Table 3-11
Labor force participation for individuals with highest degree in S&E, by education level and age: 2003
  Age at which more than half were—
Highest degree No longer
Not in
labor force
Ever retired
Bachelor's 61 65 65
Master's 62 66 66
Doctorate 66 69 67

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (SESTAT) (2003),

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010