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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Eighth Grade Mathematics Proficiency


Quartiles

Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade mathematics: 2007 (Percent)
 
1st quartile
(51% – 37%)
2nd quartile
(36% – 34%)
3rd quartile
(32% – 25%)
4th quartile
(24% – 8%)
 
Colorado Connecticut Alaska‡ Alabama‡
Kansas‡ Idaho‡ Arizona Arkansas‡
Maryland Indiana Delaware‡ California
Massachusetts Iowa Florida District of Columbia
Minnesota Maine‡ Georgia Hawaii‡
Montana‡ Nebraska‡ Illinois Louisiana‡
New Hampshire‡ North Carolina Kentucky‡ Mississippi‡
New Jersey Ohio Michigan Nevada‡
North Dakota‡ Oregon Missouri New Mexico‡
Pennsylvania Texas New York Oklahoma‡
South Dakota‡ Washington Rhode Island‡ Tennessee
Vermont‡ Wyoming‡ South Carolina‡ West Virginia‡
Virginia Utah
Wisconsin
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress. See Data Table.



Findings

  • In 2007, 31% of eighth grade public school students nationwide performed at or above the proficient level in mathematics, which represents a significant increase from 25% in 2000.
  • Of the 39 states that participated in both the 2000 and 2007 assessments, 30 showed statistically significant increases in mathematics proficiency among public school eighth graders in 2007.
  • States with the highest percentages of eighth graders demonstrating proficiency in mathematics were located in the North Central and mid-Atlantic regions. A number of EPSCoR states were included in this group.
  • Substantial differences in mathematics proficiency exist among racial/ethnic groups of eighth graders, and the gaps between whites and blacks or Hispanics increased slightly between 2000 and 2007. The gender gap in mathematics proficiency among eighth graders is much smaller and increased slightly between 2000 and 2007.


Description

This indicator represents the proportion of a state's eighth grade students in public schools that has met or exceeded the proficiency standard in mathematics.

The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) provides a federally authorized measure of student performance in mathematics. The National Assessment Governing Board sets a performance standard that provides a context for interpreting NAEP results. The standards define "proficiency" as well as performance levels that indicate greater ("advanced") and lesser ("basic") accomplishment. For the eighth grade, the proficient level (scores 299–332) represents solid academic performance and demonstrates competency over challenging subject-matter knowledge, its application to real-world situations, and mastery of appropriate analytical skills. The advanced level (333–500) signifies superior performance. The basic level (262–298) denotes partial mastery of knowledge and skills that are prerequisite for proficient work.

Approximately 153,000 eighth grade students in 6,900 schools participated in the 2007 NAEP mathematics assessment. A designation of NA (not available) indicates that the state either did not participate in the assessment or did not have a representative sample of eighth graders that was large enough for reporting state-level results.

Data Table

Table 8-6
Students reaching proficiency in eighth grade mathematics, by state: 2000, 2005, and 2007
(Percent)
 
State 2000 2005 2007
 
United States 25 * 28 * 31
Alabama 16 15 18
Alaska NA 29 32
Arizona 20 * 26 26
Arkansas 13 * 22 24
California 17 * 22 * 24
Colorado NA 32 * 37
Connecticut 33 35 35
Delaware NA 30 31
District of Columbia 6 7 8
Florida NA 26 27
Georgia 19 * 23 25
Hawaii 16 * 18 * 21
Idaho 26 * 30 * 34
Illinois 26 * 29 31
Indiana 29 * 30 * 35
Iowa NA 34 35
Kansas 34 * 34 * 40
Kentucky 20 * 23 * 27
Louisiana 11 * 16 19
Maine 30 30 * 34
Maryland 27 * 30 * 37
Massachusetts 30 * 43 * 51
Michigan 28 29 29
Minnesota 39 43 43
Mississippi 9 * 14 14
Missouri 21 * 26 * 30
Montana 36 36 38
Nebraska 30 * 35 35
Nevada 18 * 21 23
New Hampshire NA 35 38
New Jersey NA 36 * 40
New Mexico 12 * 14 * 17
New York 24 * 31 30
North Carolina 27 * 32 34
North Dakota 30 * 35 * 41
Ohio 30 * 34 35
Oklahoma 18 20 21
Oregon 31 33 35
Pennsylvania NA 31 * 38
Rhode Island 22 * 24 * 28
South Carolina 17 * 30 32
South Dakota NA 36 39
Tennessee 16 * 21 23
Texas 24 * 31 * 35
Utah 25 * 30 32
Vermont 31 * 38 * 41
Virginia 25 * 33 37
Washington NA 36 36
West Virginia 17 17 19
Wisconsin NA 36 37
Wyoming 23 * 29 * 36
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

*significantly different (p < .05) from 2007 when only one jurisdiction or the nation is being examined; NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reports. NAEP grade 8 mathematics scores for public schools only.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, NAEP (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010