and 2004
 
  Employment in high-
technology establishments
  All employment   High-technology/
all employment (%)
State 2003 2004    2003 2004    2003 2004
 
United States 13,563,122 13,356,596   113,373,663 115,049,548   11.96 11.61
Alabama 152,879 158,927   1,597,265 1,628,733   9.57 9.76
Alaska 21,851 22,107   216,707 223,099   10.08 9.91
Arizona 234,603 238,462   1,997,990 2,043,729   11.74 11.67
Arkansas 95,180 101,124   988,822 1,007,283   9.63 10.04
California 1,781,830 1,767,202   12,986,496 13,260,306   13.72 13.33
Colorado 274,979 265,613   1,883,883 1,908,126   14.60 13.92
Connecticut 210,114 204,107   1,550,615 1,537,160   13.55 13.28
Delaware 52,349 54,164   385,098 391,647   13.59 13.83
District of Columbia 54,314 57,250   422,912 436,791   12.84 13.11
Florida 576,274 587,452   6,548,276 6,863,196   8.80 8.56
Georgia 413,384 411,977   3,386,590 3,451,802   12.21 11.94
Hawaii 25,777 26,203   458,952 473,181   5.62 5.54
Idaho 55,706 53,738   466,379 488,557   11.94 11.00
Illinois 646,285 617,306   5,204,887 5,216,180   12.42 11.83
Indiana 219,598 219,694   2,540,554 2,586,282   8.64 8.49
Iowa 102,387 96,100   1,232,709 1,241,688   8.31 7.74
Kansas 155,023 153,046   1,109,699 1,115,930   13.97 13.71
Kentucky 121,838 119,167   1,471,622 1,489,285   8.28 8.00
Louisiana 137,029 129,722   1,603,492 1,623,431   8.55 7.99
Maine 35,184 36,221   488,788 494,165   7.20 7.33
Maryland 315,887 323,966   2,088,552 2,151,093   15.12 15.06
Massachusetts 460,984 455,749   2,974,164 2,979,251   15.50 15.30
Michigan 499,133 486,706   3,884,881 3,895,217   12.85 12.49
Minnesota 315,994 309,303   2,381,860 2,392,481   13.27 12.93
Mississippi 66,566 61,858   912,004 928,181   7.30 6.66
Missouri 254,299 257,290   2,387,245 2,420,994   10.65 10.63
Montana 20,296 20,452   302,932 314,806   6.70 6.50
Nebraska 68,975 69,724   774,858 774,187   8.90 9.01
Nevada 61,847 64,648   970,678 1,021,842   6.37 6.33
New Hampshire 63,264 63,907   540,132 550,869   11.71 11.60
New Jersey 550,224 558,921   3,578,674 3,609,297   15.38 15.49
New Mexico 60,399 61,149   571,057 580,443   10.58 10.53
New York 823,992 798,462   7,415,430 7,431,893   11.11 10.74
North Carolina 349,424 345,316   3,337,552 3,365,050   10.47 10.26
North Dakota 20,584 20,176   258,878 265,632   7.95 7.60
Ohio 531,491 512,352   4,769,406 4,761,492   11.14 10.76
Oklahoma 132,887 133,871   1,184,312 1,194,830   11.22 11.20
Oregon 152,140 147,549   1,338,380 1,355,101   11.37 10.89
Pennsylvania 566,406 551,971   5,028,650 5,106,171   11.26 10.81
Rhode Island 35,806 36,577   427,369 434,600   8.38 8.42
South Carolina 163,373 164,035   1,550,227 1,560,401   10.54 10.51
South Dakota 18,890 19,897   299,723 307,944   6.30 6.46
Tennessee 219,898 217,191   2,298,836 2,346,903   9.57 9.25
Texas 1,158,481 1,101,175   8,049,300 8,116,465   14.39 13.57
Utah 99,856 101,547   900,331 934,939   11.09 10.86
Vermont 29,402 27,572   256,401 256,040   11.47 10.77
Virginia 459,017 489,703   2,932,471 3,054,221   15.65 16.03
Washington 401,413 329,698   2,292,462 2,268,155   17.51 14.54
West Virginia 46,635 46,172   561,317 568,581   8.31 8.12
Wisconsin 233,967 245,257   2,382,979 2,434,580   9.82 10.07
Wyoming 15,008 14,820   180,866 187,318   8.30 7.91
 
Puerto Rico NA NA   NA NA   NA NA
 

NA = not available

SOURCE: Census Bureau, 1989–2004 Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
  • 1st quartile
    (16.03%–12.93%)
  • 2nd quartile
    (12.49%–10.74%)
  • 3rd quartile
    (10.63%–8.42%)
  • 4th quartile
    (8.12%–5.54%)

Quartiles

Employment in high-technology establishments as share of all employment: 2004
 
1st quartile
(16.03%–12.93%)
2nd quartile
(12.49%–10.74%)
3rd quartile
(10.63%–8.42%)
4th quartile
(8.12%–5.54%)
 
California Arizona Alabama Hawaii
Colorado Georgia Alaska Iowa
Connecticut Idaho Arkansas Kentucky
Delaware Illinois Florida Louisiana
District of Columbia Michigan Indiana Maine
Kansas New Hampshire Missouri Mississippi
Maryland New York Nebraska Montana
Massachusetts Ohio New Mexico Nevada
Minnesota Oklahoma North Carolina North Dakota
New Jersey Oregon Rhode Island South Dakota
Texas Pennsylvania South Carolina West Virginia
Virginia Utah Tennessee Wyoming
Washington Vermont Wisconsin  
 
SOURCE: Census Bureau, 1989–2004 Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations. See Data Table.

