Table 5-14
S&E articles in all fields, by country/economy: 1995 and 2007
 
Rank Country 1995 2007 Average annual change (%) Percent of total (2007) 2007 cumulative world total (%)
 
na World 564,645 758,142 2.5 na na
1 United States 193,337 209,695 0.7 27.7 27.7
2 China 9,061 56,806 16.5 7.5 35.2
3 Japan 47,068 52,896 1.0 7.0 42.1
4 United Kingdom 45,498 47,121 0.3 6.2 48.3
5 Germany 37,645 44,408 1.4 5.9 54.2
6 France 28,847 30,740 0.5 4.1 58.3
7 Canada 23,740 27,799 1.3 3.7 61.9
8 Italy 17,880 26,544 3.3 3.5 65.4
9 Spain 11,316 20,981 5.3 2.8 68.2
10 South Korea 3,803 18,467 14.1 2.4 70.6
11 India 9,370 18,194 5.7 2.4 73.0
12 Australia 13,125 17,831 2.6 2.4 75.4
13 Netherlands 12,089 14,210 1.4 1.9 77.3
14 Russia 18,603 13,953 –2.4 1.8 79.1
15 Taiwan 4,759 12,742 8.6 1.7 80.8
16 Brazil 3,436 11,885 10.9 1.6 82.3
17 Sweden 9,287 9,914 0.5 1.3 83.6
18 Switzerland 7,220 9,190 2.0 1.2 84.9
19 Turkey 1,715 8,638 14.4 1.1 86.0
20 Poland 4,549 7,136 3.8 0.9 86.9
21 Belgium 5,172 7,071 2.6 0.9 87.9
22 Israel 5,741 6,622 1.2 0.9 88.7
23 Denmark 4,330 5,236 1.6 0.7 89.4
24 Finland 4,077 4,989 1.7 0.7 90.1
25 Greece 2,058 4,980 7.6 0.7 90.8
26 Austria 3,425 4,825 2.9 0.6 91.4
27 Iran 279 4,366 25.7 0.6 92.0
28 Mexico 1,937 4,223 6.7 0.6 92.5
29 Norway 2,920 4,079 2.8 0.5 93.1
30 Singapore 1,141 3,792 10.5 0.5 93.6
31 Czech Republic 1,955 3,689 5.4 0.5 94.0
32 Portugal 990 3,424 10.9 0.5 94.5
33 Argentina 1,967 3,362 4.6 0.4 94.9
34 New Zealand 2,442 3,173 2.2 0.4 95.4
35 South Africa 2,351 2,805 1.5 0.4 95.7
36 Ireland 1,218 2,487 6.1 0.3 96.1
37 Hungary 1,764 2,452 2.8 0.3 96.4
38 Egypt 1,388 1,934 2.8 0.3 96.6
39 Ukraine 2,516 1,847 –2.5 0.2 96.9
40 Chile 889 1,740 5.8 0.2 97.1
41 Thailand 340 1,728 14.5 0.2 97.3
42 Slovenia 434 1,280 9.4 0.2 97.5
43 Romania 678 1,252 5.2 0.2 97.7
44 Croatia 600 1,102 5.2 0.1 97.8
45 Serbia NA 1,057 NA 0.1 98.0
 

na = not applicable; NA = not available

NOTES: Countries shown produced >1,000 articles in 2007. Countries ranked on 2007 total. Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year of publication and assigned to country/economy on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on fractional-count basis, i.e., for articles with collaborating institutions from multiple countries/economies, each country/economy receives fractional credit on basis of proportion of its participating institutions. Detail does not add to total because countries omitted.

SOURCES: Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/; The Patent BoardTM; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics. See appendix table 5-25.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010