Table 4-12
Gross expenditures on R&D as share of gross domestic product, for selected countries: Most recent year
(Percent)
 
Country All
R&D/GDP
Nondefense
R&D/GDP
Share Basic
R&D/GDP
Share
 
United States (2007) 2.68 2.26 84 0.47 18
Japan (2007) 3.44 3.40 99 0.40 12
China (2007) 1.49 NA NA 0.05 3
Germany (2006) 2.54 2.50 98 NA NA
France (2006) 2.10 1.94 92 0.50 24
South Korea (2006) 3.22 3.15 98 0.49 15
United Kingdom (2006) 1.76 1.60 91 NA NA
Russian Federation (2002) 1.25 0.88 70 0.17 14
Canada (2008) 1.82 NA NA NA NA
Italy (2005) 1.09 1.09 100 0.30 28
           
Taiwan (2007) 2.63 2.60 99 0.26 10
Spain (2003) 1.05 1.02 97 0.20 19
Australia (2006) 2.01 1.93 96 0.45 22
Sweden (2006) 3.74 3.50 94 NA NA
Israel (2007) NA 4.68 NA 0.78 NA
           
Switzerland (2004) 2.90 2.88 99 0.83 29
Finland (2007) 3.48 3.48 100 NA NA
Denmark (2005) 2.54 NA NA 0.44 17
Singapore (2007) 2.61 NA NA 0.45 17
Ireland (2006) 1.30 1.30 100 0.31 24
 

NA = not available

GDP = gross domestic product

NOTES: Top 10 R&D performing countries (United States to Italy) and selected other countries. Figures for Israel are civilian R&D only.

SOURCE: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2009/1).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010