Findings

  • Employment in high-technology industries in the United States declined slightly between 2003 and 2004, continuing a trend that was observed during the 1998–2002 period.
  • Nationwide this indicator declined from 11.96 in 2003 to 11.61 in 2004, or about 3%; only 10 states and the District of Columbia showed increases in high-technology employment as a share of total employment.
  • Washington and Texas reported the loss of 72,000 and 57,000 jobs, respectively, in high-technology industries in 2004.
  • On this indicator, states varied greatly in 2004, ranging from 5.5% to 16.0% of their workforce employed in high-technology industries.
  • Not surprisingly, states were distributed similarly on the high-technology employment and high-technology establishment indicators.

Description

This indicator measures the extent to which the workforce in a state is employed in high-technology industries. High-technology industries are defined as those in which the proportion of employees in technology-oriented occupations is at least twice the average proportion for all industries. State economies with a high value are probably well positioned to take advantage of new technological developments because they have a relatively larger pool of experienced high-technology workers.

The data pertaining to establishments for the years 2003 and 2004 were based on their classification according to the 2002 edition of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). A list of the 46 industries (by 4-digit NAICS code) that are defined as high-technology can be found in the Technical Note at the end of this chapter. Data for earlier years are not directly comparable.

Data Table

Table 8-43
Employment in high-technology establishments as share of all employment, by state: 2003 and 2004
 
  Employment in high-
technology establishments
  All employment   High-technology/
all employment (%)
State 2003 2004    2003 2004    2003 2004
 
United States 13,563,122 13,356,596   113,373,663 115,049,548   11.96 11.61
Alabama 152,879 158,927   1,597,265 1,628,733   9.57 9.76
Alaska 21,851 22,107   216,707 223,099   10.08 9.91
Arizona 234,603 238,462   1,997,990 2,043,729   11.74 11.67
Arkansas 95,180 101,124   988,822 1,007,283   9.63 10.04
California 1,781,830 1,767,202   12,986,496 13,260,306   13.72 13.33
Colorado 274,979 265,613   1,883,883 1,908,126   14.60 13.92
Connecticut 210,114 204,107   1,550,615 1,537,160   13.55 13.28
Delaware 52,349 54,164   385,098 391,647   13.59 13.83
District of Columbia 54,314 57,250   422,912 436,791   12.84 13.11
Florida 576,274 587,452   6,548,276 6,863,196   8.80 8.56
Georgia 413,384 411,977   3,386,590 3,451,802   12.21 11.94
Hawaii 25,777 26,203   458,952 473,181   5.62 5.54
Idaho 55,706 53,738   466,379 488,557   11.94 11.00
Illinois 646,285 617,306   5,204,887 5,216,180   12.42 11.83
Indiana 219,598 219,694   2,540,554 2,586,282   8.64 8.49
Iowa 102,387 96,100   1,232,709 1,241,688   8.31 7.74
Kansas 155,023 153,046   1,109,699 1,115,930   13.97 13.71
Kentucky 121,838 119,167   1,471,622 1,489,285   8.28 8.00
Louisiana 137,029 129,722   1,603,492 1,623,431   8.55 7.99
Maine 35,184 36,221   488,788 494,165   7.20 7.33
Maryland 315,887 323,966   2,088,552 2,151,093   15.12 15.06
Massachusetts 460,984 455,749   2,974,164 2,979,251   15.50 15.30
Michigan 499,133 486,706   3,884,881 3,895,217   12.85 12.49
Minnesota 315,994 309,303   2,381,860 2,392,481   13.27 12.93
Mississippi 66,566 61,858   912,004 928,181   7.30 6.66
Missouri 254,299 257,290   2,387,245 2,420,994   10.65 10.63
Montana 20,296 20,452   302,932 314,806   6.70 6.50
Nebraska 68,975 69,724   774,858 774,187   8.90 9.01
Nevada 61,847 64,648   970,678 1,021,842   6.37 6.33
New Hampshire 63,264 63,907   540,132 550,869   11.71 11.60
New Jersey 550,224 558,921   3,578,674 3,609,297   15.38 15.49
New Mexico 60,399 61,149   571,057 580,443   10.58 10.53
New York 823,992 798,462   7,415,430 7,431,893   11.11 10.74
North Carolina 349,424 345,316   3,337,552 3,365,050   10.47 10.26
North Dakota 20,584 20,176   258,878 265,632   7.95 7.60
Ohio 531,491 512,352   4,769,406 4,761,492   11.14 10.76
Oklahoma 132,887 133,871   1,184,312 1,194,830   11.22 11.20
Oregon 152,140 147,549   1,338,380 1,355,101   11.37 10.89
Pennsylvania 566,406 551,971   5,028,650 5,106,171   11.26 10.81
Rhode Island 35,806 36,577   427,369 434,600   8.38 8.42
South Carolina 163,373 164,035   1,550,227 1,560,401   10.54 10.51
South Dakota 18,890 19,897   299,723 307,944   6.30 6.46
Tennessee 219,898 217,191   2,298,836 2,346,903   9.57 9.25
Texas 1,158,481 1,101,175   8,049,300 8,116,465   14.39 13.57
Utah 99,856 101,547   900,331 934,939   11.09 10.86
Vermont 29,402 27,572   256,401 256,040   11.47 10.77
Virginia 459,017 489,703   2,932,471 3,054,221   15.65 16.03
Washington 401,413 329,698   2,292,462 2,268,155   17.51 14.54
West Virginia 46,635 46,172   561,317 568,581   8.31 8.12
Wisconsin 233,967 245,257   2,382,979 2,434,580   9.82 10.07
Wyoming 15,008 14,820   180,866 187,318   8.30 7.91
 
Puerto Rico NA NA   NA NA   NA NA
 

NA = not available

SOURCE: Census Bureau, 1989–2004 Business Information Tracking Series, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2008

Excel.Source Data
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