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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Fourth Grade Mathematics Proficiency


Quartiles

Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade mathematics: 2007 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(58% – 44%)
2nd quartile
(43% – 40%)
3rd quartile
(39% – 33%)
4th quartile
(32% – 14%)
 
Connecticut Colorado Alaska‡ Alabama‡
Indiana Delaware‡ Arkansas‡ Arizona
Kansas‡ Idaho‡ Florida California
Massachusetts Iowa Hawaii‡ District of Columbia
Minnesota Maine‡ Illinois Georgia
Montana‡ Maryland Michigan Kentucky‡
New Hampshire‡ New York Missouri Louisiana‡
New Jersey North Carolina Nebraska‡ Mississippi‡
North Dakota‡ South Dakota‡ Oklahoma‡ Nevada‡
Ohio Texas Oregon New Mexico‡
Pennsylvania Virginia Rhode Island‡ Tennessee
Vermont‡ South Carolina‡
Washington Utah
Wisconsin West Virginia‡
Wyoming‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, 39% of fourth grade public school students nationwide performed at or above the proficient level in mathematics, which represents a statistically significant increase from 22% in 2000. Several states more than doubled the percentage of their students performing at or above the proficient level.
  • Of the 41 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2007 assessments, all showed significant increases in mathematics proficiency levels for public school fourth graders in 2007.
  • The states with the highest percentages of fourth-graders who were proficient in mathematics are concentrated in the northern United States. A number of EPSCoR states were included in this group.
  • Substantial differences in mathematics proficiency exist among racial/ethnic groups of fourth graders. The gaps increased between 2000 and 2007 as blacks and Hispanics failed to match the gains made in mathematics proficiency by whites. The gender gap among fourth graders is much smaller and remained unchanged between 2000 and 2007.


Description

This indicator represents the proportion of a state's fourth grade students in public schools that has met or exceeded the proficiency standard in mathematics.

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) provides a federally authorized measure of student performance in mathematics. The National Assessment Governing Board sets performance standards that provide a context for interpreting NAEP results. The standards define "proficiency" as well as performance levels that indicate greater ("advanced") and lesser ("basic") accomplishment. For the fourth grade, the proficient level (scores 249–281) represents solid academic performance and demonstrates competency over challenging subject-matter knowledge, its application to real-world situations, and mastery of appropriate analytical skills. The advanced level (282–500) signifies superior performance. The basic level (214–248) denotes partial mastery of knowledge and skills that are prerequisite for proficient work.

Approximately 198,000 fourth grade students in 7,800 schools participated in the 2007 NAEP mathematics assessment. A designation of NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not have a representative sample of fourth graders that was large enough for reporting state-level results.

Data Table

Table 8-2
Students reaching proficiency in fourth grade mathematics, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2007
(Percent)
 
State 2000 2005 2007
 
United States 22 * 35 * 39
Alabama 13 * 21 * 26
Alaska NA 34 38
Arizona 16 * 28 31
Arkansas 14 * 34 37
California 13 * 28 30
Colorado NA 39 41
Connecticut 31 * 43 45
Delaware NA 36 * 40
District of Columbia 5 * 10 * 14
Florida NA 37 * 37
Georgia 17 * 30 32
Hawaii 14 * 27 * 33
Idaho 20 * 41 40
Illinois 20 * 32 * 36
Indiana 30 * 38 * 46
Iowa 26 * 37 * 43
Kansas 29 * 47 51
Kentucky 17 * 26 * 31
Louisiana 14 * 24 24
Maine 23 * 39 42
Maryland 21 * 38 40
Massachusetts 31 * 49 * 58
Michigan 28 * 37 37
Minnesota 33 * 47 51
Mississippi 9 * 19 21
Missouri 23 * 31 * 38
Montana 24 * 38 * 44
Nebraska 24 * 36 38
Nevada 16 * 26 * 30
New Hampshire NA 47 * 52
New Jersey NA 46 * 52
New Mexico 12 * 19 * 24
New York 21 * 36 * 43
North Carolina 25 * 40 41
North Dakota 25 * 40 * 46
Ohio 25 * 43 46
Oklahoma 16 * 29 33
Oregon 23 * 37 35
Pennsylvania NA 41 * 47
Rhode Island 22 * 31 * 34
South Carolina 18 * 36 36
South Dakota NA 40 41
Tennessee 18 * 28 29
Texas 25 * 40 40
Utah 23 * 37 39
Vermont 29 * 44 * 49
Virginia 24 * 40 42
Washington NA 42 44
West Virginia 17 * 25 * 33
Wisconsin NA 40 * 47
Wyoming 25 * 42 44
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from 2007 when only one jurisdiction or the nation is being examined; NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010