Table 5-21
U.S. article coauthorship, by sector, foreign coauthorship, and U.S. coauthor sector: 1998 and 2008
(Percent)
 
      U.S. coauthor sector
Year/sector Foreign coauthor   FFRDCs Federal government State/local government Academic institutions Industry Private nonprofit
 
1998              
Federal government 19.7   3.2 17.4 2.0 54.4 9.0 8.5
Industry 19.7   3.3 9.6 1.4 44.8 14.1 8.9
Academic 19.6   2.6 7.8 1.4 37.7 6.0 8.6
FFRDCs 32.9   12.6 8.6 0.2 48.5 8.4 3.4
Private nonprofit 17.8   1.2 8.0 2.3 57.1 8.0 24.3
State/local government 10.9   0.5 13.9 13.5 64.2 8.8 16.2
2008              
Federal government 27.4   4.0 20.5 2.9 62.0 9.5 12.9
Industry 29.2   3.5 10.5 1.9 53.8 17.9 13.5
Academic 28.8   3.2 8.1 1.5 45.2 6.4 10.5
FFRDCs 41.6   17.6 9.7 0.2 58.3 7.6 5.0
Private nonprofit 27.6   1.6 10.3 2.7 63.9 9.7 28.8
State/local government 17.8   0.6 18.3 15.6 74.0 10.8 21.7
1998–2008 change (percentage points)              
Federal government 7.8   0.8 3.1 0.9 7.6 0.5 4.5
Industry 9.5   0.2 0.8 0.5 9.0 3.8 4.6
Academic 9.2   0.6 0.3 0.2 7.5 0.3 1.9
FFRDCs 8.7   5.0 1.1 * 9.8 –0.7 1.6
Private nonprofit 9.7   0.4 2.2 0.5 6.8 1.8 4.5
State/local government 6.9   0.1 4.4 2.1 9.8 2.1 5.5
 

* = rounds to zero

FFRDC = federally funded research and development center

NOTES: Article counts from set of journals covered by Science Citation Index (SCI) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI). Articles classified by year they entered the database, rather than year of publication, and assigned to sector on basis of institutional address(es) listed on article. Articles on wholecount basis, i.e., each collaborating country or sector credited one count. Articles from joint or unknown sectors omitted. Detail may add to more than 100% because articles may have authors from more than two sectors.

SOURCES: Thomson Reuters, SCI and SSCI, http://thomsonreuters.com/products_services/science/; The Patent BoardTM; and National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Statistics, special tabulations.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010