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Chapter 8. State Indicators

Elementary and Secondary Education


Public School Teacher Salaries


Quartiles

Public school teacher salaries: 2007 (Dollars)
 
1st quartile
($63,640 – $54,658)
2nd quartile
($51,937 – $45,941)
3rd quartile
($45,833 – $42,816)
4th quartile
($42,798 – $35,378)
 
Alaska‡ Arizona Alabama‡ Idaho‡
California Georgia Arkansas‡ Maine‡
Connecticut Hawaii‡ Colorado Mississippi‡
Delaware‡ Indiana Florida Missouri
District of Columbia Minnesota Iowa Montana‡
Illinois New Hampshire‡ Kansas‡ Nebraska‡
Maryland North Carolina Kentucky‡ New Mexico‡
Massachusetts Ohio Louisiana‡ North Dakota‡
Michigan Oregon Nevada‡ Oklahoma‡
New Jersey Vermont‡ South Carolina‡ South Dakota‡
New York Washington Tennessee Utah
Pennsylvania Wisconsin Texas West Virginia‡
Rhode Island‡ Wyoming‡ Virginia
 
‡ EPSCoR state

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics. See Data Table.



Findings

  • During the 2006–07 academic year, salaries for public school teachers nationwide averaged $50,816, ranging from a state low of $35,378 to a high of $63,640.
  • Between 1997 and 2007, average teacher salaries across the nation rose by 32% in terms of current dollars. Average teacher salaries remained essentially flat when expressed in constant dollars.
  • The highest salaries for teachers are found in states with a high cost of living.
  • Teachers in EPSCoR states tended to receive lower average salaries, placing them predominantly in the bottom half of the state rankings.
  • High salaries for public school teachers do not necessarily correspond to high student achievement scores on the NAEP mathematics and science tests.


Description

This indicator measures the average base salary of all full-time public school teachers. The year is the end date of the academic year. For example, 2007 data represent salaries for the 2006–07 academic year. The figures (given in current dollars) include salaries for teachers with varying amounts of teaching experience and various kinds and levels of formal education.

Public school teacher salaries may reflect a range of factors, including the value that the state places on primary and secondary education, the state's cost of living, the teachers' experience and education level, and the local supply and demand in the job market. Relatively low teacher salaries may hinder recruitment into the teaching profession.

Data Table

Table 8-9
Public school teacher salaries, by state: 1997, 2002, and 2007
(Dollars)
 
State 1997 2002 2007
 
United States 38,509 44,604 50,816
Alabama 32,549 39,268 43,389
Alaska 50,647 49,418 54,658
Arizona 33,350 36,966 45,941
Arkansas 29,975 35,389 44,245
California 43,474 53,870 63,640
Colorado 36,175 40,222 45,833
Connecticut 50,426 54,300 60,822
Delaware 41,436 48,363 54,680
District of Columbia 45,012 47,049 59,000
Florida 33,881 38,719 45,308
Georgia 36,042 44,073 49,905
Hawaii 35,842 41,951 51,922
Idaho 31,818 37,482 42,798
Illinois 42,679 50,000 58,246
Indiana 38,575 44,195 47,831
Iowa 33,275 38,230 43,130
Kansas 35,837 36,673 43,334
Kentucky 33,950 37,847 43,646
Louisiana 28,347 35,437 42,816
Maine 33,800 37,100 41,596
Maryland 41,148 46,200 56,927
Massachusetts 43,806 50,293 58,624
Michigan 44,251 52,037 54,895
Minnesota 37,975 43,330 49,634
Mississippi 27,720 32,800 40,182
Missouri 34,342 37,695 41,839
Montana 29,950 34,379 41,225
Nebraska 31,768 36,236 42,044
Nevada 37,340 41,524 45,342
New Hampshire 36,867 38,911 46,527
New Jersey 49,349 54,575 59,920
New Mexico 29,715 36,490 42,780
New York 49,560 53,081 58,537
North Carolina 31,225 42,959 46,410
North Dakota 27,711 31,709 38,822
Ohio 38,831 44,492 51,937
Oklahoma 29,270 35,412 42,379
Oregon 40,900 43,886 50,911
Pennsylvania 47,429 50,599 54,970
Rhode Island 43,019 49,758 55,956
South Carolina 32,659 38,943 44,133
South Dakota 26,764 31,295 35,378
Tennessee 33,789 38,554 43,816
Texas 32,644 39,293 44,897
Utah 31,750 37,414 40,566
Vermont 37,200 38,802 48,370
Virginia 35,837 41,262 44,727
Washington 37,860 43,483 47,882
West Virginia 33,159 36,751 40,531
Wisconsin 38,950 43,114 47,901
Wyoming 31,721 37,841 50,692
       
Puerto Rico NA NA NA
 

NA = not available

NOTES: National average for United States is reported value in Digest of Education Statistics. Average salaries reported in current dollars.

SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics, Digest of Education Statistics (various years).

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010

Source Data
 

Science and Engineering Indicators 2010   Arlington, VA (NSB 10-01) | January 2010