Table 5-18
International collaboration on S&E articles, by selected country/economy: 1998 and 2008
(Percent)
 
  Share of country's/
economy's total
article output
  Share of world's
internationally
coauthored
articles
Country/economy 1998 2008   1998 2008
 
United States 20 30   44 43
EU          
France 38 52   16 14
Germany 36 51   20 19
Italy 38 45   10 9
Netherlands 40 52   7 6
Spain 34 45   6 8
United Kingdom 32 49   19 19
Other Western Europe          
Switzerland 50 65   6 6
Asia          
China 26 25   4 11
Japan 17 26   10 9
Asia-8 23 30   7 12
Other          
Australia 31 45   5 7
Canada 34 46   10 10
 

EU = European Union

NOTES: Internationally coauthored articles have at least one collaborating institution from indicated country/economy and an institution from outside that country/economy. Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year they entered database, rather than year of publication, and assigned to country/ economy on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on whole-count basis, i.e., each collaborating country/economy credited one count. Countries/economies with less than 5% of 2008 international total omitted. See appendix table 5-23 for countries/ economies included in Asia-8, which in this table is treated as a single country. Detail adds to more than 100% because articles may have authors from more than two countries/economies.

SOURCES: Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/; The Patent BoardTM; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010