Table 4-22
Federal laboratory technology transfer activity indicators, by selected U.S. agency: FY 2007
 
Technology transfer activity indicator Total DOD HHS DOE NASA USDA DOC
 
Invention disclosures and patenting
Inventions disclosed 4,486 838 447 1,575 1,268 126 32
Patent applications filed 1,824 597 261 693 105 114 7
Patents issued 1,406 425 379 441 93 37 4
Licensing
All licenses, total active 10,347 460 1,418 5,842 1,883 339 217
Invention licenses 3,935 460 915 1,354 461 339 217
Other intellectual property licenses 6,405 0 460 4,488 1,422 0 0
Collaborative relationships for R&D
CRADAs, total active 7,327 2,971 285 697 1 230 2,778
Traditional CRADAs 3,117 2,383 206 697 1 184 154
Other collaborative R&D relationships 9,445 0 0 0 2,666 4,084 2,695
 

CRADA = Cooperative Research and Development Agreement; DOC = Department of Commerce; DOD = Department of Defense; DOE = Department of Energy; HHS = Department of Health and Human Services; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; USDA = U.S. Department of Agriculture

NOTES: Other federal agencies not listed but included in total: Department of the Interior, Department of Transportation, Department of Veterans Affairs, and Environmental Protection Agency. Department of Homeland Security expected to provide technology transfer statistics starting in FY 2008. Invention licenses refers to inventions that are/could be patented. Other intellectual property refers to intellectual property protected through mechanisms other than a patent, e.g., copyright. Total active CRADAs refers to agreements executed under CRADA authority (15 U.S.C. 3710a). Traditional CRADAs are collaborative R&D partnerships between a federal laboratory and one or more nonfederal organizations. Federal agencies have varying authorities for other kinds of collaborative R&D relationships.

SOURCE: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Federal Laboratory Technology Transfer, Fiscal Year 2007, Summary Report to the President and the Congress, January 2009, http://patapsco.nist.gov/ts/220/external/index.htm, accessed 6 May 2009. See appendix table 4-43.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010