AAAS American Association for the Advancement of Science
AACU Association of American Colleges and Universities
AASCU American Association of State Colleges and Universities
ACI American Competitive Initiative
ACS American Community Survey
ACT American College Test
ADAMHA Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration
ADP American Diploma Project
AFT American Federation of Teachers
AIA Aerospace Industries Association
AID Agency for International Development
AP Advanced Placement
AP/IB Advanced Placement/International Baccalaureate
APL Applied Physics Laboratory
ATP Advanced Technology Program
AUTM Association of University Technology Managers
BEA Bureau of Economic Analysis
BHEF Business-Higher Education Forum
BLS Bureau of Labor Statistics
CAMR Coalition for the Advancement of Medical Research
CATI-MERIT Cooperative Agreements and Technology Indicators database-Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology
CENIC Corporation for Education Network Initiatives in California
CGS Council of Graduate Schools
CIA Central Intelligence Agency
CPI Consumer Price Index
CPS Current Population Survey
CRADA cooperative research and development agreement
CREATE Cooperative Research and Technology Enhancement Act of 2004
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Project Agency
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
DOC Department of Commerce
DOD Department of Defense
DOE Department of Energy
DOI Department of the Interior
DOJ Department of Justice
DOL Department of Labor
DOT Department of Transportation
EC European Community
ECLS Early Childhood Longitudinal Study
ED Department of Education
EDP electronic data processing
EICC EPSCoR Interagency Coordinating Committee
ELS Education Longitudinal Study
EPA Environmental Protection Agency
EPO European Patent Office
EPSCoR Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research
Esnet DOE’s Energy Sciences Network
ETS Educational Testing Service
EU European Union
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FASB Financial Accounting Standards Board
FDA Food and Drug Administraton
FDI foreign direct investment
FDIUS Survey of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States
FFRDC federally funded research and development center
FY fiscal year
G-7 Group of Seven
G-8 Group of Eight
GAO Government Accountability Office
GDP gross domestic product
GE General Electric Company
GED General Equivalency Diploma
GGDC Groningen Growth and Development Centre
GM genetically modified
GSS General Social Survey
GUF general university fund
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HSARPA Homeland Security Advanced Research Project Agency
ICT information and communications technologies
IIE Institute of International Education
IMLS Institute for Museum and Library Services
IOF involuntarily out of the field
IP intellectual property
IRI Industrial Research Institute
IRS Internal Revenue Service
ISCED International Standard Classification of Education
ISIC International Standard Industrial Classification
IT information technology
JPO Japan Patent Office
JV joint ventures
MER market exchange rate
MNC multinational corporation
MOFA majority-owned foreign affiliate
MOU memorandum of understanding
MREN Metropolitan Research and Education Network
NACE National Association of Colleges and Employers
NAE National Academy of Engineering
NAEP National Assessment of Educational Progress
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
NAGB National Assessment Governing Board
NAICS North American Industry Classification System
NAPA National Academy of Public Administration
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASF net assignable square feet
NCES National Center for Education Statistics
NCLB The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
NCTAF National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future
NCTM National Council of Teachers of Mathematics
NGA National Governors Association
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIOEM National Industry-Occupation Employment Matrix
NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology
NITRD Networking and Information Technology Research and Development
NNI National Nanotechnology Initiative
NORC National Opinion Research Center
NRC National Research Council
NREN NASA’s Research and Engineering Network
NS&E natural sciences and engineering
NSB National Science Board
NSCG National Survey of College Graduates
NSDL National Science Digital Library
NSF National Science Foundation
NSRCG National Survey of Recent College Graduates
NYSERNet New York State Education and Research Network
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
OES Occupational Employment Statistics
OMB Office of Management and Budget
OPEC Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries
OSTP Office of Science and Technology Policy
OWH other Western Hemisphere
PC productive capacity
PhRMA Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America
PI principal investigator
PISA Program for International Student Assessment
PLTW Project Lead The Way
PPP purchasing power parity
PUMS Public Use Microdata Sample
R&D research and development
R&E research and experimentation
RA research assistantship
RDD random direct dialing
RDT research, development, and testing
S&E science and engineering
S&T science and technology
SA single applicant
SAS Service Annual Survey
SASS Schools and Staffing Survey
SBIR Small Business Innovation Research
SCANS Secretary’s Commission on Achieving Necessary Skills
SCI Science Citation Index
SciSIP Science of Science and Innovation Policy
SDR Survey of Doctorate Recipients
SE socioeconomic infrastructure
SESTAT Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System
SIC Standard Industrial Classification
SNA System of National Accounts
SSCI Social Sciences Citation Index
STEM science, technology, engineering, and mathematics
STTR Small Business Technology Transfer
TA teaching assistant
TCB The Conference Board
TI technological infrastructure
TIMSS Trends in International Mathematics and Sciences Study
U&C universities and colleges
UK United Kingdom
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
USCCB United States Conference of Catholic Bishops
USDA Department of Agriculture
USDIA Survey of U.S. Direct Investment Abroad
USPTO U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
VA Department of Veterans Affairs
VCU Virginia Commonwealth University
WebCASPAR Integrated Science and Engineering Resources Data System
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization