Table 1-2
Average mathematics scores of students followed from kindergarten through grade 8, by student characteristics: Fall 1998–spring 2007
 
Student characteristic Fall 1998,
kindergarten
Spring 2000,
grade 1
Spring 2002,
grade 3
Spring 2004,
grade 5
Spring 2007,
grade 8
 
All students 26 62 99 123 139
Kindergarten mathematics score          
Lowest quartile 17 46 78 101 120
Middle two quartiles 25 61 98 123 14.0
Highest quartile 38 79 123 144 157
Race/ethnicity          
White 29 66 106 129 145
Black 22 52 84 105 123
Hispanic 22 56 92 118 135
Asian 30 65 105 133 148
Mother's education in 1998          
Less than high school 20 51 82 106 123
High school diploma 24 58 93 116 133
Some college 26 63 101 125 142
Bachelor's or higher degree 32 72 114 138 154
 

NOTES: Mathematics assessment scale ranged from 0 to 174 across all grades. For simplicity, students in Early Childhood Longitudinal Study followups referred to by modal and expected grade, e.g., first graders in spring 2000 assessment. Total row includes other race/ethnicity, not shown separately.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–99 (ECLS-K), fall 1998 and spring 2000, 2002, 2004, and 2007; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. See appendix table 1-1.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010