Table 1-11
Public school students in grade 5 who were taught mathematics by teachers with various qualifications, by student characteristics: 2004
(Percent)
 
Student characteristic Master's or
higher degree
Regular/advanced
certificate
Degree or certificate
in mathematics
(in field)
More than 3 years
in teaching grade 5
 
All students 47 90 38 63
Race/ethnicity        
White, non-Hispanic 51 92 39 68
Black, non-Hispanic 39 86 33 48
Hispanic 42 85 39 58
Mother's education        
Less than high school 34 86 37 61
Bachelor's or higher degree 56 91 34 69
Family poverty statusa        
Below poverty threshold 35 88 37 59
Above poverty threshold 50 90 39 65
Achievement in grade 3b        
Low 38 84 33 60
High 50 92 41 71
 

aFederal poverty thresholds define households below poverty level based on household income and number of household members.
bComposite of reading, mathematics, and science achievement test scores. Low level includes students in bottom quartile of achievement distribution; high level includes top quartile.

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998–99 (ECLS-K), spring 2004; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. See appendix tables 1-12, 1-13, and 1-14.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010