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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Current Expenditures per Pupil for Elementary and Secondary Public Schools


Quartiles

Current expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools: 2007 (Dollars)
 
1st quartile
($16,163 – $11,060)
2nd quartile
($11,037 – $9,102)
3rd quartile
($9,080 – $8,391)
4th quartile
($8,286 – $5,706)
 
Alaska‡ Georgia Alabama‡ Arizona
Connecticut Illinois Arkansas‡ Colorado
Delaware‡ Kansas‡ California Idaho‡
District of Columbia Michigan Florida Kentucky‡
Hawaii‡ Minnesota Indiana Mississippi‡
Maine‡ Montana‡ Iowa Nevada‡
Maryland Nebraska‡ Louisiana‡ North Carolina
Massachusetts New Hampshire‡ Missouri Oklahoma‡
New Jersey Ohio New Mexico‡ South Dakota‡
New York Pennsylvania North Dakota‡ Tennessee
Rhode Island‡ Virginia Oregon Texas
Vermont‡ West Virginia‡ South Carolina‡ Utah
Wyoming‡ Wisconsin Washington
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), NCES Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education; and National Public Education Financial Survey. See Data Table.



Findings

  • Per-pupil spending on day-to-day operations grew nationwide from $5,923 in 1997 to $9,683 in 2007, an increase of 63% in unadjusted dollars. This was equivalent to an increase of approximately 30% after adjusting for inflation.
  • In 2007, all states showed substantial increases in per-pupil spending relative to 1997, and only 1 state did not exceed the 1997 national average, compared with 31 states in 1997.
  • Per-pupil spending in individual states varied widely, ranging from a high of $16,163 to a low of $5,706 in 2007.
  • No direct correlation can be made between spending and academic performance. Several states that ranked in the lower two quartiles of this indicator ranked in the upper quartiles of the National Assessment of Educational Progress indicators.


Description

This indicator measures the amount that local, state, and federal governments spend on elementary and secondary education, adjusted for the size of the student body. It is calculated by dividing the current expenditures over the entire academic year for prekindergarten through grade 12 by the number of students in those grades in public schools. Current expenditures represent amounts spent on the day-to-day operations of schools and school districts. They include expenditures for instruction and instruction-related costs, student support services, administration, and operations and exclude funds for school construction and other capital outlays, debt service, and programs outside of public elementary and secondary education.

During the 2006–07 school year, 65.8% of current expenses were used for instructional costs, 5.3% for student support services, 10.8% for administrative costs, and 18.0% for operational costs.

The number of pupils enrolled in prekindergarten through grade 12 is determined during the fall of the academic year. All figures represent actual spending and have not been adjusted for inflation. The year is the end date of the academic year. For example, data for 2007 represent costs for the 2006–07 academic year.

Current expenditures per pupil do not take into account the cost of living in a state, which could affect the amount of goods and services that can be purchased.

Data Table

Table 8-11
Current expenditures per pupil for elementary and secondary public schools, by state: 1997, 2002, and 2007
 
  Public school expenditures
($thousands)
  Student enrollment   Per-pupil
expenditures ($)
State 1997 2002 2007 1997 2002 2007 1997 2002 2007
 
