Table 4-17
Government R&D support by major socioeconomic objectives, for selected countries: 1981–most recent year
 
Country/economy
and year
GBAORD (current US$millions, PPP)   GBAORD
budget shares
  Nondefense R&D budget shares
  Defense Nondefense   Health and
environment
Economic
development
programs
Civil space Other
 
OECD                  
1981 68,423.0   37.7 62.3   17.8 37.7 10.2 34.3
1990 135,732.9   39.3 60.7   18.8 28.9 11.8 40.5
2000 196,850.7   28.2 71.8   22.3 23.0 10.0 44.7
Most recent (2006) 287,197.0   33.2 66.8   25.3 21.6 9.3 43.8
                   
United States                  
1981 33,735.0   56.4 45.4   31.2 36.1 20.3 12.4
1990 63,781.0   62.6 37.4   40.2 22.2 24.2 13.4
2000 83,612.5   51.6 48.4   49.9 13.4 20.9 15.8
Most recent (2007) 141,890.3   57.8 42.2   54.7 10.3 18.4 16.6
                   
European Union-27                  
1981 na   na na   na na na na
1990 na   na na   na na na na
2000 75,267.4   13.1 86.9   11.6 22.7 6.1 59.6
Most recent (2006) 96,995.8   13.3 86.7   13.7 22.3 5.4 58.6
                   
Germany                  
1981 8,572.5   8.9 91.1   9.6 34.9 4.6 50.9
1990 13,269.1   13.5 86.5   10.8 25.9 6.8 56.5
2000 16,787.5   7.8 92.2   9.4 21.6 4.9 64.1
Most recent (2007) 20,837.7   6.1 93.9   9.7 21.6 5.0 63.7
                   
France                  
1981 7,211.8   38.4 61.6   13.3 37.9 6.7 42.1
1990 13,738.9   40.1 60.0   9.3 32.8 13.0 44.9
2000 14,721.6   21.4 78.6   9.7 17.7 14.2 58.4
Most recent (2007) 15,538.5   28.8 71.2   13.2 21.9 12.6 52.3
                   
United Kingdom                  
1981 6,791.4   46.3 53.7   13.1 38.5 3.8 44.6
1990 8,154.7   43.5 56.5   18.1 31.9 5.5 44.5
2000 10,346.0   36.2 63.8   28.3 12.1 3.7 55.9
Most recent (2006) 14,768.8   28.3 71.7   25.8 7.1 3.0 64.1
                   
Japan                  
1981 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA
1990 10,255.4   5.4 94.6   4.5 33.9 6.9 54.7
2000 21,196.9   4.1 95.9   6.6 33.4 5.8 54.2
Most recent (2007) 29,184.8   4.5 95.5   7.1 30.6 7.3 55.0
                   
South Korea                  
1981 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA
1990 NA   NA NA   NA NA NA NA
2000 5,007.2   20.5 79.5   14.8 53.4 3.1 28.7
Most recent (2007) 10,831.9   16.6 83.4   17.1 52.4 4.6 25.9
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

GBAORD = government budget appropriations or outlays for R&D; OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; PPP = purchasing power parity

NOTES: Nondefense R&D classified as other purposes consists primarily of general advancement of knowledge (university funds and nonoriented research programs). GBAORD figures not currently available for China and incomplete for Russian Federation. See appendix table 4-30.

SOURCE: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators (2008/2).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010