Table 4-15
Global R&D spending by top 25 corporations: 2006
 
  R&D rank   R&D expense
($millions)
  Sales
($millions)
  R&D/sales
ratio (%)
Company (country) 2006 2005   2006 2005 Change
(%)
  2006 2005 Change
(%)
  2006 2005
 
Toyota Motor (Japan) 1 4   7,486 6,829 9.6   201,254 176,789 13.8   3.7 3.9
Pfizer (United States) 2 2   7,423 7,442 –0.3   48,201 51,298 –6.0   15.4 14.5
Ford Motor (United States) 3 1   7,200 8,000 –10.0   160,123 176,896 –9.5   4.5 4.5
Johnson & Johnson (United States) 4 8   7,125 6,312 12.9   53,194 50,434 5.5   13.4 12.5
Microsoft (United States) 5 7   7,121 6,584 8.2   51,122 44,282 15.4   13.9 14.9
DaimlerChrysler (Germany) 6 3   7,007 7,425 –5.6   199,246 196,863 1.2   3.5 3.8
GlaxoSmithKline (United Kingdom) 7 9   6,611 6,108 8.2   45,263 42,213 7.2   14.6 14.5
Siemens (Germany) 8 5   6,604 6,776 –2.5   114,779 99,164 15.7   5.8 6.8
General Motors (United States) 9 6   6,600 6,700 –1.5   207,349 190,215 9.0   3.2 3.5
Volkswagen (Germany) 10 12   6,030 5,364 12.4   137,846 125,219 10.1   4.4 4.3
Samsung Electronics (South Korea) 11 10   5,943 5,765 3.1   91,038 85,927 5.9   6.5 6.7
Intel (United States) 12 14   5,873 5,145 14.1   35,382 38,826 –8.9   16.6 13.3
Sanofi-Aventis (France) 13 13   5,823 5,315 9.6   37,293 35,897 3.9   15.6 14.8
International Business Machines (United States) 14 11   5,682 5,378 5.7   91,424 91,134 0.3   6.2 5.9
Roche Holding (Switzerland) 15 17   5,359 4,640 15.5   34,192 28,882 18.4   15.7 16.1
Novartis (Switzerland) 16 18   5,349 4,514 18.5   36,031 32,212 11.9   14.8 14.0
Nokia (Finland) 17 15   5,122 5,008 2.3   54,049 44,940 20.3   9.5 11.1
Matsushita Electric (Japan) 18 16   4,858 4,746 2.4   76,543 74,746 2.4   6.3 6.3
Honda Motor (Japan) 19 20   4,638 4,289 8.1   93,174 83,264 11.9   5.0 5.2
Sony (Japan) 20 19   4,571 4,469 2.3   69,715 62,822 11.0   6.6 7.1
Robert Bosch GmbH (Germany) 21 21   4,401 4,039 9.0   57,418 54,496 5.4   7.7 7.4
Motorola (United States) 22 24   4,106 3,680 11.6   42,879 36,843 16.4   9.6 10.0
Cisco Systems (United States) 23 30   4,067 3,322 22.4   28,484 24,801 14.9   14.3 13.4
Merck (United States) 24 22   4,020 3,848 4.5   22,636 22,012 2.8   17.8 17.5
Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson (Sweden) 25 25   3,990 3,494 14.2   25,403 21,693 17.1   15.7 16.1
 

SOURCE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), IEEE Spectrum Top 100 R&D Spenders, Standard & Poor's data (2006), http://www.spectrum.ieee.org/images/dec07/images/12.RDchart.pdf, accessed 5 May 2009.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010