United States 270,151,583 368,499,139 476,825,866 45,611,046 47,647,972 49,245,840 5,923 7,734 9,683
Alabama 3,436,406 4,444,390 6,245,031 747,932 737,190 743,632 4,595 6,029 8,398
Alaska 1,069,379 1,284,854 1,634,316 129,919 134,358 132,608 8,231 9,563 12,324
Arizona 3,527,473 5,499,645 7,815,720 799,250 922,180 1,065,082 4,413 5,964 7,338
Arkansas 2,074,113 2,822,877 3,997,701 457,349 449,805 476,409 4,535 6,276 8,391
California 29,909,168 46,265,544 57,352,599 5,686,198 6,223,821 6,406,821 5,260 7,434 8,952
Colorado 3,577,211 5,151,003 6,579,053 673,438 742,145 794,026 5,312 6,941 8,286
Connecticut 4,522,716 6,031,062 7,855,459 527,129 570,228 575,100 8,580 10,577 13,659
Delaware 788,715 1,072,875 1,437,707 110,549 115,560 122,254 7,135 9,284 11,760
District of Columbia 632,952 912,432 1,130,006 78,648 75,392 72,850 8,048 12,103 15,511
Florida 12,018,676 15,535,864 22,887,024 2,242,212 2,500,478 2,671,513 5,360 6,213 8,567
Georgia 7,230,405 10,853,496 14,828,715 1,346,761 1,470,634 1,629,157 5,369 7,380 9,102
Hawaii 1,057,069 1,348,381 1,998,913 187,653 184,546 180,728 5,633 7,306 11,060
Idaho 1,090,597 1,481,803 1,777,491 245,252 246,521 267,380 4,447 6,011 6,648
Illinois 11,720,249 16,480,787 20,326,591 1,973,040 2,071,391 2,118,276 5,940 7,956 9,596
Indiana 6,055,055 7,704,547 9,497,077 982,876 996,133 1,045,940 6,161 7,734 9,080
Iowa 2,885,943 3,565,796 4,231,932 502,941 485,932 481,368 5,738 7,338 8,791
Kansas 2,568,525 3,450,923 4,339,477 466,293 470,205 469,506 5,508 7,339 9,243
Kentucky 3,382,062 4,268,608 5,424,621 656,089 654,363 683,173 5,155 6,523 7,940
Louisiana 3,747,507 4,802,565 6,040,368 793,296 731,328 675,851 4,724 6,567 8,937
Maine 1,351,500 1,812,798 2,258,764 213,593 205,586 193,986 6,327 8,818 11,644
Maryland 5,529,309 7,480,723 10,198,084 818,583 860,640 851,640 6,755 8,692 11,975
Massachusetts 6,846,610 9,957,292 12,453,611 933,898 973,140 968,661 7,331 10,232 12,857
Michigan 11,686,124 14,975,150 17,013,259 1,685,714 1,730,668 1,714,709 6,932 8,653 9,922
Minnesota 5,087,353 6,586,559 8,060,410 847,204 851,384 840,565 6,005 7,736 9,589
Mississippi 2,035,675 2,642,116 3,692,358 503,967 493,507 495,026 4,039 5,354 7,459
Missouri 4,775,931 6,491,603 7,957,705 900,517 909,792 899,426 5,304 7,135 8,848
Montana 902,252 1,073,005 1,320,112 164,627 151,947 143,624 5,481 7,062 9,191
Nebraska 1,707,455 2,206,946 2,825,608 291,967 285,095 280,647 5,848 7,741 10,068
Nevada 1,434,395 2,169,000 3,311,471 282,131 356,814 424,240 5,084 6,079 7,806
New Hampshire 1,173,958 1,641,378 2,246,692 198,308 206,847 203,551 5,920 7,935 11,037
New Jersey 11,771,941 15,822,609 22,448,262 1,227,832 1,341,656 1,388,850 9,588 11,793 16,163
New Mexico 1,557,376 2,204,165 2,904,474 332,632 320,260 328,220 4,682 6,882 8,849
New York 24,237,291 32,218,975 43,679,908 2,843,131 2,872,132 2,809,649 8,525 11,218 15,546
North Carolina 5,964,939 8,550,546 11,248,336 1,210,108 1,315,363 1,427,880 4,929 6,501 7,878
North Dakota 577,498 711,437 838,221 120,123 106,047 96,670 4,808 6,709 8,671
Ohio 10,948,074 14,774,065 18,251,361 1,844,698 1,830,985 1,836,096 5,935 8,069 9,940
Oklahoma 2,990,044 3,875,547 4,750,536 620,695 622,139 639,391 4,817 6,229 7,430
Oregon 3,184,100 4,214,512 5,039,632 537,854 551,480 562,574 5,920 7,642 8,958
Pennsylvania 12,820,704 15,550,975 20,404,304 1,804,256 1,821,627 1,871,060 7,106 8,537 10,905
Rhode Island 1,151,888 1,533,455 2,039,633 151,324 158,046 151,612 7,612 9,703 13,453
South Carolina 3,296,661 4,744,809 6,023,043 652,816 676,198 703,119 5,050 7,017 8,566
South Dakota 627,109 819,296 977,006 143,331 127,542 121,158 4,375 6,424 8,064
Tennessee 4,145,380 5,511,452 6,975,099 904,818 924,899 978,368 4,581 5,959 7,129
Texas 20,167,238 28,191,128 36,105,784 3,828,975 4,163,447 4,599,509 5,267 6,771 7,850
Utah 1,822,725 2,374,702 2,987,810 481,812 484,677 523,586 3,783 4,900 5,706
Vermont 718,092 992,149 1,300,149 106,341 101,179 95,399 6,753 9,806 13,629
Virginia 6,343,766 8,718,554 12,465,858 1,096,093 1,163,091 1,220,440 5,788 7,496 10,214
Washington 5,587,808 7,103,721 8,752,007 974,504 1,009,200 1,026,774 5,734 7,039 8,524
West Virginia 1,847,560 2,219,013 2,742,344 304,052 282,885 281,939 6,076 7,844 9,727
Wisconsin 5,975,122 7,592,176 9,029,660 879,259 879,361 871,027 6,796 8,634 10,367
Wyoming 591,488 761,830 1,124,564 99,058 88,128 84,770 5,971 8,645 13,266
                   
Puerto Rico 1,796,077 2,152,724 3,268,200 618,861 604,177 544,138 2,902 3,563 6,006
 

SOURCES: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), NCES Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary/Secondary Education (various years); and National Public Education Financial Survey (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010