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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Eighth Grade Mathematics Performance


Quartiles

Average eighth grade mathematics performance: 2007 (Score out of 500)
 
1st quartile
(298 – 286)
2nd quartile
(285 – 283)
3rd quartile
(282 – 275)
4th quartile
(274 – 248)
 
Colorado Alaska‡ Arizona Alabama‡
Kansas‡ Delaware‡ Connecticut Arkansas‡
Maine‡ Idaho‡ Florida California
Maryland Indiana Georgia District of Columbia
Massachusetts Iowa Illinois Hawaii‡
Minnesota Nebraska‡ Kentucky‡ Louisiana‡
Montana‡ North Carolina Michigan Mississippi‡
New Hampshire‡ Ohio Missouri Nevada‡
New Jersey Oregon New York New Mexico‡
North Dakota‡ Washington Oklahoma‡ Tennessee
Pennsylvania Rhode Island‡ West Virginia‡
South Dakota‡ South Carolina‡
Texas Utah
Vermont‡
Virginia
Wisconsin
Wyoming‡
 
‡ EPSCoR state

NOTE: See figure 8-6 text for explanation of achievement levels.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, the nationwide average mathematics score of eighth grade public school students was 280, a statistically significant increase from 272 in 2000.
  • Of the 40 jurisdictions that participated in both the 2000 and 2007 mathematics assessments, 35 reported statistically significant increases.
  • The entire eighth grade student sample, including students performing at the 10th, 25th, 50th, 75th, and 90th percentiles, demonstrated statistically significant gains in mathematics scores between 2000 and 2007.
  • States with high average mathematics scores for eighth graders frequently included those in the New England and North Central regions of the United States. A number of EPSCoR states were included in this group.
  • The gaps in mathematics scores between white eighth graders and black or Hispanic eighth graders narrowed significantly between 2000 and 2007. The gender gap in eighth grade mathematics scores, although much smaller, remained unchanged between 2000 and 2007.


Description

This indicator represents each state's average score on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in mathematics for its eighth grade students in public schools. The NAEP mathematics assessment is a federally authorized measure of student performance in which all 50 states and the District of Columbia participated in 2007.

Student performance is presented in terms of average scores on a scale from 0 to 500. Higher scores indicate that eighth graders are demonstrating a stronger foundation for adult mathematics competency. An average score designated as NA (not applicable) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not have a representative sample of eighth graders that was large enough for reporting state-level results.

NAEP allows students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency to use certain accommodations (e.g., extended time, individual testing, or small group testing). All data presented here represent scores from tests taken with accommodations offered.

Data Table

Table 8-5
Average eighth grade mathematics performance, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2007
(Score out of 500)
 
State 2000 2005 2007
 
Average EPSCoR state value 270 275 278
Average non-EPSCoR state value 274 280 282
United States 272 * 278 * 280
Alabama 264 262 266
Alaska NA 279 * 283
Arizona 269 * 274 276
Arkansas 257 * 272 274
California 260 * 269 270
Colorado NA 281 * 286
Connecticut 281 281 282
Delaware NA 281 * 283
District of Columbia 235 * 245 * 248
Florida NA 274 277
Georgia 265 * 272 275
Hawaii 262 * 266 * 269
Idaho 277 * 281 * 284
Illinois 275 * 278 280
Indiana 281 * 282 * 285
Iowa NA 284 285
Kansas 283 * 284 * 290
Kentucky 270 * 274 * 279
Louisiana 259 * 268 * 272
Maine 281 * 281 * 286
Maryland 272 * 278 * 286
Massachusetts 279 * 292 * 298
Michigan 277 277 277
Minnesota 287 * 290 292
Mississippi 254 * 262 265
Missouri 271 * 276 * 281
Montana 285 286 287
Nebraska 280 * 284 284
Nevada 265 * 270 271
New Hampshire NA 285 * 288
New Jersey NA 284 * 289
New Mexico 259 * 263 * 268
New York 271 * 280 280
North Carolina 276 * 282 284
North Dakota 282 * 287 * 292
Ohio 281 * 283 285
Oklahoma 270 * 271 * 275
Oregon 280 282 284
Pennsylvania NA 281 * 286
Rhode Island 269 * 272 * 275
South Carolina 265 * 281 282
South Dakota NA 287 288
Tennessee 262 * 271 * 274
Texas 273 * 281 * 286
Utah 274 * 279 281
Vermont 281 * 287 * 291
Virginia 275 * 284 * 288
Washington NA 285 285
West Virginia 266 * 269 270
Wisconsin NA 285 286
Wyoming 276 * 282 * 287
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from 2007 when only one jurisdiction or the nation is being examined; NA = not available; EPSCoR = Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 8 mathematics scores for public schools only. For explanation of EPSCoR and non-EPSCoR averages, see chapter introduction.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010