Table 5-7
S&E doctorate holders employed in academia with research or teaching as primary or secondary work activity, by degree field: 1973 and 2006
(Thousands)
 
  1973   2006   Growth rate 1973–2006 (%)
Degree field Research Teaching   Research Teaching   Research Teaching
 
All fields 82.3 94.9   183.7 163.3   2.5 1.7
Physical sciences 18.8 20.2   26.9 24.1   1.1 0.5
Mathematics 6.8 8.8   11.4 13.8   1.6 1.4
Computer sciences NA NA   4.1 4.0   NA NA
Life sciences 26.0 25.3   66.7 45.4   2.9 1.8
Psychology 7.3 9.8   20.5 21.1   3.2 2.3
Social sciences 14.3 20.2   32.8 37.9   2.5 1.9
Engineering 9.0 10.5   21.4 17.1   2.7 1.5
 

NA = not available

NOTES: Physical sciences include earth, atmospheric, and ocean sciences. Academic employment limited to U.S. doctorate holders employed at 2- or 4-year colleges or universities. Total excludes those employed part time because they are students or retired. Research includes basic or applied research, development, or design. Because individuals may select both a primary and a secondary work activity, they can be counted in both groups.

SOURCE: National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Survey of Doctorate Recipients, 1973 and 2006, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010