Skip all navigation and go to page content

Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Fourth Grade Science Performance


Quartiles

Average fourth grade science performance: 2005 (Score out of 300)
 
1st quartile
(161 – 158)
2nd quartile
(157 – 152)
3rd quartile
(151 – 148)
4th quartile
(147 – 133)
No Data
 
Kentucky‡ Colorado Florida Alabama‡ Alaska‡
Maine‡ Connecticut Georgia Arizona District of Columbia
Massachusetts Delaware‡ Illinois Arkansas‡ Iowa
Missouri Idaho‡ Maryland California Kansas‡
Montana‡ Indiana North Carolina Hawaii‡ Nebraska‡
New Hampshire‡ Michigan Oklahoma‡ Louisiana‡ New York
North Dakota‡ Minnesota Oregon Mississippi‡ Pennsylvania
South Dakota‡ New Jersey South Carolina‡ Nevada‡
Vermont‡ Ohio Tennessee New Mexico‡
Virginia Utah Texas Rhode Island‡
Wisconsin Washington West Virginia‡
Wyoming‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

NOTE: See figure 8-4 text for explanation of achievement levels.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2005, the nationwide average science score of fourth grade public school students was 149, an increase from 145 in 2000.
  • Of the 36 states that participated in both the 2000 and 2005 science assessments, 20 reported increases in average scores of their public school fourth graders, but only 9 of these increases were statistically significant.
  • Students performing at the 10th, 25th, and 50th percentiles demonstrated gains in science scores between 2000 and 2005, whereas students performing at the 75th and 90th percentiles showed no statistically significant change in average score.
  • The states with the highest average science scores for fourth graders were concentrated in the northern United States. A number of EPSCoR states were included in this group.
  • The gaps in science scores between white fourth graders and black or Hispanic fourth graders narrowed significantly between 2000 and 2005. The gender gap in fourth grade science scores, although much smaller, remained unchanged between 2000 and 2005.


Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in science for its fourth grade students in public schools. The NAEP science assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which 44 states participated in 2005.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 300. Higher scores indicate that fourth graders are demonstrating a stronger foundation for adult science competency. An average score designated as NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not have a representative sample of fourth graders that was large enough for reporting state-level results.

NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-3
Average fourth grade science performance, by state: 2000 and 2005
(Score out of 300)
 
State 2000 2005
 
United States 145 * 149
Alabama 143 142
Alaska NA NA
Arizona 140 139
Arkansas 145 147
California 129 * 137
Colorado NA 155
Connecticut 156 155
Delaware NA 152
District of Columbia NA NA
Florida NA 150
Georgia 142 * 148
Hawaii 136 * 142
Idaho 152 155
Illinois 150 148
Indiana 154 152
Iowa 159 NA
Kansas NA NA
Kentucky 152 * 158
Louisiana 139 143
Maine 161 160
Maryland 145 * 149
Massachusetts 161 160
Michigan 152 152
Minnesota 157 156
Mississippi 133 133
Missouri 157 158
Montana 160 160
Nebraska 150 NA
Nevada 142 140
New Hampshire NA 161
New Jersey NA 154
New Mexico 140 141
New York 148 NA
North Carolina 147 149
North Dakota 160 160
Ohio 155 157
Oklahoma 151 150
Oregon 148 151
Pennsylvania NA NA
Rhode Island 148 146
South Carolina 140 * 148
South Dakota NA 158
Tennessee 145 * 150
Texas 145 * 150
Utah 154 155
Vermont 160 160
Virginia 155 * 161
Washington NA 153
West Virginia 149 151
Wisconsin NA 158
Wyoming 156 157
     
Puerto Rico NA NA
 

*significantly different from 2005 when only one jurisdiction or the nation is being examined; NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 4 science scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010