Table 4-11
International comparisons of gross domestic expenditures on R&D and R&D share of gross domestic product, by country/economy/region: Most recent year
 
Country/economy GERD (millions PPP$) GERD/GDP (%)
 
Regions/selected countries:
North America
United States (2007) 368,799.0 2.68
Canada (2008) 23,781.0 1.82
     
Latin America and Caribbean
Mexico (2005) 5,919.0 0.46
Argentina (2007) 2,656.2 0.51
     
Western Europe
Germany (2007) 71,860.8 2.54
France (2007) 43,232.6 2.08
United Kingdom (2007) 38,892.8 1.79
Italy (2006) 19,678.1 1.13
Spain (2007) 18,000.3 1.27
Sweden (2007) 12,076.3 3.60
Netherlands (2007) 10,949.8 1.70
Austria (2008) 8,530.1 2.66
Switzerland (2004) 7,474.3 2.90
Belgium (2007) 7,028.3 1.87
Finland (2008) 6,519.7 3.46
Denmark (2007) 5,008.4 2.55
Norway (2007) 4,133.0 1.64
Ireland (2008) 2,855.1 1.45
Portugal (2007) 2,849.7 1.18
Greece (2007) 1,828.4 0.58
Luxembourg (2007) 624.0 1.63
Iceland (2008) 318.2 2.76
     
Central and Eastern Europe
Russian Federation (2007) 23,482.0 1.12
Turkey (2007) 6,830.0 0.71
Czech Republic (2007) 3,813.8 1.54
Poland (2007) 3,482.3 0.57
Hungary (2007) 1,822.9 0.97
Romania (2007) 1,433.9 0.53
Slovenia (2007) 828.3 1.53
Slovak Republic (2007) 497.9 0.46
     
East, South, West Asia
Japan (2007) 147,800.8 3.44
China (2007) 102,331.0 1.49
South Korea (2007) 41,741.6 3.47
Taiwan (2007) 18,324.8 2.63
Singapore (2007) 5,945.5 2.61
     
Pacific
Australia (2006) 14,914.4 2.01
New Zealand (2007) 1,383.7 1.20
     
Africa and Middle East
Israel (2007) 8,845.8 4.68
South Africa (2005) 3,654.3 0.92
     
Selected country groups:
OECD (2007) 886,347.1 2.29
European Union-27 (2007) 262,985.0 1.77
G-7 countries (2007) 715,329.6 2.53
 

EU = European Union; GDP = gross domestic product; GERD = gross domestic expenditure on R&D; OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; PPP = purchasing power parity

NOTE: Data for Israel is civilian R&D only.

SOURCE: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2009/1).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010