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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Fourth Grade Mathematics Performance


Quartiles

Average fourth grade mathematics performance: 2007 (Score out of 500)
 
1st quartile
(252 – 244)
2nd quartile
(243 – 240)
3rd quartile
(239 – 236)
4th quartile
(235 – 214)
 
Indiana Colorado Alaska‡ Alabama‡
Kansas‡ Connecticut Arkansas‡ Arizona
Massachusetts Delaware‡ Illinois California
Minnesota Florida Michigan District of Columbia
Montana‡ Idaho‡ Missouri Georgia
New Hampshire‡ Iowa Nebraska‡ Hawaii‡
New Jersey Maine‡ Oklahoma‡ Kentucky‡
North Dakota‡ Maryland Oregon Louisiana‡
Ohio New York Rhode Island‡ Mississippi‡
Pennsylvania North Carolina South Carolina‡ Nevada‡
Vermont‡ South Dakota‡ Utah New Mexico‡
Virginia Texas West Virginia‡ Tennessee
Wisconsin Washington
Wyoming‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

NOTE: See figure 8-2 text for explanation for achievement levels.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Education Progress. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, the nationwide average mathematics score of fourth grade public school students was 239, a significant increase from 224 in 2000.
  • For the 41 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2007 mathematics assessments, the average score for public school fourth graders showed a statistically significant increase between 2000 and 2007. Only the District of Columbia reported an average score in 2007 that was below the 2000 national average of 224.
  • The entire fourth grade student sample, including students performing at the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles, demonstrated statistically significant gains in mathematics scores between 2000 and 2007.
  • The states with the highest average mathematics scores for fourth graders were concentrated in the northern United States. A number of EPSCoR states were included in this group.
  • The gaps in mathematics scores between white fourth graders and black or Hispanic fourth graders narrowed significantly between 2000 and 2007. The gender gap in fourth grade mathematics scores, although much smaller, showed no significant change between 2000 and 2007.


Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2007.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. Higher scores indicate that fourth graders are demonstrating a stronger foundation for adult mathematics competency. An average score designated as NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not have a representative sample of fourth graders that was large enough for reporting state-level results.

NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-1
Average fourth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2007
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2000 2005 2007
 
United States 224 * 237 * 239
Alabama 217 * 225 * 229
Alaska NA 236 237
Arizona 219 * 230 232
Arkansas 216 * 236 238
California 213 * 230 230
Colorado NA 239 240
Connecticut 234 * 242 243
Delaware NA 240 * 242
District of Columbia 192 * 211 * 214
Florida NA 239 * 242
Georgia 219 * 234 235
Hawaii 216 * 230 * 234
Idaho 224 * 242 241
Illinois 223 * 233 * 237
Indiana 233 * 240 * 245
Iowa 231 * 240 * 243
Kansas 232 * 246 248
Kentucky 219 * 231 * 235
Louisiana 218 * 230 230
Maine 230 * 241 242
Maryland 222 * 238 240
Massachusetts 233 * 247 * 252
Michigan 229 * 238 238
Minnesota 234 * 246 247
Mississippi 211 * 227 228
Missouri 228 * 235 * 239
Montana 228 * 241 * 244
Nebraska 225 * 238 238
Nevada 220 * 230 232
New Hampshire NA 246 * 249
New Jersey NA 244 * 249
New Mexico 213 * 224 * 228
New York 225 * 238 * 243
North Carolina 230 * 241 242
North Dakota 230 * 243 * 245
Ohio 230 * 242 245
Oklahoma 224 * 234 * 237
Oregon 224 * 238 236
Pennsylvania NA 241 * 244
Rhode Island 224 * 233 236
South Carolina 220 * 238 237
South Dakota NA 242 241
Tennessee 220 * 232 233
Texas 231 * 242 242
Utah 227 * 239 239
Vermont 232 * 244 * 246
Virginia 230 * 240 * 244
Washington NA 242 243
West Virginia 223 * 231 * 236
Wisconsin NA 241 * 244
Wyoming 229 * 243 244
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from 2007 when only one jurisdiction or the nation is being examined; NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010